Together with ribes sativum, a white fruit, and R. nigrum, with a black-violet fruit, this deciduous shrub, of a size close to 120-150 cm, is widespread in Europe, North America and Asia. It constitutes a vigorous stump, from which erect, cylindrical, rigid, poorly branched stems branch out; the leaves are deep green and have 3-5 lobes, with a toothed margin.
Category Fruit and Vegetables
Citrus fruits, plants of the Citrus group, belong to the Rutaceae family, which includes over 25 cultivated species of predominantly Asian origin. They are evergreen arboreal plants, which can vary considerably in height depending on the species and the type of cultivation, with a minimum of about 1 m in ornamental plants such as Citrus mitis or Calamandino, and a maximum of over 9 m in height for the cultivated as Limone, Cedro or Orange.
Prunus armeniaca is a plant of Chinese origin, some claim it may come from the areas of Persia and Armenia. Tree of medium size, generally reaches 5-7 m in height, has thin and smooth heart-shaped leaves, the flowers are pinkish white. It produces egg-shaped fruits with a skin that varies in color, depending on the variety, from light yellow to intense orange.
Speaking of fruit-bearing plants, it is good to know that the life cycle of fruit tree crops consists of 3 periodic stages: the juvenile stage, the maturity stage and the senile stage. Each stage has variable duration in relation to various endogenous-environmental conditions and becomes, for the fruit grower, a different economic value in relation both to the different cultivation treatments and to the different productive capacity.
I kaki Plant native to Japan and the mountainous regions of China, arrived in Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century and has been present in Italy for over a century. The khaki is a tree that can reach up to 12 meters in height, has a globose crown, the leaves are oval-shaped with the upper glossy page.
Prunus domestica is a plant of uncertain origins, it is presumed to come from the regions of south-east Asia. Introduced and cultivated in Europe for over two thousand years. The plum tree is divided into two groups geographically distinct from each other: the European plum and the Sino-Japanese plum.
In tree crops, the annual development shows implementation differences depending on whether they are deciduous or evergreen species. The annual cycle of deciduous or deciduous trees is characterized by a phase of vegetative development (vegetative period) characterized by a marked growth activity of all plant organs, alternated with a period of rest (winter quiescence) called vegetative stasis.
Rubus is a perennial, sarmentose, semisempreverde shrub, native to central-southern Europe. It constitutes a large stump, from which numerous thin, ribbed and arched stems branch off, covered by many small arched spines; every year the rubus produces many suckers, which can develop even for a few meters in a single season; the stems are densely branched and sometimes prostrate, forming a thick and impenetrable tangle.
As it happens for many other widespread fruits in cultivation in Europe, also the apricot is collected on the plants of a species of prunus, called Prunus armeniaca; small tree, which reaches 5-8 meters in height, with deciduous leaves, originating in China, widespread for millennia throughout Asia, Europe and the Mediterranean area.
Peaches belong to the large family of prunus, as well as apricots, cherries, plums; the botanical name is prunus persica, although the plant is native to China and central Asia, probably because the Persians were the ones who brought its cultivation to Europe. These are medium-small sized trees, also suitable for small gardens; grafted plants produce fruit in good quantity over 3-5 years.
Pomegranate is a very ancient plant that comes from the regions of South-West Asia, it is widespread and cultivated both in Italy and in Spain, in areas where the climate is warmer. It has a rather slow and modest growth, in fact, it does not reach heights of more than 5-7 meters. It has deciduous, small and elongated leaves, which in the young shoots are red, then becoming light green.
Pomodoro is a solanacea, a relative of potatoes and aubergines; like potatoes it is native to Central and South America, and was imported into Europe already in the 1500s, by the first Spanish conquistadores; the common Italian name, pomo d'oro, derives from the fact that the first plants imported in Europe had yellow fruits.
Evergreen tree, native to southern Asia, now naturalized in most of the warm areas of the world, from Australia to Latin America, from Africa to the hottest areas of the Mediterranean. It has a fairly rapid development, and within a few years it can reach 20-25 m in height, with a short stem and an enlarged and rounded crown; the young shoots are orange or pink in color, the leaves are dark green, shiny and slightly leathery, lanceolate or oval, up to 20-25 cm long.
The almond tree Rustic and long-lived plant, which can reach the 10m height according to the variety, the almond tree has Asian origins and is widespread in the countries of the Mediterranean basin. It has lance-shaped and thin leaves, similar to those of peach, the flowers are generally pinkish white and bloom abundantly before the appearance of the leaves.
Also called guajava, the guava is a fruit tree native to Central and South America, widespread in cultivation in most of the tropical areas of the globe; two species are generally cultivated, and their consequent cultivars created over time, or Psidium guajava, let us say the true guava, and Psidium littorale, of smaller dimensions.
Kumquats are citrus fruits of Chinese and Japanese origin, cultivated in Italy often only for ornamental purposes; the botanical name is fortunella, and the genus counts some species, even if in Italy Fortunella margarita, with oval fruits, is by far the most widespread. The kumquats are evergreen, slow-growing, well-branched shrubs, which over time can become small trees, 4-5 meters high at most.
The jujube is one of those plants now relegated to the list of ancient fruits, less widespread in cultivation, unfortunately less appreciated as a fruit plant; in reality it is a plant cultivated by man for millennia, in Africa, Asia and even in Europe, where it was imported in ancient times by the Romans.
About two hundred species of shrubs or small trees belong to the genus Zizyphus, which generally reach 4-5 meters in height, slow-growing, of Asian and Mediterranean origin. They have been cultivated as fruit trees for centuries; z. sativa is the most widespread species in Italy, accompanied by z.
Apple tree The apple tree is a fairly easy plant to graft, using one of the most widely used techniques, the diametral split graft. This type of operation is performed by grafting plants with similar morphology, in order to have a more vigorous and resistant specimen. The apple plants are deciduous trees that, depending on the variety, can reach heights of 10 meters.
Orange is a hybrid widespread throughout the world in cultivation, but originating in Asia, it has been developing for hundreds of years as a species in its own right; it seems that the first oranges were brought to Europe by the Portuguese méales, for this reason in many dialects the word portugal, or portugal, indicates oranges.
Prunes are an ancient fruit, present in the wild in about 300 species, widespread throughout the northern hemisphere; the fruits commonly called plums come from various cultivars and hybrids of plants of the species prunus domestica, from which also apricots, almonds, cherries, peaches are obtained.