The walnut has been a popular plant since ancient times; it is used by chefs, doctors, and even magicians. In the shade of this tree, you can have a wonderful time on a hot day, and when the plant begins to bear fruit, then enjoy the delicious pulp of a nut.
Many gardeners would like, but do not know how to plant a walnut in their area. Meanwhile, planting and growing this noble tree is not too difficult a task.
- Choosing a landing method
- Planting a nut fruit
- Planting a seedling
Choosing a landing method
The easiest way is to plant with seeds or buy a ready-made seedling. But in the latter case, it is difficult to predict what fruits the grown tree will bear, and whether it will bear at all. It is better to choose the nuts for planting yourself. If walnut trees grow in the vicinity of your site or the city in which you live, then do not hesitate to choose these plants for seed donors. They are maximally adapted to the environmental conditions in your area - climate, soil composition.
Nuts for planting are best harvested in mid-autumn, when the plant begins to actively bear fruit and discard ripe nuts.
The color of nuts suitable for planting is green with a slightly yellowish tinge. The shape of the nuts is round, without dents. They should not have an overly hard or, on the contrary, a soft shell, and the edges of the shell should fit snugly against each other (otherwise earwigs will be taken away). It is better to collect freshly fallen nuts, or knock down the specimens you like with a stick.
Planting a nut fruit
The seed must be large and ripe. A sign of ripeness is a crack in the pericarp (outer pericarp) and its lag behind the shell. Seed germination lasts only one year, it is best to plant them in the fall, after harvest. The selected nuts are cleaned of pericarp, a hole is dug to a depth of 1 meter and the earth is mixed from it with humus.
There are two opinions as to whether to peel nuts from the outer shell or leave them intact.
It has been noticed that nuts peeled from pericarp germinate faster and have slightly better germination.
You can peel the nut by tapping it lightly with a hammer several times to partially separate the outer shell. Strike must be done very carefully so as not to damage the inner shell. When peeling nuts, it will not be superfluous to wear rubber household gloves, since the pericarp juice leaves dark spots on the hands, which come off with great difficulty. Dip the peeled nuts in a bucket of water and see which ones float and which ones drown. Drowned nuts are better suited for planting, as they have a whole kernel and are more likely to sprout well.
In order for a nut to germinate, it must go through a process of stratification (stratification, exposure to cold). To do this, the nut must be placed in conditions with a temperature of 1 to 5 degrees Celsius for a period of 90 to 120 days. You can, of course, put the nut in the refrigerator until spring, but it is better to let Mother Nature carry out this process herself, and plant the nut in the fall.
One of the rules for planting seeds says that you should not bury the seed to a depth greater than the length of the seed itself.
But in our weather conditions, when the air temperature in winter reaches -30 ° C, the nut should be placed at a greater depth, where the temperature will be optimal. We close the nuts only to a depth of 15-20 cm. They should be laid with a seam up, in a square or triangles with a side of 20-25 cm. Of the grown seedlings, the strongest is left.
Planting a seedling
How to plant a walnut seedling? This is best done in the spring, at the age of two. You should choose a seedling in which the thickness of the trunk is at least 1 cm at a distance of 5 cm from the root collar. In this case, the height of the seedling does not really matter. It is necessary to dig out a young tree very carefully so as not to damage the lateral roots, and the vertical root is cut by about 2/3, the cut is covered with clay. The root collar should be 3-4 cm higher than the soil. The pit is filled up, the soil is compacted and excess branches are removed.
It is best to purchase a seedling already prepared for planting, with the so-called canned root system, which allows planting even in the dry season. The necessary fertilizers are already present in the root container, which will allow the young nut to grow immediately. These seedlings take root better and give you a better chance of producing a beautiful, healthy tree.
Nuts grow and gain strength slowly. The walnut tree requires proper care and attention on your part, especially when the plant is grown in climatic conditions that are not typical for it. Be patient and you. Before the plant begins to bear fruit, there is still a lot to be done for it.