Many gardeners-gardeners will agree that strawberries are the most delicious and beautiful berry on their backyard. Well, not all gardeners know how to grow strawberries correctly.
- Natural protection of strawberries
- Selection of strawberry varieties
It is very important to plant strawberry bushes in sunny places, and the land must be fertile. Timely watering will ensure that the berries taste sweet and juicy, although it is very important here not to overflow the strawberries so that the fruits are not watery.
It is best to plant strawberries in spring in a soil that is well fertilized with humus and compost. It is important that the organic fertilizer is mature. 2-3 handfuls of organic matter and half a handful of wood ash are added under each strawberry bush, then everything is mixed well.
It is best to plant the bushes in the evening so that the daytime sun does not destroy the weakened plant. Before planting a bush, you need to pin the longest root, and also cut off the leaves, leaving no more than 3 pieces. Such strawberries will take root very quickly and will yield 3 times higher yield than those planted in autumn.
After planting, it is necessary to exclude the entry of a mustache of a different variety on the new plantation. It is advisable to cut off the first peduncles (but not necessarily) so that the bushes take root better.
Strawberry lovers can easily answer the question "how to grow strawberries correctly?" It is very important to remove whiskers and shoots in a timely manner, water at least 2-3 times a week, weed the beds and loosen the ground.
Autumn care is also important for strawberries, because after harvest, the leaves of the bushes continue to grow. It is necessary to remove the yellowed leaves and still give the bushes moisture in a timely manner. For the winter, strawberry beds are covered with rotted manure and special shields are placed for snow retention.
Some varieties of strawberries need to provide space during growth, so 1 sq. M. no more than 4 plants are planted, and the bushes themselves are provided with a sufficient amount of light.
It is usually recommended to use only the first two rosettes from the mustache for breeding. If it is necessary to get the maximum yield in the first year, then this requirement is justified. Rosettes of the third or more order this year bear little fruit, but you will get more bushes for seedlings. The next year, both strawberry bushes will give the same harvest.
Elite and super-elite varieties are propagated by seeds. Strawberry seeds are treated with growth stimulants (Epin, Zircon, etc.) and germinated on the windowsill in March-April.
In early June, they are planted in the ground. By the fall, many of them will give their first harvest. Read about the features of germinating strawberry seeds here.
Natural protection of strawberries
To protect the roots from nematodes in strawberry beds, it is good to plant marigolds and marigolds. Marigolds reduce the growth of powdery mildew. Calendula prevents the development of many fungal diseases such as fusarium and root rot. In the fall, these annual crops are simply cut off, leaving their roots in the ground.
In order for the berries to be juicy and fragrant, pine litter is poured under each bush with a layer of 5 cm. Pine needle mulching also prevents the berries from contamination and retains moisture.
Plant parsley between rows to scare off slug infestations.
Strawberries greatly deplete the soil, so it is recommended to keep them in one place for no more than 4-5 years. To restore fertility in this area, after strawberries, it is necessary to plant beans and carrots. Then pumpkin crops are planted, a year later - nightshade. And only then your favorite strawberry can return here again.
Selection of strawberry varieties
For the successful cultivation of strawberries, it is, of course, important to choose a good variety. Previously, it was believed that it is better to choose zoned strawberry varieties, but this is not the case. Nowadays, many foreign varieties have been tested in central Russia and can be recommended for private households along with domestic varieties. Good performance in the varieties Gigant Jorney, Gigantella Maxi, Elsanta, Albion, Elan F1, Bereginya, Clery, Crown, Holiday, Queen Elizabeth II, Everest, Bogota, Marshall, Cardinal, Tsaritsa, Brighton and many others.
Of domestic varieties, Moscow Jubilee (among the people Mashenka) still does not leave the podium. Its taste is better than that of Gigantella, and compared to the Sequoia variety, the berries are denser, more transportable.
You can pick up early maturing strawberries, medium and late ripening. The remontant varieties will be a special joy for children and grandchildren.
Many articles have been written about the intricacies of growing strawberries, but we briefly recalled the simple rules of agricultural technology and methods of natural plant protection. A little systematized information about the selection of varieties. Apply these rules when growing this fragrant miracle at home, and your beloved children and grandchildren will always be happy!