A gift from Moldova is a long-known variety of pepper, deservedly popular with summer residents, its description, photos and reviews about it make you want to grow just such a beautiful and tasty vegetable on your site.
History of appearance
The variety was bred in 1973, at the Moldovan Research Institute of Irrigated Agriculture and Vegetable Growing. The starting material for creating the variety was the hybrid Line 115/60 and the White Kapia variety.
Where can you grow
The State Register does not establish restrictions on the regions where the Podarok Moldova variety can be grown, it is grown in any climatic conditions, excluding subarctic ones.
Pepper is suitable for growing outdoors, in greenhouses and greenhouses, on the balcony and even on a well-lit windowsill.
Description and characteristics of the variety
The plant is of medium height, compact, strong, it does not need to be tied up. The crown width is within 40 cm. The root system is well developed. The leaves of the plants are small, there are not very many of them on the stems.
Since internodes are short, a large number of fruits are tied. Their disposition is wilted, they do not interfere with each other.
Description of fruits
Peppers of the Podarok Moldova variety have a beautiful conical shape. In a state of technical maturity, the color of the fruit is dark green, as it ripens, it changes to brown, in a state of biological maturity - to dark scarlet.
Fruits are thick-walled, juicy, with a pronounced aroma, their length can reach 12 cm, weight - 110 g. It can be eaten when fully ripe and in a state of technical maturity.
Fruiting of the bushes lasts about a month, the harvest is harvested in 4-5 visits.
What are the advantages of the variety
Only numerous advantages allow the Gift of Moldova pepper to adequately withstand the competition from varieties and hybrids that regularly appear on the market.
The advantages of the variety are:
- ease of care;
- undemanding to climatic conditions;
- compactness of plants, the possibility of a more dense planting;
- no need for a garter, formation of a bush, removal of stepsons;
- innate immunity to common diseases of pepper, genetic resistance to fusarium and verticillosis;
- good seed germination;
- the ability to collect seeds on your own, because the Gift of Moldova is not a hybrid;
- excellent presentation, keeping quality, good safety during transportation.
Let's watch an interesting video about the Gift of Moldova pepper variety:
Are there any disadvantages
There are practically no mentions of shortcomings in the reviews about the Gift of Moldova pepper.
If we take into account the common ones that are characteristic of all varieties, then it can be indicated that for a high yield of a plant, it will be required:
- landing in a well-lit area;
- systematic watering;
- in a greenhouse - maintaining air humidity and a stable temperature.
The taste of pepper can be called excellent, it has a sweetish taste and light aroma.
The purpose of the fruits is universal, they can be used:
- raw for making salads;
- for stuffing and preparing first courses;
- for homemade preparations, ketchups, lecho, adjika.
Peppers can be preserved as a whole, because when exposed to high temperatures, it does not lose color and shape. It can also be frozen whole, dried.
How to grow seedlings
The climatic conditions in most of Russia suggest a seedling method of growing pepper. Only in the South can seeds be sown directly into the ground.
The timing of sowing seeds should be calculated taking into account the fact that peppers germinate slowly, to get full seedlings it will take at least 100 days, i.e. sowing pepper can be started from mid-February.
For seedlings, it is better to use individual containers, this will allow you to do without diving.
For disinfection of seeds, you can use a solution of potassium permanganate; biostimulants Epin or Zircon will help accelerate germination. Presoaking the seeds increases the germination rate.
There are no special requirements for the soil, you can use one that is intended for growing nightshade crops, or universal, with the addition of humus and river sand to it. When preparing the soil, you can add a little wood ash or crushed chalk to it.
Containers for pepper seedlings are not deep. The seeds are not laid out densely, about 4-5 cm should be left between the rows, the seeds are placed in the rows at a distance of 2 cm.
For active germination of seeds, it will be necessary to place containers with crops in a greenhouse, the optimum temperature is +25 + 28 C. To retain moisture, the container is covered with glass or film, aired daily for half an hour.
After the emergence of seedlings, the seedlings are grown at a temperature not lower than + 16 C, the duration of daylight hours should not be less than 12 hours. If necessary, apply additional lighting. The soil is kept in a state of moderate moisture, otherwise there will be a threat of infection by fungal diseases, in particular, black leg.
Watering and sprinkling is carried out with warm, settled water. Seedlings are fed twice, you can use Nitrofoska or Azofoska.
One and a half weeks before planting in the ground, the seedlings begin to harden, while it is necessary to ensure that the direct rays of the sun do not fall on the plants.
Peppers are planted that have reached a height of 18-20 cm, when they have 8-10 true leaves. The presence of flowers on a plant is not an obstacle to planting.
Let's watch a useful video about that. how to grow quality pepper seedlings:
Landing in the ground
You can plant plants in the ground in late May-early June, when the threat of frost disappears, and the ground in the beds warms up to + 15 C.
A place for a garden bed is chosen well-lit by the sun, preferably protected from the north side. Peppers should not be planted in lowlands where there is a threat of rainwater accumulation. You should also avoid planting seedlings on heavy clayey soils with high acidity.
Seedlings should not be planted near other nightshade plants. The best predecessors of pepper are carrots, cabbage, zucchini, radishes. You can not have beds with a sweet and bitter variety next to it, crops can be pollinated, as a result, the sweet variety can acquire unwanted bitterness.
When planting, the plants are placed according to the scheme 40x50 cm (or 25x60 with the wide-row method) per 1 sq. M. 5-6 bushes can be planted.
Before planting, you can add a handful of humus to the holes. After planting, the pepper is poured abundantly with settled warm water.
The beds on which the pepper is planted should be weeded every two weeks, loosened after each watering. The option using mulch will allow you to abandon the systematic loosening of the soil.
Growing peppers in greenhouses will require high-quality ventilation. stale, too humid air will promote the development of pathogens.
Agronomists do not recommend cutting off some of the leaves after the ovaries appear, but ripening fruits should be removed in a timely manner, this will prolong the fruiting period.
The Podarok Moldova variety is not self-pollinated, therefore it is recommended to spray it with diluted sugar syrup during flowering.
Pepper is a moisture-loving plant, it is watered as the soil dries up, preferably in the evening. The water is used settled, warm.
About 10-12 days before harvesting, watering is stopped, otherwise the fruits will be too watery, their taste will not be high.
Since the yield of the variety is high, the plants will definitely need additional feeding, but moderate, an excess of fertilizer will only harm.
During the season of feeding, there should be 3:
- The first - 15-18 days after planting in the ground, fertilizers should contain nitrogen. It can be urea (carbamide) or ammonium sulfate, 10-15 g of them will be required for 10 liters of water. A solution of fresh cow dung, infusion of nettle leaves is also used. Fertilizers are applied in liquid form, 1 liter per bush, after abundant watering.
- The second - 20 days after the first. Use a solution of potassium sulfate or simple superphosphate (15-20 g per 10 L of water). You can add complex funds: Kemira-Lux, Agricola. From natural remedies, an infusion of ash can be recommended.
- The third is produced during the period of fruit ripening, fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus are used.
Despite the resistance of the variety to a number of diseases, if the growing conditions are not observed, the plants may be damaged by fungi that cause putrefactive processes.
If the disease is noticed in a timely manner, then treatment with fungicides will help get rid of it:
- other preparations containing copper.
It is recommended to spray the bushes and the soil around them. A small amount of potassium permanganate can be added to the water for irrigation.
Aphids can cause significant harm to pepper bushes: its numerous colonies feed on the juice of young leaves and shoots, the affected parts of the plant wither, dry, lose leaves.
For prophylaxis, it is recommended to spray pepper with infusions:
- tobacco crumbs;
- orange peel;
- garlic and onions;
These funds will help if there are not very many pests. With significant damage, Aktar and Aktellik, Confidor, Intavir are used. Spraying is carried out several times with an interval of 5 days.
An equally serious pest is slugs. If there are few of them, they are collected by hand. Traps are also effective, which are containers deepened into the ground with sugar syrup, beer, and pieces of cabbage.
The pepper variety “Gift of Moldova” is deservedly popular among vegetable growers: it has excellent taste, is well transported and stored, it can be sold on the market and prepared in different ways for the winter.