Aesculus Californica, or horse chestnut, is a fast-growing, vigorous, deciduous tree native to central Europe. The foliage is oval, elongated and the trees tend to take on a candle shape; the adult specimens can reach dimensions even higher than 25-30 meters of height, with a crown of about 10-15 meters of width.
About forty species of evergreen shrubs, originating in North America, belong to the genus Maonia. Mahonia aquifolium is a medium-sized shrub that reaches 150-200 cm in height when ripe. It has a woody stem, dark brown or grayish, erect, not very branched; the shrubs tend to take on a rounded shape over the years, also because of the numerous basal shoots that develop rapidly.
The abelia is a genus that includes 15-20 evergreen or semi-evergreen shrubs, originating in China, Japan and Mexico. The species generally cultivated in the garden is a hybrid of species originating in China, namely Abelia grandiflora. It has a roundish habit and the specimens of some years reach the height and the width of 100-120 cm; the long stems, poorly branched, are reddish and tend to arch, lengthening.
Hamamelis The witch hazel is a very interesting tree with many virtues. Unfortunately in our country they are not very widespread and it is really a pity: in fact, up close, they are really of a rare beauty and have the undoubted merit of producing corollas when, especially in the northern regions, the other trees are almost bare.
The Kalmia angustifolia is a small evergreen shrub native to North America. Kalmia has quite slow growth, and with age it tends to form dense bushes with wide and branched foliage. The trunk has dark brown bark, sometimes tending to red; the branches are dark green, they turn brown with age.
Spirea The spirea of Japan is a very interesting plant for the gardening lover. In fact, these are less demanding shrubs, easy to grow, fast growing and, at the same time, very floriferous. They produce beautiful umbels or corymbs in shades of white, pink and red. illuminating green spaces in spring or summer, depending on the variety.
Evonimo The evonimo (also known as fusaggine) is one of the most widespread shrubs in the gardens: the persistent leaf species are a classic for creating beautiful hedges. Those deciduous are appreciated for their beautiful autumn fruits. There are about 170 varieties of evonyms, practically all over the world; they can be shrubs, small trees, ground cover and climbing plants, both deciduous and evergreen.
This species of jasmine is native to China, and is a deciduous shrub, resistant to cold. It appears as a tuft, more or less dense, of thin dark green branches, straight and rigid; the leaves are shiny, slightly leathery, dark green too, and consist of three small leaves.
Azara microphylla is a shrub or small evergreen tree originating in South America, but it has also spread to our territory. If the growing conditions are favorable it can reach considerable dimensions, up to 3-4 m of height and 1,5-2 m of width. The foliage is rounded, very branched, dense; the leaves are small, oval, dark, shiny and leathery.
Clerodendrum trichotomum is a shrub or small deciduous tree originating in China and Japan, which can reach 2.5-3 meters in height. It has an erect habit, often has several very branched trunks, the crown is rounded, and develops very low along the trunk.
Pyracantha The oxeye or pyracantha is an evergreen shrub, native to Asia and Europe, which has a rather fast growth and reaches the 2-3 m of height quite quickly. It has an erect habit, the thin dark brown stems tend to develop in a rather disordered manner, producing a dense rounded crown; they have long sharp spines.
Erythin is a shrub or small deciduous tree belonging to a genus that includes more than 100 species of trees originating in Central America. This plant has an erect habit, very branched and can reach 4-5 m in height if the cultivation conditions are ideal; it has a smooth, thorny, gray-brown, dark bark; the branches are often tortuous and the crown is broad.
The deutzia genus includes about fifty species of deciduous shrubs. This type of plant is native to China, Japan and Mexico. The deuiases are cultivated as ornamental plants and thanks to their characteristics they can be suitable for terraces, since their height never exceeds 2-3 meters and can be pruned every year without compromising the development of the plant.
Genus of 25-30 deciduous shrubs, which can reach, depending on the species, even 3 meters; they come from Europe, from Asia Minor and from Africa. The broom of the charcoal burners or Cytisus scoparius, can be found in many areas of Italy and is a species with a very wide range, since it can be found both at sea and in the mountains even if it is often of different varieties of the same species.
The pittosporum belongs to the pittosporaceae family. It is a plant native to eastern Asia, Africa and Australia, from which most of the species come, which number around 150. They are small shrubs and trees, evergreen, semi-rustic and endowed with a very ornamental foliage.
The genus Cistus creticus includes about twenty species of medium-sized, evergreen shrubs, originating in the Mediterranean area. They have an erect habit and a roundish shape, very ramified and disordered, they can reach 90-100 cm in height. The leaves of the cistus are oval, leathery, bright green, generally covered by a thin and thick hair.
Calocephalus brownii is a medium-sized evergreen perennial shrub, native to Australia; the thin stems, very branched, are greyish-green, almost silvery, as are the linear leaves, which make the shrub decorative throughout the year. It is planted in autumn, remembering that the plant can reach 120-150 cm in height and about 60 cm in diameter.
Perovskia atriplicifolia is a perennial herbaceous variety that develops a woody shrub, native to Asia. It produces woody or semi-woody stems, quite branched, which give rise to a small roundish shrub, even 90-100 cm high; the foliage is greyish-green, semi-evergreen, with deeply divided leaf blade, quite thick and wrinkled; if crumpled, the leaves give off an intense scent of sage.
The genus Myrtus includes 100 species of shrubs and evergreen trees with aromatic leaves. The most famous is the Myrtus communis, a shrub typical of the Mediterranean vegetation. Myrtus communis is native to Asia and Mediterranean Europe. It is a bush that can reach a height of five feet.
This variety includes some species of deciduous shrubs, common in Europe and Asia, of medium size; adult specimens can reach 2-3 meters in height. The foliage is light green in color and heart-shaped or roundish; It is very persistent and in general the lilac is one of the last plants to lose its leaves in autumn.
Bambщ is a very decorative plant, used in Europe mainly inside the apartments. Native to tropical regions, it reaches a height of about 15 meters in nature. The small apartment specimens are nothing more than a section of a larger plant, grown from a cutting obtained from a reed of the parent plant.