The name is exotic, but the plant is less exotic than it may seem: the ginco, or ginkgo biloba is one of the oldest plants on earth, traces of it have been found in ancient fossils, but despite this the ginkgo is still present in our cities, despite its origins are remote in time and space. THE Ginkgo in fact they come from Asia, and more precisely they originate from China, where they are still grown as fruit plants.
These majestic trees find space in city gardens and parks; they are trees that reach 15-20 meters in height over the years; they have deciduous leaves, fan-shaped, light green, which become golden in autumn, before falling; in fact the ginkgo are among the last trees to lose their foliage, and among the first to sprout in spring, so they remain bare for a few months a year.
The stem is erect, and the bark is gray, very wrinkled and engraved; the young branches are perfectly parallel to the ground, perpendicular to the stem, like those of many conifers; only with the age the branches of the ginkgo biloba tend upwards, therefore the adult trees tend to have an elongated crown, with a candle flame.
Ginkgo biloba cultivation
The places of origin of this beautiful plant have a climate similar to that of Europe; therefore these trees are perfectly suited to be grown in the garden. The young specimens may need watering during periods of prolonged drought, the adult specimens, or dwelling for many years, instead, tend to be content with the rain water, without needing further treatment.
The root system has a good development, so in general they do not need fertilizing, although it is advisable to bury organic fertilizer at the base of the tree, in autumn, especially at the base of plants that have been planted for a short time. They do not require pruning or other types of treatment, and are generally not affected by pests or diseases.
The fruits of ginkgo
Ginkgo is a dioecious plant, meaning that there are male and female specimens; produces many fruits, which are consumed in China, but which are not particularly welcome in Europe. For this reason we tend to cultivate male specimens, so as not to have to manage significant quantities of fruit at the end of the summer. The problem of the fruits of this plant is in fact the smell: the fruits of Ginkgo they have a very unpleasant smell, particularly strong after the rains. Ginkgoes are also highly appreciated as outdoor bonsai, although it is necessary to grow them for many years before obtaining small foliage and foliage similar to that of ancient trees.
Ginco - Ginkgo biloba: Ginkgo in medicine
This plant has always been widely used in traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine; for many years it has also been used in herbal medicine and in medicine in Europe; its leaves are used for herbal teas and infusions, but also in the form of extracts: ginkgo biloba has strong vasodilatory properties, and is used for various types of venous problems.
Infusions and extracts are also used to improve memory, to improve circulation, in cases of physical and mental stress and as an antioxidant; even in cosmetics the properties are exploited, to improve the hydration of dry or asphyxiated skin.