If you have black currant growing - you know that currant pruning in spring should be done. It is no secret that a large number of berries prefer strong (30-40 cm) growths at the levels of the first and second branching.
How pruning currants in spring will help
The black currant crop is especially abundant on branches of four to five years of age. Older ones are a poor foundation for growth. Consider the statistics:
- The first four years after the planting stage, you need to grow a bush, which includes 15-20 branches with different ages;
- On such a bush from one to five years, the branches include 3-4 branches of annuals, the same number of biennials, and the like;
- Then you need to give the bush support and keep it in this state for 10-12 years.
How to prune a currant bush in spring
The black currant bush is formed from the moment of purchasing a one-year-old seedling, on which there are 2-4 branches. When planting, each branch leaves three or four well-developed buds not cut off.
The number of the strongest annuals sprouted from the soil, known as "zero", branches, should be kept 3-4, the rest are cut off.
The bush should have 2-4 branches for each age. The process starts from the stage of full fruiting. Every year, branches that are unfit for development are removed, as are those that no longer bear fruit as before.
- Pruning neglected bushes is not carried out in one go. To avoid provocation and imbalance in the development of parts - aboveground and root.
- For the first year, work has been carried out on all branches for five to six years (they are outwardly thick, the increments are shortened);
- Further, branches of other ages are brought into the desired ratio;
- It is also necessary to remove the stumps from the eliminated branches, and carry out cuts on the soil area.