An excellent berry, currant - vitamin, fragrant, healthy! It is difficult to imagine even a small garden without her bushes. Beautiful clusters of white, yellow, red, pink and black berries are an undoubted decoration, both of the garden itself and the harvest of horticultural crops. With proper care, a bucket of berries is harvested from one bush! And when and how to plant currants in order to get healthy shrubs that give a plentiful, tasty and healthy harvest?
- Choosing seedlings
- Preparing the landing site
- Currant planting technology
- Follow-up care
Currant bushes are long-livers among fruit and berry crops. They begin to bear fruit in the second year, and already in the third and fourth years they give a full harvest. With competent and attentive care, they can bear fruit for up to 15 years.
The best planting time is early autumn. Currants are planted with seedlings, it is best if they are two years old. For reliable rooting, such a shoot must have at least three skeletal roots. If the seedling is purchased in a pot, then it must be taken out of the pot without fail to check the root system.
Currants are very often affected by various fungal diseases. Therefore, for planting, it is best to choose varieties that are resistant to such diseases.
Also varieties must be released, i.e. suitable for a certain climatic region of growth. Breeders who are engaged in the cultivation of currant bushes have developed varieties that meet all the requirements of gardeners.
Preparing the landing site
Currant bushes are best planted in a permanent place in mid-autumn - in the second half of October. For planting, you need to choose a sunny place, since all varieties of currants love the sun. But we should not forget that all varieties of currants love moisture. Therefore, it must be provided with a sufficient amount of water. But the soil should not be swampy, because currants easily get sick with fungal diseases. Therefore, the soil for currant bushes must be well drained.
Currant planting technology
Pits for planting currant bushes are dug at a distance of 1.5 - 2 meters from each other. A sufficient amount of a mixture of humus, potassium sulfate and superphosphate should be placed in a planting pit with a diameter of 50-60 cm and a depth of 40-45 cm. This must be done a few weeks before planting the bushes so that the earth settles. Currant bushes should be planted 5 cm deeper than they were planted before transplanting.
And in order for the bush to turn out to be strong, it is advisable to cut it off when planting, leaving 10-15 cm from the ground. By the way, cut currant branches can be planted in moist soil, where they can easily take root.
We plant the seedlings obliquely, approximately at an angle of 45 degrees. The deep and inclined planting guarantees the formation of additional roots and fresh shoots from the root collar and buds of the covered part of the stem. This is how a developed, powerful bush with many strong branches is formed. With a direct normal planting, the bush turns out to be single-stem. The sapling should be carefully spread the roots, sprinkle with earth, slightly compact the soil, water (half a bucket on the bush), then completely fill the hole. We form a hole around the bush and water again. We mulch the soil with humus to avoid the appearance of a crust. If the weather is dry, the plants are watered after a few days and mulched again.
It is necessary to water the currants regularly. Drying out of the soil, even once allowed, will lead to a decrease in yield and crushing of berries. Under each bush, you need to pour 3-5 buckets of water at a time.
To achieve good yields, currant bushes are formed. Initially, after planting, all branches are cut, leaving up to 5 buds on the shoot. In adult plants, the old five-six-year-old branches are replaced with powerful young ones, and extra one-year shoots are also removed. A bush with a wide base should be formed. The wider it is, the lighter and freer the middle of the bush, the better and more even the fruiting of the whole plant, and not just its peripheral branches, as usually happens with excessive thickening. The presence of 16-20 powerful branches of different ages indicates that the bush is formed correctly.
The roots should be protected from freezing. To do this, in the fall, the bush is sprinkled with earth, and the trunk circle is sprinkled with compost, peat. It is better to place currants not along the perimeter of the site, but in a separate specially designated place. It is convenient to plant in rows with a distance of 2 m in summer cottages and 3 m in industrial plantings. For cross-pollination, it is recommended to combine different inter-pollinated varieties on the site. This will increase yields.
Having planted currants in his garden, not a single gardener regretted it. Good luck with improving your growing of this plant!