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How to care for currants


Many summer residents on the site can see currant bushes, but not every summer resident can boast that these bushes give a rich harvest. Perhaps the fact is that the gardener simply does not know how to care for currants. Any plant in the garden must be constantly looked after, only then will it thank its owner with a generous harvest.

Content:

  • Basic rules of care
  • Garden tricks for caring for black currant
  • Care for red, white and golden currants and hybrids

Currants begin to bear fruit as early as the second year after planting, and after three years a pretty decent harvest can be harvested from young bushes. Gardeners need to know that old bushes that are more than 15 years old already give much less fruit, so the bushes need to be updated in a timely manner. If the bushes are located too close to each other, then they will receive less light, nutrition, and, therefore, the harvest from thickened plantings will be poor.

How to care for currants to get a good harvest every year?

Basic rules of care

  • it is necessary to regularly loosen the bushes;
  • destroy weeds;
  • fertilize the soil;
  • cut off dead branches;
  • protect against diseases and pests;
  • update old bushes with new ones.

Throughout the summer, the soil in the bed with currants should be loose, but loosening must be done carefully so as not to damage the roots of the currants, which are often located close to the ground. Frequent loosening can be dispensed with if a layer of organic mulch of about 5 cm is spread under the bushes. While the garden is young, currant bushes require shading, they do not tolerate heat well.

In the spring, after the snow has melted, the roots of the currants begin to grow actively, they have enough nutrition and moisture, but in dry summer weather they need watering about once every 5 days, the water for irrigation should be warm. Many gardeners make a common mistake - watering the bush from above, this is wrong, since wetting the leaves can lead to the development of powdery mildew.

Garden tricks for caring for black currant

There are horticultural societies where black currants are heavily affected by powdery mildew and glassy mildew. In this case, they resort to special agrotechnical methods of cultivation.

First reception

First of all, three-year branches are annually cut out from currants, preventing the appearance of branches older than this age. Then dill and garlic are planted around the currant bushes, the earth is mulched. But this is applied after the bushes are formed.

It is better to form them within three years. The most impatient gardeners, of course, take two years. To do this, currant cuttings are planted at once in 3 copies in a prepared pit filled with compost. The seedlings are laid almost horizontally, with a slight slope. In autumn, the entire growth is cut off, about 3 buds are left on each young bush.

In May, strong young shoots will appear, which also need to be cut low in the fall.

Further, all care comes down to pruning weak branches and three-year ones, annual mulch renewal, and garlic replanting. Dill itself will win a place under the currant bushes.

Reception second

If in Siberia currants bear fruit on five-year-old branches and older, then it is clearly less adapted to the southern growing zones. Therefore, the Morozov method can be applied. In this case, the currants are planted in two rows. This year, annual shoots are left in the same row, which bear fruit successfully. Then they are cut low in the fall. The next year, the harvest is removed from another row, where one-year-old currant branches are left. In the fall, they are also cut off.

A smart method that solves both "southern" problems: the glass case does not have time to gnaw out the wood, and the fungi do not get anything either. Planting bushes can be dense, since the annual alternation of regrown branches will not interfere with their development.

Care for red, white and golden currants and hybrids

These crops are less susceptible to glass attack. The main crop of currants is obtained not on one-year-old branches, but on 2-4-year-old branches. The annual growth rate is much less than that of black currant.

For a more lush growth of bushes in one planting pit filled with compost, it is advisable to plant three bushes. Rejuvenation of the bushes is simply necessary, otherwise the bushes will soon die.

Yoshts and kronals (hybrids of currants and gooseberries) generally yield only after four years of cultivation. They throw out powerful growths, which must be constantly held by pinching. Now they are not very popular, they have been preserved mainly in old gardens.

So, the main features of currant care are watering, regular rejuvenation of the shoots from the roots and special agricultural practices to curb the spread of diseases and pests. The methods described are not very labor intensive, but they still require your participation annually.


Watch the video: FREE Fruit Plants. 2 EASY Ways To Take Cuttings Of Currant Bushes (January 2022).