The Gala potato variety was created in Germany by NORIKA and entered the official Russian register in 2008. One of the originators of the variety is the KRiMM company from Russia. Due to its good taste and yield, the crop quickly gained popularity.
Description of Gala potatoes
Gala potatoes easily adapt to natural and climatic conditions, grows in chernozem, loamy, sandy loam soils, suitable for growing in Russia, Ukraine and the Republic of Belarus. The variety has good resistance to mechanical damage.
Gala potatoes retain their taste and appearance characteristics under long-term storage conditions. Tubers that do not have mechanical damage do not deteriorate for a long period. These characteristics made the variety popular in the market.
When boiled, it does not crumble, retains its shape and color. The vegetable pulp contains a small amount of starch - about 12% of the tuber weight. The variety can be included in the diet due to its high carotene content.
Growing and care
Correct planting of Gala potatoes will guarantee high yields.
For planting, it is recommended to choose healthy tubers, without damage. The diameter of the planting potato should be at least 3 cm. Larger tubers retain more nutrients that are necessary for normal root growth.
Before planting, it is recommended to briefly place the seeds in the open air, direct sunlight causes the skin to coarse and turn green, which stimulates the growth of shoots.
Also, ultraviolet rays are the best disinfection, destroying pathogenic microorganisms. Shoots longer than 1 cm can break off during planting, so it is advisable to plant potatoes with shorter shoots.
Pre-planting treatment of seeds from diseases and pests turns out to be effective. It is also helpful to sprinkle wood ash on the tubers.
The choice of planting period depends on the climate of a particular region. You can not plant potatoes in cold ground, it is recommended to wait until the end of the night frosts. If you plant potatoes ahead of time, it will not sprout faster; under favorable conditions, it will grow roots.
The Gala variety is not picky about the soil, but the best option would be a loose, light soil - sandy loam. In dense clay soils, yields will be worse, dense soil will make it difficult for potatoes to grow. In such conditions, many fruits grow, but they will be deformed and small.
When planting in heavy soil, add sand, compost, humus or straw, dry grass.
The distance between the planting holes should be about 60 cm, between the rows - at least 50 cm.Do not put more than one potato in one hole, otherwise it will negatively affect the yield. The depth of the landing pits should not exceed 15 centimeters, which is approximately equal to the length of half the bayonet of the shovel.
The Gala variety does not tolerate high humidity, so it should not be planted on wet marshy soils and near water bodies.
Watering the potatoes is often not required; in the heat, it is necessary to moisten the soil by pouring about 2 liters of water under the bush. Watering can be done with a spray hose.
Hilling is an important procedure that can increase yields. This procedure protects the root system from damage and allows it to grow unhindered. When hilling, sprinkle the stems with soil from all sides.
Two hilling operations are carried out per season. The first after the emergence of shoots, the second - after large irrigation or rain. In a drought, it is advisable to loosen the soil and weed.
Potatoes are sensitive to top dressing. Organic matter and mineral fertilizers need to be applied to the soil. It is important to adhere to the dosage and meet the deadlines.
In autumn, it is necessary to add 5-7 kg of rotted manure and 15 g of sodium sulfate per square meter to the soil.
In spring, peat, ammonium nitrate and potassium sulfate should be added to the soil.
In the summer, you can feed chicken droppings.
Prepare the solution as follows:
- Water is poured into a wooden or plastic barrel.
- For every 10 liters of water add 500 g of dry chicken manure.
- Leave the contents for 5 days for fermentation. The solution is stirred periodically.
- To reduce the amount of evaporating nitrogen, the barrel is tightly covered with plastic wrap and tied.
The resulting solution should have the color of tea. Then it is diluted with half of water. For feeding one bush, 1 liter of infusion is used. Feeding is carried out after heavy rain or after abundant watering. To avoid burns from exposure to nitrogenous compounds, the bush is watered with water after feeding.
Top dressing and watering are best done in the evening.
Diseases and pests, drugs to combat them
Although Gala is distinguished by good resistance to diseases, it is still impossible to exclude the threat of a decrease in yield, or even the death of bushes, due to the influence of pathogens.
To some extent, the Gala potato variety is susceptible to infection with fungal diseases:
- late blight,
- black leg
Due to the excess of aluminum and iron compounds in the soil and with a lack of phosphorus or potassium, high dryness of the soil, potatoes can be affected by rusting of tubers, and a disease such as spotting can be observed.
Insects can harm the crop:
- potato moth.
For the treatment of fungal diseases, drugs are used such as:
It is more difficult to deal with pests such as bears and wireworms. The best way out of the situation is to change the landing site. But it is still necessary to take all possible pest control measures, because they will damage other crops.
Harvesting and storage
You can harvest the crop after it has been in the soil for eighty days. It is recommended to trim the tops before digging.
In cold climates, you need to remove the tops two weeks before harvesting so that the tubers stop growing and their skin hardens - this allows them to extend their shelf life.
It is better to store potatoes in a dry cellar with a temperature of about +5 C. For storage, you need to choose intact tubers, the same ones that have defects are recommended to be eaten first.
Pros and cons of the variety
- Unpretentious cultivation;
- High productivity;
- Increased resistance to disease;
- High palatability.
Disadvantages: if the potatoes are overexposed in the ground, the threat of fungal diseases affecting the tubers will significantly increase, especially if the air temperature is low and the humidity is high.
Gala potatoes are in demand not only because of their high taste. Growers are attracted by the simplicity of its cultivation. Observing the simple rules of planting and care, the gardener will provide himself with a rich harvest, which will be successfully stored all winter. The variety can be planted in almost any region of Russia.