The peoples of the North from time immemorial prefer two of the forest berries: lingonberries and blueberries, considering the latter the most delicious berry on the planet. It consists of two varieties of blueberries intended for cultivation in a personal plot:
- tall blueberries;
- marsh blueberries.
- History with geography
- Growing features
- Basic landing rules
- Popular varieties
History with geography
Tall blueberries were recently brought to Russia from the American continent. Since then, it has gained particular popularity among both small farmers and large agricultural industrialists.
But science never stands still. New varieties appear more and more often, and blueberries are rapidly spreading through household plots, leaving the usual Northern District. She has already begun her march through the gardens and vegetable gardens, becoming next to currants or raspberries - permanent inhabitants of our gardens.
The popularity of blueberries, as a storehouse of macro and microelements, including a vitamin complex, is growing every year. Internet inquiries "How to plant blueberries in your garden?" come from the southern regions of our region.
The closest relatives of blueberries are lingonberries, blueberries and cranberries. Typical representatives of those types of berries that grow on Siberian swampy soils.
Blueberries prefer acidic soil with moderate moisture and good drainage. The area should be well lit by the sun. This is the key to a rich harvest of berries. The plant practically does not need organic fertilizers.
There are two types of blueberries that are best suited for cultivation in personal plots. This is a type of marsh blueberry, represented by shrub forms, up to half a meter high. The distribution area is the north of the Non-Black Earth Zone of Russia and Siberia. It grows in peat bogs, as well as in damp deciduous and coniferous forests.
And a kind of tall blueberry. Its parameters differ significantly from its counterpart. The tall blueberry reaches a height of slightly more than one and a half meters, bears a large fruit with an intense blue skin color. The berry tastes very sweet. The juice, on the other hand, has a faint color.
Basic landing rules
In order to get a high-quality blueberry harvest in a personal plot, you must adhere to 4 basic rules:
- It is necessary to know the level of acidity of the soils of the personal plot. The pH level should be between 4.0 and 5.5, which means that the soil is acidic enough for planting blueberries. With an insufficient amount of soil acidity, it can be acidified by applying a weak solution of sulfuric acid. It can be obtained by draining the electrolyte from an acid battery. For 1 liter of oxen, 1 ml of electrolyte is added and the plants are watered at the rate of 1 time in 10-12 days.
- The composition of the soil must be taken into account. Peat-bog or peat-sandy soils with high levels of water permeability and moisture capacity are ideal for growing blueberries. This category includes high-moor peatlands that contain organic matter, and household plots with such soil characteristics are usually extremely rare. Therefore, appropriate conditions are artificially created for planting blueberries. A hole is dug under each bush to a depth of about 40 cm. Its diameter should be at least 80 cm. The bottom of the hole is lined with mulch film, where several through cuts are first made to drain excess moisture. The pit is filled with a mixture of sand and top peat in a 1: 1 ratio. When adding organic fertilizers such as compost or humus, 100 grams of sulfur is added to each bucket, after thoroughly rubbing the sulfur with sand. The mixture is applied at the rate of 1 bucket per planting pit. Pits are prepared one and a half to two months before blueberry planting.
- It is necessary to ensure the respiration of the roots. To do this, mulch the ground with sawdust around each blueberry bush.
- Compliance with the temperature regime. Blueberries are very sensitive to temperature extremes. It cannot withstand drought and strong winds. The plant should not be planted in low-lying parts of the relief, where in winter there is an accumulation of cold air masses, since at a temperature of -20C the surface of the plant freezes. Tall blueberries need protection from the wind and regular watering during the growing season.
Blueberry varieties that are very popular among gardeners, despite their low frost resistance:
Blueberry varieties imported from Poland are successfully cultivated in the northern regions of Russia. Their distinctive feature is frost resistance. This is a mid-ripening Herbert variety and a late-ripening Covill with very tasty berries.
As a conclusion, it should be noted that over the past few years, the Novosibirsk Central Botanical Garden has included 8 varieties of frost-resistant tall blueberries recommended for cultivation in household plots in the state register of registration of selection research in the state register of breeding research:
- Blue scattering;
- Taiga beauty;
All new varieties presented have a high yield - up to 1.5 kg per bush. It is recommended to grow a pair of varietal bushes of the same degree of ripeness on the site.