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Film for strawberries


No one will argue that everyone loves strawberries, both children and adults. Growing strawberries on an industrial scale is troublesome but profitable. With proper care, the plantation owner receives up to 20-30 tons of berries per hectare per season. However, to obtain such a crop, one should know the characteristics and requirements for the care of this crop.

Content:

  • Film selection: manufacturer, color, dimensions
  • Planting seedlings: tips and tricks

Good soil is of great importance for a rich and high-quality harvest. But it is destroyed by rain, wind, sun, wind and other natural factors. Therefore, in order to preserve the integrity of the soil structure and protect it from the rapidly growing weed, a special plastic film for strawberries is used as a protective material, which is also called mulch film.

Film selection: manufacturer, color, size

The purchase of mulching film must be approached with full responsibility and in accordance with your requirements for the timing of growing strawberries. For this culture, a special polyethylene film is used. There is a large selection of films and manufacturers. Chinese-made films usually have a promised lifespan of 3 years. But it is also rarely kept. Best quality film from Israel.

There are also films of various colors, and it is the color that affects the growth of the strawberry. On the basis of numerous studies, it has been found that a dark strawberry film promotes better soil heating, as well as an earlier obtaining of a good harvest. When using a white mulch film, the soil warms up less, which leads to a slight slowdown in the growth of strawberries. In Europe, the use of films of other colors, and even two-color ones, is practiced.

There are also proposals for films with round holes already made in it, which is very convenient for planting, but, possibly, reduces its service life at a higher price.

Film thickness and width also matter. It is desirable that the thickness of the mulching film is at least 40-50 microns. And the width of the canvas depends on the width of the ridge and the number of rows of strawberries that are planned to be planted in one bed. Usually two rows are planted, but some gardeners practice more.

If polyethylene film is used as a mulching material, then usually strawberries are watered by the drip method. Since other types of irrigation will be difficult.

To do this, immediately before covering the soil with a mulch film, it is necessary to prepare the soil by cleaning it from weeds and any diseases and lay drip irrigation hoses. Using strawberry film will not only help you get a high yield, but will also significantly reduce manual labor.

Planting seedlings: tips and tricks

You should decide on the type of strawberry seedlings. It comes with a closed (in pots) or open root system (frigo seedlings or just dug out). If the seedlings are in pots, it is convenient to use a film with round holes (if there is no film with holes, you can make them yourself with a wallpaper knife or scissors).

You can make holes in the ground with a pipe having the diameter of a pot. We hammer the pipe into the ground, then pull it out, shake out the ground, and put a strawberry bush together with a lump in the formed hole. It is recommended to make a mark or retainer on the pipe to adhere to the desired hole depth. The order of planting: we make a bed, cover it with black film with ready-made holes, fix the film at the ends of the ridge. Then we make holes in the ground, plant the seedlings. When planting, the main thing to remember is where the drip irrigation tube is located under the film, in order to avoid damaging it.

Planting strawberries without a pot on mulch film is more difficult. The holes in the film are made with a knife, not necessarily round, but cruciform. Then the roots of the seedling are tucked neatly into the ground into the prepared hole.

We make the ridges of arbitrary length, the width depends on the number of rows. There is a distance of at least 40 cm between the ridges. Some gardeners put straw on the film, this does not allow the roots of plants to overheat. The berry on such a shelter will be clean, without weeds, and will not be affected by diseases. Strawberries planted in this way do not require weeding, loosening, frequent watering, whiskers do not take root, they are easy to cut.

The beds should be raised so that the water can drain freely when it rains, and does not form puddles.

At the end of fruiting, the film is removed, dried and rolled into a roll until next year. The straw is collected. Old and diseased leaves are removed from strawberries, treated with drugs for diseases or a solution of potassium permanganate.

It is recommended to sow the aisles with grass or rapeseed, then weeds do not grow. Or mechanically weed. Greens that have grown on the aisles by autumn will be an excellent fertilizer if you just plug it into the soil with a hoe. When it gets colder, you can cover the strawberry bushes with the remaining straw.

Conclusion: planting strawberries on film makes it possible to get pure marketable products of the highest quality, greatly simplify the process of caring for the crop, get a harvest earlier and increase yield indicators up to 20%.


Watch the video: Strawberry. Kaiveesum Kaatre. Making Video. Uthara Unnikrishnan (January 2022).