The genus Nymphaea includes about fifty rhizomatous perennial aquatic plants, with very ornamental flowers, often sweetly perfumed and of a unique beauty, coming from Australia and south Africa. The Nymphaea is undoubtedly the most famous among the aquatic plants. The round, floating leaves grow from the bottom still rolled up, unroll when they reach the surface of the water and cover large areas; they are an intense green color, tinged with red on the underside of the leaves. The flowers are very large, often more than 10 cm in diameter, of various colors, floating and very fragrant. Bloom by day and close at night; they last a few days, but the plant continuously produces new ones from May to September, giving an exclusive image to ponds and lakes.
N. Perry's Magnificent
The Perry's Magnificent water lily is a species with dark powder pink, star-shaped flowers with a yellow center. The petals of this water lily (over 30) give the flower a diameter of 25 cm. The leaves are instead rounded and with a diameter of about 25 cm also these. It is a species that resists cold winter temperatures and even frost. If you want to cultivate the Perry's Magnificent waterlily it is good to know that the depth of the plant must be between 30 and 90 cm. For a correct growth of the species, the plant needs light. The exposure must therefore be in full sun.
The Gonnere water lily, also known as Snowball or Crystal Whyte, is a species of rustic water lily that presents white-colored flowers and a rather large size. It is an elegant and pure plant, globular and fragrant. The flowers open with the sun and close in the late afternoon. As far as growth is concerned, we can say that it has a compact development, tolerates depths up to a maximum of 120 cm and the medium-sized ponds grow at their best. The flowering period of the Gonnere water lily runs from May to September.
Nymphaea sulfatare is a rustic type aquatic plant with rather rapid propagation. The inner petals appear orange in color but over time they tend to become cream and finally peach. The outer petals instead show a darker color. The period in which we can admire the waterlily sulfate in its maximum beauty is from April to August, its flowering period. This variety can reach a maximum height of 15 cm, even if it develops at water level.
The water lilies should be planted on the bottom of a 40 cm to 2 m deep pond, placed in full sun, or in the partial shade. It does not fear the cold, since the water repairs the rhizome from frost.
To put the n. it is good to place the rhizomes in very capacious recitants, filled with universal soil, sand and bone meal; before burying the rhizomes it is good to prune most of the roots, also removing the dry and soft parts; then the containers must be sunk, anchoring them to the bottom of a pond. A note not to be forgotten about water lilies, useful for those who want to cultivate them is their limited resistance to cold. There are tropical water lilies that are not very suited to our climates, as they fear very low temperatures and frost.
Near the mother plant, every two to three years, new rhizomes are produced, which must be removed in spring and immediately buried.
It is also possible to sow the n, being careful not to remove the gelatinous cuticle that covers the seeds, which must be buried in small containers containing universal wet soil; the seed containers should be kept in glass jars filled with water up to about 2 cm above the seeds. Be careful: new seedlings fear sunlight very much.