Guzmania is a very beautiful exotic plant with thick green leaves and unusual buds of various shapes and colors.
In this article, we will consider information about when and how a guzmania transplant is performed.
- When is a Guzmania transplant required?
- Choosing a pot and soil
- When is the best time to transplant
- How babies are transplanted
- Rules for caring for a newly planted plant
- How to cut a flower
- Guzmania: what brings to the house, superstitions and omens
- The flower has dried up: what to do, is it possible and how to save
- Is it possible to grow guzmania in the garden
When is a Guzmania transplant required?
For the plant to please the eye of the owner, appropriate care is needed. In particular, it is important to transplant this plant in a timely and correct manner, this procedure is responsible.
Due to the observance of all the rules of transplantation, an ornamental bush will remain, which will bloom for a long period.
After the guzmania is bought in the store and brought home, it is recommended to transplant it.
Read that this flower needs only one transplant, after the purchase. Most often, flower shops and florist companies sell flowering plants, so after about 6 months, the top of the flower will gradually dry out and the plant will die as a result.
When guzmania is propagated, its children need to be transplanted into a separate flowerpot, children are formed as soon as the mother bush fades, this happens in the summer season.
Let's watch an interesting video about growing and transplanting guzmania:
Choosing a pot and soil
The soil mixture in which the guzmania will be grown must have a specific composition, this is due to the characteristics of the soil on which this flower grows in nature.
In their native lands, Guzmania does not grow on ordinary land, but on old wood. When this plant is grown in a room, it is best to plant it in a ready-made substrate, sold in any flower shop. For guzmania, a soil mixture intended for bromeliad plants is suitable.
Orchid substrate is also excellent and is sold in specialized stores. Experienced experts in the cultivation of exotic flowers advise, after buying a ready-made soil mixture, add coniferous needles and crushed charcoal to it, which improve air permeability, looseness of the substrate, make it as lightweight and suitable as possible for guzmania.
The potting mix should be based on sphagnum, peat, finely chopped bark and leafy soil.
This flower has superficial roots, therefore, a pot for growing it must be selected wide and shallow. High containers often lead to rotting of the soil mixture located at the bottom of the pot; the root system simply does not reach this soil. The best option is a flowerpot, the height of which is up to 12 cm, drainage material is poured onto the bottom of the pot, with a layer thickness of 2 to 3 cm.
When is the best time to transplant
Guzmania is not demanding at the time of transplanting, however, it is recommended to transplant it in the same way as other indoor plants - in the spring, at which time the formed children have a fully formed root system.
In autumn, only those bushes are transplanted that are in special shipping pots, since after acquisition they will not have the opportunity to develop normally in this pot.
And in all other cases, it is recommended to transplant in the spring.
How babies are transplanted
Babies must develop their own, independent root system, thanks to which young plants can successfully root. It is recommended to transplant daughter sockets, which have managed to grow to a height of 10 cm or more.
It is important to transplant babies into a loose and light substrate through which water easily passes. The soil should have an acidity index of 5.5 to 7. An excellent option is a soil mixture intended for orchids and palms. In addition, a soil mixture for bromeliads is suitable; experts recommend adding a little coniferous needles and powdered charcoal to this soil, since the roots of young plants are not yet strong.
About a third of the pot is filled with some kind of drainage material, 3-4 cm of substrate are poured over the drainage, on top of which a small mound is made in the center of the soil, it is on it that the roots of a young bush are placed, neatly separated from the mother flower.
The root system is very carefully straightened, the plant is planted in a pot and a small amount of soil mixture is added, slightly shaking the flowerpot to compact the soil.
Experts do not recommend compacting the soil mixture with your hands, because a young plant has a very fragile root system that is easy to damage. When planting, it is important to ensure that the root collar is located at the level of the substrate.
Let's watch a video about a guzmania transplant:
Rules for caring for a newly planted plant
When the bush is watered for the first time, Kornevin is added to the water. The first time young plants are watered when the children are planted in a separate pot. It is important that the root system has time to breathe between waterings of the soil, therefore watering is carried out only when the soil mixture on top dries up.
Guzmania requires high humidity in the room, in order to maintain high humidity, you can spray the plant with boiled water, which should not be cold.
Or you can place a bush in a pallet, expanded clay is poured into it and moistened with water. It is important to keep it moist at all times. If the care is correct, then this plant will bloom 2-3 years after planting.
Flower care will be correct if the following conditions are met:
- air humidity must be high enough;
- it is unacceptable to place guzmania next to heating devices;
- the flower is best placed in bright, but diffused sunlight;
- the best option is in a warm room, where there is no draft;
- the best location of the plant is a western or eastern window sill; you can place it in the depth of a warm loggia, which is located on the south side of the house.
Universal fertilizers are used as fertilizers, for example, Biopon, Stimovit, Agricol. Each of them is preliminarily dissolved in water, and the bush is fed with this solution. Fertilizers are applied 4 times less than the manufacturer recommends. Guzmania is fed once a month, from May to September.
How to cut a flower
Only the sanitary method is used as trimming. Sick or dry leaves are cut with a pruner or knife. Pruning is done as close as possible to the base.
If, during pruning, living tissue forms on the stem, the place should be treated with wood ash so that fungus and pathogenic microbes do not penetrate.
Guzmania: what brings to the house, superstitions and omens
Many believe that guzmania brings a lot of good to the house.
Here are some examples:
- Green foliage disinfects and purifies indoor air.
- During the flowering period, it releases a substance that has bactericidal properties, this substance kills germs and bacteria.
- Some believe that the plant promotes a positive atmosphere in the home, and harmony in the family.
- Has a positive effect on male strength.
- Attracts material well-being.
According to the signs, gusmania enhances the disadvantages of the owners, especially if they have anger and greed. In people with allergies, the flower can cause aggravation and excessive sleepiness.
The flower has dried up: what to do, is it possible and how to save
After the buds have faded, the plant begins to lose its bright color, and subsequently dries up. This is considered to be the norm for this plant. You should not start introducing fertilizer or watering the flower vigorously, this will not help save its life.
However, you can take care of the continuation of his kind; for this, the following manipulations are performed:
- Cut off the peduncle.
- Pour water into the pan, but not into the pot.
- Eliminate periodically dried foliage.
- When completely dry, children or daughter shoots should form on the plant, which are then transplanted into a separate flowerpot.
You cannot save or reanimate the mother flower.
Is it possible to grow guzmania in the garden
Guzmania can be used not only for rooms, but also for decorating a summer garden.
The great advantage of the flower is the stickiness of its leaves, thanks to which they can quickly and easily cling to nearby objects or plants. For example, to a tree trunk, column, gazebo, fence. It can be grown hanging.
All this will give a zest to the decorative landscape, and make the garden more attractive.
So, guzmania is a rather unpretentious flower that needs a one-time transplant. If you follow these simple care tips, the plant will delight your whole family with its beauty!