Garlic is grown in many countries around the world. It not only gives a pungent spice to various dishes, but is also used as an antiseptic for medicinal purposes.
Growing garlic in your summer cottage, as well as its subsequent storage, requires experience and knowledge, since various pests and diseases can affect this crop.
Diseases of garlic can affect not only garlic cloves, but also the leaves and inflorescences of the plant.
Rust is considered one of the most dangerous diseases. It infects the leaves of garlic, covering them with so-called raised pads of light yellow color, which subsequently turn black. If the development of rust is not prevented in time, the leaves will dry out prematurely and the plant will die.
Another common and dangerous disease is cervical rot, the causative agent of which is a fungus. Moreover, the primary infection occurs before harvesting due to lodging of leaves, in which the causative agent of the disease develops.
The defeat of garlic with white rot can occur during the ripening period or already during storage. The disease manifests itself in the yellowing of young green leaves and their subsequent death. And the garlic itself becomes watery and rots.
Storing garlic at high temperatures (over 20 degrees) leads to a fungal disease called black mold.
Garlic mosaic belongs to viral diseases. The virus infects the inflorescences and leaves of the plant in the form of a mosaic pattern.
When the first signs of any disease of garlic appear, all the necessary measures should be taken to eliminate it.