During the winter months it is possible to use our vegetable garden, because there are vegetables that do not fear frost, indeed, some of these benefit from the presence of night frosts.
First, however, to think about growing new plants it is advisable to prepare the garden; It is essential to clean up all the soil from now-dried plants or no longer in cultivation, removing for example the remains of tomatoes and green beans, which we cultivated during the summer; in fact some vegetables, such as tomatoes, green beans, courgettes, peppers, aubergines, fear the cold and do not like the times of the year with a few hours of sunshine a day.
Then we completely remove the plants no longer in cultivation, remembering to remove the roots from the ground, but also the foliage of these plants, which could be a den of diseases and animal parasites.
Once cleaned the garden we enrich the soil with mature organic fertilizer; we recommend this type of fertilizer because besides ensuring a good supply of long-lasting nitrogen, it also allows us to improve the soil mix, making it soft and crumbly.
There are not many vegetables that can be grown in the cold, but surely those few vegetables will give us the satisfaction of fresh and tasty vegetables even during the coldest and grayest months.
During the winter months, vegetables rich in flavor are grown, such as cabbage, cabbage and broccoli, which on the other hand seems to benefit from some nights of light frosts, which improve the taste and consistency; we can also grow onions, garlic and leeks, as their underground development makes them quite "immune" to the cold.
They also find a place in the winter garden spinach, turnip tops, and where winter is a little milder too radicchio and endive.
Cabbages and broccoli are already set as small plants a little developed; we can sow them ourselves, or buy the seedlings directly in the nursery; instead, spinach, onions and escarole are generally sown in rows, directly at home.
For the lucky ones
If we live in regions with a winter climate a little milder we can also think about cultivating radicchio and other leafy vegetables, since they have no problems developing during the winter. If, on the other hand, we live in places where winter can also be very harsh it is advisable to avoid growing these plants, sowing only vegetables like cabbage and spinach; during the months of January-February we can begin to sow salads, but only if we have the possibility of covering the ground with a tunnel in plastic material or in non-woven fabric.
Whatever cultivation we have chosen in any case, let us be ready with some agritesuto, which we will have to use to cover our extremely intense and prolonged frost crops.
Vegetable garden in winter: Grow vegetables in the garden
Even for the cultivation of winter species, the same rules apply as for any vegetable plant, with regard to soil preparation, sowing, cultivation and harvesting. To grow vegetables one must start with a garden work aimed at moving the earth. With soil processing it is also advisable to fertilize the soil, to be made by mixing the fertilizer with the soil during the handling phase. After working the land is the time for sowing or planting the seedlings. Growing vegetables starting from the seed is more difficult and longer than growing from the seedlings.
The seedlings, in fact, being already ready, involve a lower risk of failures and give greater reliability, while with seeds it is always difficult to be sure that they will all germinate, giving rise to seedlings.
During the winter period many winter vegetable plants they still need some protection from the cold that can occur through a protective cloth made of non-woven fabric or other material. This cloth allows to keep the ground temperature higher and therefore ensures the possibility for the plants to grow.
Irrigation in winter will be carried out in different ways and times compared to those of the hot season and great care must be taken not to let the water water freeze. This can be achieved through irrigations performed only in the hottest hours and in any case with temperatures above zero. The amount of water then will never have to be excessive to avoid stagnation that could cause the ground to freeze easily.