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Carnation herb, planting and care in the open field, plant features and characteristics of popular varieties


Gardeners are very fond of carnation herbaceous, since thanks to it you can decorate gardens, parks, alpine slides, giving the site an unusual design.

For plants to be a real decoration, it is important to know the small nuances of agricultural technology.

Consider how planting and care in the open field for a carnation herb is carried out, tips for creating landscape design and culture features.

Content:

  • Carnation herbal, description and photo
  • Popular varieties, their features when they bloom
  • Carnation herb, planting by seeds and care in the open field
  • Growing herbs in a pot
  • Vegetative propagation of a plant
  • Growing from seedlings
  • Application in landscape design
  • Prevention of pests and diseases

Carnation herbal, description and photo

The plant belongs to a perennial culture and a ground cover species.

The carnation develops and grows within four to six years.

External data:

  • the shrub is forty centimeters high;
  • many stems grow on the bush at the same time;
  • leaf width - about one millimeter, sharp shape;
  • there is one bud on each shoot;
  • the colors are different, it all depends on the type of plant, purple, pink and white are most often observed (sometimes there are two or three-color buds, or a combination of one color, but a different shade);
  • there are fruits in the form of a box, where the seed ripens.

For cultivation, it is better to use a hill and sandy soil, the flower does not need special care, the advantage is good disease resistance.

Popular varieties, their features when they bloom

Most popular are low-growing varieties, two-color and contrasting. Large bushes are used to decorate rose gardens, flower beds and parks.

Popular varieties include those listed in the table.

VarietyDescription, features
Diamond

Its advantage is early flowering, unpretentiousness and compactness.

The height of the bush ranges from 15 to 20 centimeters. Shoots of a bluish tint, branching.

The inflorescences are small, red-crimson, in the center is a bright burgundy ring. The flower blooms in mid-May or early June, and blooms until the end of summer.

Used for decoration

Confetti

The bushes are dense with branchy shoots, small, about fifteen centimeters high.

The buds are one and a half centimeters in diameter, jaggedness is present on the edges.

The color of the flower is dark red, shine is present.

Shrubs are dotted with inflorescences. The flowering period falls on the month of May and ends in early September.

The variety is resistant to cold

Shrimp

In this case, the bushes are spreading, their height is 15-20 centimeters.

Leaves and stems are green, with a pleasant blue bloom. There is a small fluff.

The buds have small teeth at the edges, the color is pink, inside the flower there is a burgundy ring.

The flowering period begins in June and ends in August, blooms profusely throughout the entire time

White Red

The flowers are undersized, the height of the peduncle is fifteen centimeters.

The buds are small, have a rich spicy aroma.

The color is white, the core is crimson or dark pink.

The culture blooms from June to the last days of August

Each variety is unpretentious and does not require special agronomic skills.

Carnation herb, planting by seeds and care in the open field

There is a certain technology:

  • Preparatory work is carried out in the last days of April or early May.
  • As a preventive measure, the soil is treated with an antifungal agent, this will protect the culture from diseases and insects.
  • When preparing the soil, sand should prevail.
  • Seeds are planted in confined flowerpots.

Carnation is a thermophilic plant. In the room where the flowerpots are, the optimal temperature is considered from plus 16 to plus 20 degrees.

The temperature regime during the growing of seeds should not fluctuate for fourteen days. Thanks to this, the sprouts will get stronger, the best germination is observed.

Seedlings are ready for planting in open soil when four full paired leaves are formed on the stem. Sowing is carried out in open ground after the end of frost. If the weather does not stabilize in any way, it is better to leave the seedlings in a greenhouse or greenhouse.

Florists rarely use seed planting, since the process takes time and the result is not always positive.

During sowing, the carnation can grow in different colors, if the seeds are planted close to each other, the shoots will be poor. Minor weed or lack of nutrients will kill the seeds.

Care requirements are minimal. Watering is mandatory, but a measure is needed in everything, excessive filling of the soil will lead to rotting of the root system and even the death of the flower.

It is worth monitoring the stagnation of water, watering in doses.

The next moment is fertilization. It is important to act in a comprehensive manner - in the early spring, fertilizing is added to the soil, which includes phosphorus and nitrogen, and in the summer season, calcium and magnesium are used as fertilizers, and iron-based mixtures are introduced as an additional agent.

Closer to winter, the bush is formed. Some varieties need light wrapping for the winter.

Observing all the rules, growing plants will not cause difficulties, but will delight your own with abundant flowering and aroma.

Let's watch a useful video about carnation herb, planting and caring for a plant:

Growing herbs in a pot

There are no varieties of indoor carnation, they are all created for growing in the garden and open field. However, some types of this crop can be used for growing at home.

Carnation herb is not grown in flowerpots. This variety is ground cover, so it cannot be transplanted or otherwise manipulated.

Gardening experts recommend using Chinese cloves for these purposes, as well as the varieties Grenadines, Shabo and Geddevig.

Vegetative propagation of a plant

Vegetative propagation of a flower is propagation by dividing a bush. This method is very good, since the procedure does not cause any difficulties. Manipulations are carried out in the spring.

The shrub is carefully dug up and divided into uniform parts so as not to injure the roots and shoots.

The resulting seedlings are dropped into a dedicated area, poured with water, mulched and further looked after, as it should be for this crop.

Such a carnation has the ability to root in the nodes, so it is also propagated by layering. The procedure is carried out at the end of May, beginning of June. At the main bush, the shoot is folded and added dropwise, sprinkling with soil and securing it with a bracket.

It is necessary to dig in the layering so that the top of the head remains outside, above the ground. Watered, and mulch to retain moisture, for example, using agrofibre. By the next spring, the cuttings will have strong roots, and the young plants are separated from the mother bush.

Let's watch a useful video about herbal carnation:

Growing from seedlings

Before planting seedlings, the first thing to do is to select the appropriate site. Carnation is a heat-loving and sun-loving plant, therefore, a carnation should be planted in a flower bed or flower garden so that other crops do not shade it.

The flower can grow in the shade, but development will be slow and the number of buds is half as much.

The temperature regime is also important. On the street for planting, the optimum temperature is considered plus 15 degrees.

The earth is dug up, leveled, weeds are removed. Dig holes fifteen centimeters deep. Seedlings are planted at a distance of 30 cm. At the end of the procedure, watering is carried out.

Application in landscape design

Carnation is often used to decorate city parks, alpine slides, rose gardens and create landscape compositions. The flower goes well with other shrubs and flowers, adding its own zest and beauty. When creating an artificial landscape, plants are perfectly combined with stones and other elements.

Due to the fact that the flower is of short stature, it is used in the landscape to create multi-level flower beds or other complex structures. Also, professional gardeners use this type simultaneously with lawn grass, alternating it when planting or replacing it altogether.

As a composition, a flower can be planted near a fence or stone structures, an attractive appearance will attract attention and set off the rough look of these structures.

This culture is used to decorate garden paths, from which a natural border is obtained, flowers are an excellent addition to decorative tiles.

Since carnation is a perennial culture, every year the design will become more beautiful, giving naturalness and charm to the site.

Prevention of pests and diseases

Prevention of diseases and pests should be carried out regularly so that the root system and external indicators of the flower are not affected. The following manipulations are recommended.

The earwig and the bear loves to eat young shoots and roots. As a prophylaxis against these pests, it is necessary to perform the following steps: dig a site in the fall, spread manure in shallow holes, which acts as a bait for a bear (the bait is laid in winter).

There is another trap for earwigs. Put a wooden board on the site, and wet grass under it. Such pests hide in such structures from the sun's rays. As soon as insects settle in the shelter, they are destroyed.

Fusarium is a plant disease associated with excess moisture accumulation. Carnation does not tolerate waterlogging, so it is worth controlling watering. As a preventive measure, it is recommended during the period of illness to reduce the amount of nitrogen fertilization and add more phosphorus and potassium. Mulch the soil using fine gravel and sand.

Remove the damaged parts of the flower, and spray the non-infected with a fungicidal solution.

To prepare the solution, ten liters of water and ten milligrams of the substance are used. Re-processing is carried out after ten to fifteen days.

Prevention of rust is to reduce watering, introduce potassium, and reduce nitrogen.

Alternaria fungal infection can be prevented by treating seed material with fungicides, and then heating it in an oven at a temperature of plus 50 degrees. Increase the dosage of potash and phosphate fertilizers. In case of infection, the plant is treated with copper oxychloride and Bordeaux liquid.

So, herbal clove is a popular perennial plant, which is famous for its unpretentiousness and presentable appearance.

If you follow all the rules during planting and care, the flower will delight its owner with tenderness and beauty for many years!


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