The term Clorophytum refers to a genus that brings together numerous evergreen herbaceous plants, originating in southern Africa. The spider plant, also known as Chlorophytum or Clorophytum, is the most well-known and appears as a dense clump of fleshy leaves, long and narrow, usually light green, with yellow or white streaks.
Category Apartment plants
The genus aglaonema has about sixty species of evergreen, herbaceous plants, originating in south-eastern Asia; they reach 100-150 cm in height, but there are numerous dwarf or compact varieties, which remain below the meter, or even below 50 cm. They have a short fleshy stem, from which long lance-shaped leaves branch off, slightly fleshy, which can reach 30-40 cm in length; the leaves of the aglaonemas are of various colors, usually green, with yellow, light green or white streaks and variegations; the plants appear as dense, roundish bushes.
Peperomia Peperomia is a genus consisting of over a thousand species of evergreen plants originating in South America, whether bushy or climbing; few species are native to Africa. The leaves are glossy, fairly thick and rigid, in some cases succulent. Throughout the year, sporadically all species produce very small whitish or pinkish flowers, gathered in compact, erect spikes.
Soleirolia soleirolii is a lively evergreen plant native to the Mediterranean area. It has a prostrate or creeping habit and rapid growth; the stems are thin and tender, and bear very small leaves. In a short time it forms dense carpets a few centimeters high. In summer it produces small white-pinkish round flowers, of little ornamental value.
Spathiphyllum To the genus spathiphyllo belong 4-5 perennial herbaceous plants, originating in Central America. The most commonly cultivated is S. wallisii; it produces long dark green leaves, shiny, slightly arched, pointed, carried by a long, slightly rigid petiole. It produces particular inflorescences consisting of a long white spade, rolled around a cob of white flowers.
It is a small evergreen plant native to southern Africa. It consists of a dense rosette of large green, round, thin and wrinkled leaves; in spring and summer from the rosette of leaves rises a stem that carries some flowers, generally blue or white, but there are numerous hybrids of different colors; there is also a species consisting of a single large leaf, with stems of blue flowers, when the plant has produced the seeds the only leaf dies, but often it takes years before it flowers.
Alocasia It is a family of about 60-70 rhizomatous shrubby plants, coming from the rainforests of Borneo, Malaysia and continental Asia. The plants of Alocasia macrorrhiza have a fleshy and elongated stem and large heart-shaped or elongated and pointed leaves, of a size even greater than 30 cm and of a light green, dark green or purple color, depending on the variety, carried on long rigid petioles, generally slightly arched.
The genus sinningia includes dozens of species of flowering plants of tropical origin, widespread in nature in Central and South America; Sinningia speciosa is the botanical species from which the large-flowered hybrids grown throughout the world have been obtained, it is native to Brazil.
The Musa ornata is a perennial herbaceous plant native to Asia; It is the only species of banana that blooms and bears fruit even if it is grown in an apartment. The thick stem, erect, is yellow-green or pinkish-green, the whole plant usually reaches 150-200 cm in height, quite quickly; the long oval leaves, waxy, thick, are carried by long yellowish petioles, are dark green, opaque, and have particular rosy veins very evident on the lower side.
Fittonia is a small evergreen tropical plant from South America. It has short fleshy stems of clear light color and numerous oval leaves, very decorative, characterized by numerous veins of contrasting color with respect to the base color of the leaf, F. argyroneura has dark green leaves and silvery white veins, F.
Family composed of about 15 species, originating in Central America, New Zealand and Australia; they are fairly fast growing plants, they develop ground cover cushions only a few centimeters high, but up to 30-40 cm wide, often growing they become hanging, overflowing from the vase.
Evergreen shrub native to Asia; dozens of species belong to the rhododendron genus, widespread in most of the northern hemisphere. The azalea indica has thin stems, densely branched, reddish-brown, woody; the foliage is dark green, slightly rough and leathery, covered with a sparse hair.
Caladio Caladium is a very decorative plant: it is particularly appreciated for its colorful leaves, large and with a particular shape. Unfortunately, since it is a tropical plant, it is not easy to grow because it prefers mild temperatures and a high level of humidity. It can be used permanently to decorate interiors or placed in the garden, in flower beds or borders, but only during the summer.
Clivia is a herbaceous plant, with rhizomatous roots, native to South Africa; in Italy typically only one species is cultivated, clivia miniata, but it is also possible to find specimens of other 3-4 species in the nursery, and some hybrids, with variegated leaves or flowers with a striking and particular color.
The Episcia cupreata is a perennial herbaceous plant native to South America. It has stoloniferous, fleshy and rapidly developing roots, from which thin fleshy, densely branched fleshy stems grow, bearing numerous oval leaves, of various colors, from dark green to bronze, with contrasting or variegated, fleshy and rough veins; the plant remains below 10-15 cm in height, but develops in dense enlarged carpets.
Eustoma grandiflorum Eustoma grandiflorum, also called lisianthus russelianus, is a plant belonging to the family of Gentianaceae, which includes annual and perennial species. Eustoma is a perennial plant native to South America and the Caribbean islands. In the original places the eustoma can also grow spontaneously, while in Italy it is grown as an annual or biennial both as an apartment or garden plant and for the production of cut flowers.
Gerbera is native to Africa and eastern Asia and is part of the compositae family. There are about 70 species of perennials, herbaceous and semirustic; they are particularly suitable for the production of cut flowers. They are easily cultivated in all regions with a mild climate.
The genus Cryptanthus includes about 20 species of evergreen plants originating from the dry forests of Brazil, all the species are terricolous, some are succulent; there are many hybrids on the market. Bromeliad plants, a common name for this kind of plant, are mainly cultivated for very showy and decorative leaves; they are flattened rosettes of 5-15 leaves, long and narrow, thick, with wavy and serrated edges, of green, pink, red or brown color, often striped, both vertically and horizontally, of white, gray or bronze.
The calathea (commonly called calatea) is a tropical plant, native to South America, widespread in nature even in some areas of Asia; in nature these plants develop as undergrowth in the rainforests, so they are accustomed to a warm climate, with few changes in temperature, wet and not very sunny motion.
About fifty species of epiphytic, evergreen plants belong to the aechmea genus, widespread in the rainforests of South America, where they develop on the trunk of the trees, at the bifurcation of the branches. A. fasciata has long, fleshy, pointed leaves, arranged in large basal rosettes, dark green in color, the banded name derives from the broad horizontal stripes that conspicuously decorate the leaves, consisting of blue-gray bloom.
The phoenix are plants belonging to the genus of palms that present seventeen different species. They are of great ornamental value and all come from East Asia. They have long, pinnate and persistent leaves, provided with a robust petiole, wider at the point of intersection on the stem.