The Bellevalia is a medium-sized bulbous plant originating from Asia that produces in spring large fleshy, rigid and erect leaves, of a bright green color. At the center of the leaves stands a short stem, on which numerous small bell-shaped flowers bloom; many species are similar to muscari, with small, deep blue flowers, but there are also species with pink or white flowers. In any case the flowers of bellevalia are gathered in compact spikes, more or less elongated depending on the species. Generally they do not grow more than 25-30 cm, so they are recommended as border plants or in bulbous flower beds; they are often used to accompany the flowering of roses.
The genus Bellevalia includes about 65 species that come mainly from the Mediterranean basin, and from Asia. They are all perennial herbaceous geophytes that produce very characteristic cluster inflorescences. When ripe, the Bellevalia plants produce spherical seeds.
The plants of Bellevalia prefer sunny positions, although it is advisable that in the summer they can enjoy the shade, in the hottest hours of the day. They do not fear the cold and therefore the bulbs can remain in the ground for the wild. After flowering, wait until the leaves dry out completely, to remove them and allow the bulb to enter a period of rest, until the following year.
The flowering of Bellevalia occurs from March to May depending on the area in which we grow the plant. This plant can be found spontaneously in all the regions of Italy except for Trentino and Val d'Aosta, where it is absent.
This plant usually grows in open and ventilated areas such as meadows, pastures and fields, at a variable altitude from the basal plane up to 700 meters.
As for watering, the plants of Bellevalia are generally satisfied with the rains, but in case of prolonged drought, during the end of winter and spring, it is advisable to water the soil when it is dry. Specimens grown in pots may need regular watering until the end of flowering. Always be careful not to overdo the amount of water because too moist soil in the long run could damage the bulbs and the plant favoring the development of mold and root rot.
These bulbous plants develop without problems in the common garden soil, but to obtain an abundant flowering it is good to bury the bulbs in a fertile and rich substratum, soft and loose, rich in organic material. Choose a soil of excellent quality, especially for growing in pots because the soil is very important for the growth of plants and only with an excellent substrate you can have excellent results.
Generally the bellevalia bulbs tend to naturally produce small cloves, which can be removed from the bulb-mother; this operation is carried out in autumn, before the frosts and must be done in a precise and rapid manner.
Bellevalia: Pests and diseases
As mentioned in the previous paragraph, attention must also be paid to root rot, which can affect the bulbs that remain too long in a damp and wet soil. For the rest there are no other diseases to report.