What can be a better "vitamin" decoration of the table, especially in the winter season, than a large, red, juicy strawberry grown on your personal plot! Especially with such a "loud" name "Queen". It is not particularly difficult to get its high yield, you just need to adhere to the advice of specialists that we have collected and summarized in the text below.
- General information. Breeding history
- Growth characteristics. Commodity indicators
- Growing. Pests
- Soil requirements. Watering. Landing
General information. Breeding history
This medium-ripening table variety is large-fruited. Bred in Russia. In the first order, it gains weight up to 50 grams, maximum - 60 grams. It is the subject of the legitimate pride of its author - breeder Svetlana Dmitrievna Aitzhanova. An experienced specialist in her field of practical knowledge, she obtained it by crossing the varieties Venta and Regontlit. The result is a strawberry variety that perfectly tolerates the harsh Russian winter, as well as the hottest and driest summers, which we have, as a rule, in June and July.
Growth characteristics. Commodity indicators
The queen is a strawberry of medium height, characterized by a semi-spreading bush of medium foliage. It does not differ in a large number of flowers, and those that adorn the plant are located either below or at the level where there are leaves. Yellow achenes do not sink deeply into the soil. The length of the peduncle is average, the inflorescence is compact. Conical in shape, the berries are wide at the base. This variety is distinguished by a dense, pleasant, sour-sweet pulp.
Beautiful, smooth and shiny berries are characterized by excellent transportability, which contributes to the high efficiency of sales qualities. This factor is very successfully complemented by the fact that in their market format the berries are one-dimensional, their purpose can be safely called universal.
The queen in plants remains active for a long time, she is not afraid of the autumn rot, which is familiar to other plants, practically until the end of the warm season, her leaves, which do not have any spots on themselves, retain a bright green color.
The queen has excellent data for cultivation in various regions, is famous for its higher average winter hardiness, high heat resistance and drought resistance.
In its excellent yield (it reaches 15 centners per hectare and more), the Queen surpasses many other varieties of strawberries. The ripening period of berries is average. It demonstrates excellent resistance to almost all types of so-called "fungal" diseases, as well as to mites.
It is recommended to add manure humus and peat to the soil, one bucket per square meter. Plus sawdust. Top dressing with mineral fertilizers.
Before embarking on the active phase of cultivation, you must carefully prepare the soil. The queen, like the overwhelming majority of all other representatives of this beautiful type of berries, is generally unpretentious to growing conditions. But she perfectly feels when warmth and care are shown to her, by all means responding to such obvious signs of attention with excellent harvests and an excellent market format for her berries melting in her mouth.
That is why, before planting plants in the soil, you need to make sure that there are no all kinds of pests here, which are potentially the larvae of the May beetle and wireworm for the delicate shoots of the Queen. It should be borne in mind that the proximity to the border of forest land increases the likelihood of these parasites entering the soil of the backyard.
The best way to get rid of unwanted "guests" is to add ammonia water or plant alkaloid lupine. But the most effective, of course, is to study the appropriate recommendations.
For example, a transparent strawberry mite should not be allowed on the site, because, damaging the young to shower, it contributes to their acquisition of a yellowish-oily shade and curling. Rainy weather is comfortable for the reproduction of this parasite. Spray your plot with karbofos solution.
Soil requirements. Growth features
Groundwater should be no higher than one meter. Strawberries grow best in light, sandy, slightly acidic soil.
For better ripening, use a drip irrigation system, with regular morning watering, you will achieve excellent growth and maturation. However, be careful not to overdo it: excess moisture will attract pathogens. Stop at the "golden" mean. When flowering and fruiting occurs, moisture ingress on the plant is contraindicated.
Landing according to the scheme of 15-20 centimeters. Leave three outlets on the bush. The mother bush will withstand up to five shoots, as a result, 15 outlets are obtained.
In the absence of snow, it is frost-resistant up to -15 degrees, in the presence of it - from -25 to -40 degrees.
Thus, without using specific knowledge, having industriousness and a focus on obtaining results, you are quite capable of growing a wonderful harvest, which can be used to diversify the "vitamin" table in the winter months.