For every hobby gardener, the idea of consistently harvesting strawberry beds throughout the year looks very attractive. Everyone knows that the cost of fresh berries in winter is quite high.
Strawberry is a varietal culture. There are a considerable number of varieties, with certain qualities and corresponding characteristics. All of them differ in the size of berries, ripening time, resistance to pests and temperature extremes, as well as a kind of adaptation to the soil.
- Varieties of varieties of strawberry culture
- Cultivation methods of year-round varieties
- Varieties of varieties for year-round cultivation
- Strawberry yield
- Care of the strawberry crop during the growing season
Varieties of varieties of strawberry culture
All varieties are subdivided into:
- Selection of strawberry crops;
- Local varieties.
Selection varieties are grown on large agricultural complexes using a certain number of technologies for the mass cultivation of crops. Amateur gardeners tend to prefer local varieties. But the rapid adaptation of local varieties to regional conditions occurs at the expense of the crop yield.
Cultivation methods for year-round varieties
With traditional cultivation methods, strawberry crops can only be harvested once a year. The method of growing remontant strawberries allows you to get two or three harvests per season.
Methods have been developed and are being successfully implemented that make it possible to obtain a harvest all year round.
These methods of cultivation of strawberry crops are successfully used in greenhouses and greenhouses of the agro-industrial complex. On an industrial scale in Holland, Israel, Japan, the USA and other countries that have made great strides in applying the latest technology, strawberries are grown throughout the entire calendar year. This is the application of drip irrigation and hydroponics methods on a special substrate with the use of special technologies developed for the strawberry crop:
- Artificial lighting with a specific wavelength of emitted light
- Application of systematic nutrient media for strawberry culture
Varieties of varieties for year-round cultivation
In nature, there are no continuously fruiting varieties. In practice, remontant varieties are used, for example, "Selva", "Queen Elizabeth", which, with constant care of the crop, can yield a harvest throughout the calendar year. Care consists in timely replacement of "spent" strawberry bushes with new ones grown from seeds, whiskers or rhizomes, depending on the variety planted.
By variety, all varieties are divided by purpose:
- For open ground
These are varieties that are resistant to temperature extremes and the quality factor of lighting.
These are varieties that need a certain and even air temperature, a certain constant indicator of humidity and an important role in the formation of berries is played by the level of illumination.
For gardeners, it is recommended to select varieties with a good level of yield and relatively high resistance to pests and diseases:
- Queen Elizabeth
- A source
As a rule, the level of yield directly depends on the correct care of the plant crop, the selected variety and the conditions created for growing the crop. The approximate yield can be calculated using simple math:
- One common strawberry bush gives about 15 berries per season. The weight of one berry depends on the variety. We multiply the number of fruits by the weight of one berry - we get the relative yield of the variety.
- One bush of small-fruited strawberries, as a rule, per season yields 1.5 times more than ordinary strawberries.
- One bush of remontant strawberry, capable of producing up to 1000 berries during the growing season.
Care of a strawberry crop during the growing season
Strawberries are a crop that needs intensive feeding with nutrients in the form of organic fertilizers. Like no other plant, strawberries need constant nutrition, especially during the growing season and fruiting.
Professional gardeners prefer to combine strawberry varieties in such a way that they include early, mid-season and late crops. To ensure an uninterrupted harvesting cycle, remontant strawberry varieties are planted, which allows a continuous harvesting cycle to be obtained.
Recently, quite often you can find on the World Wide Web many recommendations for growing a year-round strawberry harvest at home, turning an apartment into a plantation for growing crops. It is recommended to use fans as plant pollinators, lighting equipment with specific lamps, to enclose the substrate in cellophane bags and hang them for easy harvesting.
In theory, this process seems to be easy and easy to carry out until a person is faced with it in practice. And there are a lot of reviews about this method of growing strawberries in their apartment from those who practice this experience. From negative to hard-hitting.