Strawberries are the most popular berry. It is rich in iron, magnesium, potassium and vitamins.
- General information
- Dutch strawberries
- Garden bed preparation and planting
- Root processing
- Ash treatment
Many varieties are known. But breeders do not stop there, they are constantly breeding new species. Its qualities are improving.
Strawberries are a dietary food. Fresh berries quench thirst, improve salt metabolism.
In the southern part of our country, garden varieties are widespread. They love a lot of sunlight and moisture. It is optimal to plant several types of strawberries, in this case there will be good pollination. And hence the harvest. Up to 1.5 kilograms of berries can be harvested from one square meter.
Elvira is an early ripening variety, berries up to 50 - 60 grams, have a round shape and a bright red color. The berries are firm and very sweet. Elvira is suitable for cold and humid areas. Produces a good harvest and is resistant to fungi.
Vima Zanta is a relatively new variety adapted to central Russia. The berries are large. With proper care, they bear fruit well and tolerate cold and disease.
Gigantella Maxima is a late-ripening variety, high bushes. The berries are up to 9 cm in diameter and are bright red in color. The advantage is that the harvest will be sweet despite the rain. Strawberry mite and gray mold resistant.
The crown is resistant to cold winters, the berries have a pleasant aroma and taste. Only now it is prone to gray mold and leaf spot.
Garden bed preparation and planting
Planting strawberries begins with soil preparation on the site. Where strawberry bushes will be planted, compost is introduced: 1.5 buckets per 1 sq. M. With a pitchfork, they dig up the soil of the beds to a depth of 25 cm.
The surface is leveled with a rake, simultaneously breaking up clods of earth. The beds are broken up with a width of 90-100 cm, between which they trample a path 35 cm wide.
It is then necessary to crush the soil on the planting bed with an even wide board. This is necessary to ensure that the covering material is firmly attached to the ground, which will ensure moisture retention. Perforated black film, black covering material or roofing felt can be spread on the beds. The edges of the cover must be repaired. If it is a film or black covering material, they are brought out under the roofing material on the path. And with roofing material, you can cover the beds with an overlap, and put boards along the paths on which you can walk.
To mark the landing pits, you can make a template from thick cardboard. It is applied to the coating and cuts are made through the prepared slots for planting. It is possible to make cuts in the covering materials in several beds at once, in several layers.
In the first year, the plants are planted densely - in a checkerboard pattern of 20 cm in a row and 25 between rows. A large harvest is obtained in the same year. Then, after the first harvest, the planting can be thinned out through one bush.
After fixing the cover, start planting young strawberries. Seedlings are stuck into the cruciform slots with a peg, or they are planted with gloved hands. After watering each bush from a teapot, the voids in the holes are filled with sand.
Planting time is a little longer than normal planting, but this way you save time on further weeding. Learn how to protect dark finishes from overheating here. In summer, of course, it is better not to plant in this way, the most favorable time for planting with a coating is still spring.
For better survival rate (up to 100%) of the bushes, the roots of the planting material are dipped to the heart in a mash made of clay with the addition of heteroauxin or root. Add 1 tablet to 5 liters of talkers. With this method, the seedlings take root much faster, and the strawberries form a powerful root lobe.
Planting with a mulch layer is also good for dry varieties. And although this method keeps the berries clean and they are less susceptible to gray rot, ash dusting is used to stop the growth of this fungus. Wood or straw ash is used. For the first time, about 15 g per bush, and for the second and third procedures, 5 g per bush is enough.
Spraying with an ash solution is also used. For this, sifted ash (300 g) is boiled for 30 minutes and defended. It is filtered and then diluted in a bucket of water. To improve adhesion, add soap (40 g) before spraying. Processing is carried out twice a month. Ash and soap solution is also good for spraying powdery mildew and sawflies on other crops.
We examined the Dutch varieties of early and late ripening strawberries, as well as the features of strawberry planting agricultural technology, which reduce labor costs for care.