Garden

Lotus, Indian L., Nelumbio - Nelumbo nucifera


GeneralitŠ°


The genus nelumbio includes numerous species of perennial aquatic plants, known mainly because they are very decorative.
Indian lotus plants, a common name for nelumbo nucifera plants, produce large gray-bluish leaves, which rise from the bottom and open on the surface of the water, floating.
In summer the Indian lotus produces many very large flowers, which remain open for a few days, changing color from day to day. The growth and development of flowers is followed by the formation of a large woody capsule that contains the seeds, which is also very beautiful, in fact it is often dried to be used in decorations.
This kind of plant is commonly known as lotus flower, famous for the beauty of its flowers that decorate any water mirror in the best way.

Exposure



The nelumbo nucifera plants are grown on the bottom of a small lake in a sunny position. Before planting the nelumbio bulbs it is appropriate to place them in a large container, partially filled with soil, the bulb of l. Indian leans on the soil and covers himself with a stone; keep containers filled with water in a warm and sunny place.
When the nelumbio bulbs have produced at least 4-5 leaves the containers can be filled with earth and then sink into a pond or pond.
If usually the winters of the area in which this kind of plant is to be grown are very rigid it is advisable to remove the bulbs from the water, when the leaves are dried, and keep them in the dark in a cool place, wrapped in the sphagnum until the following spring to avoid that too low temperatures can compromise health and growth. They can also be stored in a container in which wet sand is placed.

Multiplication



in autumn it is possible to cut the bulbs of melumbio into pieces, to obtain new plants to be planted, trying to maintain a vigorous root and a new one for each portion practiced.
The bulb parts of l. Indian should be kept in a fairly warm place, in a container full of soil and water, until the following spring. Usually the new bulbs do not produce flowers for the first year of cultivation.
If you want you can also use the seeds of the Nelumbo nucifera, which must be extracted from the woody capsule that contains them, without manipulating them too much; in autumn and winter they are held in a bright place, immersed in water in a glass container. The following year the plants sink into a pond, they will bloom after a few years.

Lotus, Indian L., Nelumbio - Nelumbo nucifera: Parasites with diseases



the lotus flowers are a rather rustic and resistant variety, which is well suited to easy cultivation; they are plants that do not fear the attack of pests or diseases very much, while it is fundamental to pay attention to exposure to too rigid temperatures that could compromise the health of this variety
To have an optimal growth it is advisable to fertilize the specimens of this genus once a month in spring and summer.
Be careful to avoid excess fertilizer that causes burns on the leaves.