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Early varieties of strawberries


Thanks to their excellent adaptability, strawberries are grown all over the world. Lovers of this tasty and healthy berry usually grow zoned varieties on their site, among which there are obligatory early-ripening, mid-ripening, late-ripening and remontant varieties. In addition, strawberries are the most expensive berry in our markets and many are trying to sell them in order to somehow replenish their budget.

Content:

  • Choosing an early strawberry variety
  • We do business with strawberries
  • Landing
  • Care
  • Pollination
  • Diseases

Choosing an early strawberry variety

So, the early varieties of strawberries: Desna, Honey, Eriglou, Zenga Zengana, Olvia, Kent, Flamingo, Fraser, Salute, Bereginya and, of course, many other. You cannot call any of the varieties the best, they all have their own advantages. For example, "Kent" ripens at the end of May, "Olvia" is resistant to strawberry mites, "Zephyr" gives a good harvest in the first year, "Honey" (American variety) has many advantages, but is not frost-resistant. Berries of various early varieties have different colors, shapes, taste, and yield.

Joseph Mohammed

The variety easily withstands drought and severe frost thanks to its powerful root system. The dark red oval berries have a delicate flesh and a sweet and sour taste. The berries are medium-sized. Maturation is amicable.

Alba

The bright red berries are large in size, remaining throughout the entire fruiting period. Alba is characterized by resistance to pests and diseases, excellent transportability.

Octave

The variety is characterized by a strong aroma, juicy pulp and firm skin. Easy to transport.

Marishka

Burgundy berries with a greenish tip have a strong aroma and flavor of wild strawberries. They have an incredible sweetness that no other varieties have. Mariska is not afraid of diseases and dry weather.

Kama

Winter-hardy variety. May be mottled. This variety has a little secret.

Unripe berries have the usual sweet-sour strawberry flavor, while fully ripe berries acquire a strawberry flavor and aroma.

Marvelous

The berries are large, have a strawberry aroma and a unique taste that cannot be confused with other varieties. Doesn't lose sweetness even in rainy weather. The berries are excellently transported. The variety is resistant to high frost and drought. Fruiting is abundant, extended.

Olbia

This variety is highly regarded by gardeners. Large berries are characterized by juicy and aromatic pulp with a harmonious taste. They have a high yield and transportability, have a presentation. The plant is resistant to drought and fungal diseases.

We do business with strawberries

If you sell strawberries, then, without a doubt, the biggest income you will receive is selling strawberries of early varieties, because over the long winter people manage to miss this delicious delicacy and are happy to buy strawberries for their children and for themselves, despite the high cost.

In order to sell strawberries at the highest prices, it is best to use a greenhouse. Growing strawberries in a greenhouse will help you harvest 2 months earlier than usual.

Greenhouse cultivation of strawberries

Landing

It is necessary to plan planting in a greenhouse in advance: a year before the intended planting, the soil is fertilized with peat and humus. Before planting seedlings, mineral fertilizers are used.

For planting, take last year's mustache rosettes, which have a well-developed root system. All leaves are removed from them and stored in a room with a temperature of -2 degrees C. Seedlings are planted in a greenhouse in October-November using a 25x30 centimeters scheme.

If you want to get an early harvest (in mid-March), then use artificial lighting for 8-10 hours. Without illumination, the berries will ripen much later - in early April.

Care

From the moment the plants bloom, the greenhouse should be regularly ventilated to prevent strawberry diseases. But at the same time, it is necessary to gradually increase the air temperature. Otherwise, flowering will be delayed.

The bushes are regularly watered, but the water should not be allowed to get on the flowers and berries.

For fast and high-quality fruiting, it is recommended to feed strawberries with carbon dioxide.
Humidity is also important. When planting, it should be 80-85%. It is gradually reduced, bringing it up to 70% during flowering.

Twice a month, plants need to be fed by dissolving potassium salt (10 grams), ammonium nitrate (40 grams) and superphosphate (40 grams) in a bucket of water.

Pollination

If you have not purchased self-pollinated varieties, then you will have to do artificial pollination in order to get a bountiful harvest. To do this, using a soft brush (a school brush is suitable for paints), pollen is transferred from one flower to another. You can use a fan for this purpose, directing an air stream to the flowers.

Diseases

Gray rot brings many problems, from which it is very difficult to heal the plant. To prevent it, you should spray the bushes with a fungicide and avoid too high humidity.

Even if you do not have early varieties of strawberries, you can accelerate the ripening of other varieties by two weeks if you cover them with a film for the winter (namely, a film, and not a covering material), and in the spring, when the time for frost has passed, remove the film.


Watch the video: Growing Strawberries - The Spring Months - 2 of 2 - Yoders Farm (December 2021).