Pachysandra is a genus that includes some species of perennial evergreen herbaceous plants originating in Asia and North America. This species is rhizomatous, ground covering, and rapidly constitutes large colonies of seedlings, about 20-30 cm high, which have dense rosettes of oval, pointed leaves, dark green, with a deep light-colored central veining. The new leaves are usually very light green or purple and in winter all the foliage takes on a golden color. In spring it produces inflorescences consisting of small white flowers, not very showy. The plant produces vigorous underground rhizomes, which tend to spread and cover all the available soil. P. t. variegata has variegated yellow leaves; P. procumbens has larger leaves. For better development and to ventilate the plants it is advisable to prune the pachysandra colonies, also using a lawnmower.
If we want to take care of our plants, we need to know what are the cultivation needs of the species we want to cultivate. For this reason, even the type of exposure that the plant needs is known and taken into consideration to allow ours pachysandra to grow optimally.
These plants are among the few that develop best in areas of partial shade or full shade; if exposed to the light or to the light of sunlight, Pachysandra terminalis suffer and struggle to grow. The leaves in fact tend to yellow early. It is a species that does not fear the cold, although occasionally periods of intense frost or exposure to winter winds can cause browning of the leaves. They reach a maximum height of 10 cm.
The pachysandra terminalis always love a slightly damp soil, so in the vegetative period they should be watered often, possibly not from above, and using large amounts of water. Water sporadically in winter. From March to October, provide fertilizer for green plants mixed with water for watering.
To grow our Pachysandra terminalis in the best way, put it in a very rich soil of organic, loose and well-drained matter; add to the garden soil of river sand, organic fertilizer and good balanced soil.
The multiplication of the plant takes place with great ease due to the division of the tufts of rhizomes, the portions practiced in spring can be immediately placed at home, spacing them 30-50 cm apart, to leave each plant the space necessary to develop. Pachysandra is a plant that over time can become a pest. For this reason it is necessary to keep its growth controlled to prevent the plant from invading the entire garden or the areas that you want to keep free from cultivation.
Pachysandra terminalis: Pests and diseases
As for pests and diseases that could cause damage to the plant, we can say that Pachysandra terminalis is afraid of root rot, mal-dry and cochineal. The latter is a tiny insect which, by piercing the leaves or stems of plants, extracts the sap contained within it, being this rich in sugars. Also pay attention to water stagnation.