A summer resident in his garden is always pleased to have strawberries. Rarely will anyone call it a garden strawberry, but it is doubly pleasant if this berry is approximately equally large, bright and sweet.
Strawberries are one of the most popular berries among gardeners, not only due to the simplicity and ease of caring for them, but also the usefulness of their taste - they contain folic acid (removes radioactive metals).
And other gardeners or gardeners are attracted to strawberries by the fact that they have an early ripening period. But growing strawberries is a rather laborious process, and I want to keep all costs to a minimum, getting as much of a high-quality harvest as possible.
- Growing strawberries on film
- Features of using black film
- Advantages of clear (white) film
- Mulching black and white film
Growing strawberries on film
Nowadays, gardeners and gardeners use modern technology for growing strawberries - on a film that covers the soil, and therefore has a positive effect on plant growth and protects the ripe crop from contact with the ground.
In other words, a mulching film is used for more convenient strawberry care and harvesting. Holes are cut in it for planting seedlings, as well as seeds. If the beds are in two rows, then the cuts are made with a knife every 30-40 cm, between rows 60-70 cm. The film on all sides of the future strawberry bed should be dug into the ground. Mulch film helps to increase yields by improving soil structure due to the absence of weeds and the presence of fertilizers.
Features of using black film
Basically, the black film is used to keep weeds away from the strawberries, as the soil does not receive visible solar radiation. On the other hand, the black color of the film, which absorbs the sun's rays, heats up more, and there is a risk of "burnout" of plants. But the crop with such a film ripens a few days earlier. In addition, due to the black film, the soil temperature is higher, which affects the development of the strawberry root system. And the accumulated moisture under the film does not harden the top layer of the soil and improves the metabolism of the plant.
Advantages of clear (white) film
When using mulching transparent film, there will be no effect of "burning out" of strawberry seedlings, but the soil will receive its own rays of the sun, which means that the weeds will flourish in such favorable conditions. To get rid of them, you will have to apply herbicides. The transparent film will raise the soil temperature by a few degrees, and save water from condensation under the film, and thus save strawberries in case of a sudden cold snap or heat. If you use a white film, then the crop ripens a few days later.
Mulching black and white film
The optimal combination of black film on the bottom and white on top for the strawberry to flourish. Mulching black and white film provides:
- complete opacity for visible sunlight, which causes weed growth;
- saving on herbicides, watering;
- elimination of soil crust;
- protecting plants from excessive drought or cold;
- the best quality of the berries, since they do not come into contact with the ground;
- warming up the soil due to the lower black film.
As a result, it is the combined film that will help the gardener grow strawberries with the minimum investment of time, money and effort and get the best harvest possible.
Summer residents and gardeners are most suitable for black and white mulching film, and in addition, they highlight a few more features during use, for example, the fact that the mustache cannot take root on the film if the owner himself does not make an incision in the film so that they can take root in the soil. But along with this, there were also disadvantages of using it - additional watering in a prolonged drought, mulching with straw, removing ants and slugs under the film, and mold under it in wet weather. Nevertheless, these problems do not always arise with the use of black and white film, which is why it is used most often for growing strawberries.