Anemone - Anemone

The Anemones

The anemone genus brings together many species of herbaceous plants, widespread in nature in Europe, Africa, Asia and North America; these are plants of various kinds, and many are also cultivated in the garden. Flowering can occur in late winter, early spring, and for some species even in late summer or early autumn.
There are numerous cultivars that can give excellent results for coloring gardens and balconies.

The most cultivated species: rhizomatous anemones

The most widespread anemones in the garden are those with late winter or spring flowering; these are rhizomatous herbaceous plants, the most common species being the anemone coronaria and the bland anemone; each rhizome produces a small plant, 8-20 cm high, with finely divided foliage, very elegant and delicate; between the leaves there are thin stems that bear large flowers, ranging in color from blue to red. These plants have been grown in gardens for a long time, so we have the innumerable hybrids that have been created over the years; some have very large flowers, others have unusual or particularly bright colors.
These anemones are easy to grow, prefer semi-shady positions; the small rhizomes are planted in autumn, in a good rich, fresh and well-drained soil; they bury about twice their diameter, and then proceed with a good mulching of dry leaves, to prevent the frost from reaching the rhizomes; plants develop from the end of winter until late spring. As the foliage begins to turn yellow and wither the rhizomes are removed from the soil, left to dry in the air and then placed in a cool, dark and dry place, until the end of summer. In areas with summers that are not too hot, it is possible to leave the rhizomes in the ground, although it is advisable to remove them every 2-3 years, to reposition them well spread out, changing the soil covering them.

Japanese anemones

The anemone specimens of the japonica and hupehensis species develop medium-sized herbaceous plants; the foliage is enlarged, it can remember the leaves of the maple, light green in color, it forms dense bushes, even 40-70 cm high from the ground, rounded and fairly branched, with stems that are in any case herbaceous. At the end of summer or beginning of autumn, tall stems develop, which can reach 60-80 cm in height, quite branched, and bear many large, pale-colored flowers, in shades of lilac and red. Also these anemones prefer not excessively sunny positions; the flowering lasts a few weeks, particularly appreciated for the fact that during the autumn the garden is undressing and there are not so many flowers to cheer it up. These shrubs have herbaceous development, so they are luxuriant for a few weeks, then when the climate tends to become very hot, the aerial part wilts and dries, bringing the plant to a total vegetative rest. At the end of the summer new stems will begin to sprout from the root bread, which will restart the plant's vegetative cycle.

Botanical Anemones

There are also numerous species of anemones, also widespread in the Italian undergrowth, which can be grown in the garden; for example A. nemorosa, with beautiful white flowers, sometimes mottled with violet; A. narcissiflora, with large white flowers reminiscent of daffodils; A. ranunculoides, with small golden yellow flowers. Most of these species are not easily cultivated in the garden, because they require a particular microclimate; for those who want to try their hand at growing "difficult" plants, some species are available in the nursery; we remind you to inform yourself carefully about the characteristics and cultivation needs of a particular plant, so that it can be cultivated at its best.

Anemone - Anemone: The propagation of anemones

Rhizomatous anemones are cultivated by division of rhizomes; when at the beginning of the exile we remove our rhizomes from the ground we detach the rhizomes smaller and minutes from those already large and well developed; in autumn we will place them well separated from each other, so as to produce new plants every year. As for perennial anemones, those with summer or autumn flowering, the propagation takes place by dividing the clumps: in spring we remove the plants from the ground and divide the clumps of roots, doing so to maintain a well-luxuriant portion of the root system for every head so produced; the new heads are immediately placed separately from the others. If the Japanese anemones find a suitable climate they tend to widen the vegetation a lot, producing large patches of plants over time.
Most anemones can also be propagated by seed, sowing the chosen species directly in the dwelling, at the beginning of spring; the plants will take about 2-3 years before flowering.