The popularity of this berry plant in the ranks of summer residents and gardeners has always been and remains at the highest level. High yield and quality of strawberry ripening is achieved by not only optimal selection of varieties, but also by compliance with the basic requirements of soil preparation technology for planting strawberry crops.
- The main components of strawberry growing technologies
- Optimizing the soil for planting strawberries
- Organization of watering strawberry culture
- Soil fertility level for strawberry crop
- Little tricks of gardeners
The main components of strawberry growing technologies
The most important thing for planting a strawberry crop is the appropriate selection of the site. It should be located in a well-lit place and protected from drafts as much as possible. The soil under the plot should be light in texture and well moistened. Avoid areas where underwater water is closer than 1 meter from the surface.
Basic agrotechnical requirements for growing strawberry crops:
- high-quality soil preparation;
- use and optimization of layouts for strawberry crop placement;
- selection of varieties according to yield and degree of ripening;
- optimal protection against diseases, weeds and plant pests.
When planting strawberries, it should be borne in mind that some varieties do not tolerate excess carbonates (calcium derivatives) in the soil.
Optimizing the soil for planting strawberries
In the development of plants, the degree of yield and the quality of strawberries, soil preparation plays a primary role. Such a moment, as a correctly selected site, will allow you to get not only a high yield, but also make it possible to prevent many diseases, and also greatly simplify the care of plants.
The optimal soil for strawberries, as it should be, is sandy or sandy-loamy light soils with a humus content of no more than 3%.
On heavy soils, such as clayey, strawberries grow poorly. The clay fraction, forming compacted layers, is able to retain moisture for a long time, which leads to decay of the roots.
Peat soils contain a large amount of organic matter. The strawberry crop is prone to soil-related diseases. Therefore, on peat soils among strawberry crops, a disease such as late blight is widespread, resulting from an excess of free soil fluoride.
Organization of watering strawberry culture
The length of the root system of a strawberry crop is about 30 cm. When preparing the planting holes, it is necessary to carry out such a simple measure as checking the degree of soil compaction in the selected area. Having dug a hole to a depth of 50 cm, you should make sure that there are or are not soil seals. If the soil is compacted, cultivation should be carried out.
Soil moisture is one of the most important factors when planting strawberries. At the time of planting a strawberry bush, the soil should be close to 100% moisture capacity and at the same time, it should be easily permeable to water.
This moisture is achieved exclusively by daily regular watering. The ideal option is to install a drip irrigation system on the site, which will greatly simplify the irrigation procedure.
During the period of intensive growth of leaves, the watering rate is significantly reduced, but does not stop. An important point is considered to prevent both the drying out of the soil and excess moisture throughout the growing season. Drying out will lead to a low yield, and excess moisture will lead to the development of fungal diseases of the crop, which will also significantly reduce the yield. If there is excess moisture, drainage is arranged.
Soil fertility level for strawberry crop
The most fertile soil for a strawberry crop is one that contains 3% humus. The humus indicator is responsible for the optimal amount of moisture in the soil. With a low humus index, mullein is introduced into the soil.
How to achieve this amount of fertile soil? Is it really necessary to buy tons of land to provide yourself with crops? You can buy. And you can prepare the soil yourself in a personal plot.
Little tricks of gardeners
Light sandy loam of high quality with an appropriate level of fertility can be obtained from sod land, which, after certain processing, turns into fertile soil suitable for planting strawberry crops.
- In early spring, as soon as the snow melts, on a forest edge or glade, layers of earth (sod) about 8 cm thick are cut down.
- The sod is folded into a pile: 1 m wide and 80 cm high. Every 2-3 layers are poured abundantly with water, like the entire pile after laying.
- The collars are covered with a film in such a way that air gets under it.
- Three weeks later, a process called "organic combustion" begins in the piles. In this process, almost all organic matter is burned out, including pathogens, weed seeds, viruses, molds and insect larvae.
- The film is removed after 2 months from laying the pile, and the soil is sieved.
Carrying out the above measures of agrotechnical work will allow you to get an optimally fertile soil of the appropriate structure for growing strawberries. This soil is free from vegetation and pathogens, well-drained, airy and oxygenated.