It so happens that a good harvest has been grown in the country, but it turns out that there is simply nowhere to store it.
For example, this happens with carrots: there is no cellar or basement with a suitable temperature, and you cannot put much in the refrigerator.
Here the question arises about other storage options or methods of harvesting for the winter in the form of semi-finished products.
Now he will try to consider the question of how to dry carrots for the winter, whether the product loses its properties from such processing.
- What are the advantages of a dried product
- Do carrots retain their properties after drying?
- What varieties of root crops can be used for drying
- Features of the preparation process
- How to dry carrots outdoors
- How to dry carrots in a dryer
- how to dry carrots for soup in the microwave
- Heat treatment in the oven and airfryer
- Methods for determining product readiness
- Home storage options
- How and for what to use
- How to dry carrot tops
- Some interesting facts about the vegetable
What are the advantages of a dried product
Among the positive aspects of this version of the workpiece, one can note:
- the ability to choose a heat treatment option;
- the finished product has insignificant weight and volume;
- you do not need to clutter up the refrigerator, the optimal storage temperature is room temperature;
- most of the nutrients are preserved during drying;
- can be used in the preparation of most traditional dishes;
- always located directly in the kitchen;
- stored for a long period.
Considering the above factors, it is easy to conclude that drying is one of the most rational options for storing the product.
Do carrots retain their properties after drying?
The heat treatment process does not have a special effect on the quality and composition of the product. Under the influence of temperature, most of the beneficial substances are retained, in particular, carotene, which is very useful for people with impaired function of the organs of vision, with diseases of the respiratory organs.
- helps to lower blood cholesterol levels,
- supports the health of the cardiovascular system,
- reduces the risk of developing oncological processes,
- positively affects the activity of the reproductive system in men.
An invaluable component in the composition of the root vegetable is fiber, its use contributes to:
- normalization of blood glucose levels and elimination of toxins;
- improving digestion and keeping weight at night.
Vitamin C protects a person from colds and viral diseases, supports the immune system.
Folic acid maintains healthy skin, hair, teeth, and normalizes the activity of the nervous system.
The dried product can also be used to prevent:
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and heart;
- kidney and liver;
- varicose veins of the lower extremities;
- hypertension attacks.
It is not recommended to eat dried carrots in large quantities for people with gastrointestinal ulcer disease, as well as for those who have high acidity.
What root vegetables can be used for drying
It is best to select medium-sized root crops that do not have damage or birth defects, bright orange color.
As for the varieties, it is rational to take early and medium ripening, without a core, or with a soft core, without hard fibers.
Features of the preparation process
Root preparation consists of:
- in the removal of haulm
- thorough rinsing
- cleaning, removing the slightest damage
Next, the whole carrots are blanched in a saucepan of boiling water.
Blanching time can take from 10 to 20 minutes, depending on the size.
A toothpick will help to determine readiness; when piercing the fruit with it, a slight resistance should be felt.
You can choose any cutting shape, in circles or squares, straws, small cubes, you can even grate it on a coarse grater. The main thing is that the thickness of the workpiece does not exceed 0.5 cm.
If a different form of cutting is planned, it is better to prepare containers for their separate packaging. This will make it much more convenient to choose a product suitable for the preparation of a dish.
As for the drying methods itself, you can apply different methods, to choose from.
How to dry carrots outdoors
The simplest and most cost-free method of drying in the open air, in the sun. You will need to choose a place that remains not shaded throughout the day. Naturally, it should be located away from the road, playground and other potential sources of dust.
You will also need a large sieve or a spread lined with gauze. The workpieces should be laid out in one layer, closer to each other, and left in the air.
If the bottom of the dish for drying is not mesh, then periodically you will need to turn the pieces over.
We warn you right away that this option will require a lot of patience, it will take from one to two weeks for the complete evaporation of moisture from the product.
How to dry carrots in a dryer
In the dryer, the moisture removal process is much faster, depending on the dryer and the set temperature (+ 50 C is recommended), for readiness, processing will be required for 8 to 18 hours.
The prepared pieces of blanched product are laid out on non-mesh trays, the temperature is set to no more than +50 C + 55 C.
Do not forget that during the drying process, the product often loses its weight, from 9 kg of fresh carrots, about 900 g of dried carrots will turn out.
Let's watch a video on how to dry carrots in a dryer:
How to dry carrots for soup in the microwave
The product is cut into small thin pieces, dried, laid out on one paper towel, and covered with another. The bundle is placed in a microwave oven, a container of water is also placed there, a glass is enough.
Three minutes for processing will definitely take, then the degree of shrinkage will have to be checked every 30 seconds. Monitor the condition of the water in the container - it should not boil over.
Heat treatment in the oven and airfryer
The most commonly used drying method is in the oven. I put the prepared pieces on a baking sheet, set the temperature from + 65 to +80 C, it is advisable to periodically turn the pieces.
It will take about 6-8 hours to process and bring to readiness.
You can use a little trick and significantly speed up the process by dividing it into 3 steps. After processing for 20 minutes at a temperature of + 200C, the product is completely cooled, then proceeds to the next stage of heat treatment.
You can also use an airfryer to dry vegetables. The pieces are laid out on lattices in one layer. The most convenient way is to use a steamer.
In order for the moisture to evaporate more actively, you will need to create a small gap between the lid and the body, for example, insert a skewer.
The blowing speed is medium, the temperature is within +120 C. It will take about 15 minutes to obtain the finished product.
You will learn in detail about drying carrots in the oven by watching the video:
Methods for determining product readiness
The finished dried product should have approximately 15% moisture. But it is beyond the power of an inexperienced person to determine this by eye. Therefore, they resort to other control options, the pieces should not crumble, but at the same time they should be fragile.
Home storage options
If, when drying the vegetable, there was an effect of an elevated temperature, then at the end of the process, the finished product is cooled to room temperature.
For storage, if desired, glass containers can be used, i.e. cans, tin, or bags made of natural fabric.
The place should be dry and dark. The shelf life should not exceed 12 months.
Similarly, you can store other dried vegetables and fruits: apples, cherries, plums, beets, herbs, including parsley and even green onion feathers.
How and for what to use
You can use a dried vegetable when preparing both first and second courses:
- borscht and soups
- stew and porridge
- meat and fish dishes
- sweet and savory pastries
- sauces and gravies
Healing teas are also prepared from dried vegetables. But for their preparation, it is recommended to dry the carrots naturally. in the sun and in the air.
How to dry carrot tops
Knowing about the healing properties of the tops, some housewives prefer not to throw it away, but to prepare it for the winter. For drying, select only undamaged stems with leaves. They are washed very thoroughly, changing the water several times.
Then it is dried on a canvas napkin and cut into small pieces, laid out on clean paper or cloth, and placed in a dark place.
The drying process should take place at room temperature until the stems are completely dry.
The finished product is stored in glass jars, closed with glass lids or in cloth bags, in a dark cabinet.
In winter, they brew teas or make decoctions that help to cope with eye diseases, edema, and effectively purify the blood.
Some interesting facts about carrots
This vegetable is extremely loved and revered by Americans. Holtville, California, even hosts a carrot festival with the election of a queen.
On this day, tourists and guests come to the city, local chefs, both amateurs and professionals, have the opportunity to compete in the skill of cooking dishes from a bright orange vegetable.
Fights look no less picturesque, where carrots are used as projectiles or weapons.
Ancient Greek medical scientists knew about the great benefits of carrots for the body and recommended to use it for their patients.
The Slavs used a mixture of carrot juice with cow oil to treat diseases of the digestive system.
Nowadays, the vegetable is used everywhere, it is an ingredient in most dishes of different cuisines of the world. Harvesting a dried product for the winter, of course, will be useful to every housewife. After all, it is simple, quick to apply it, and you will not need to spend additional funds on vegetables that become more expensive in winter.