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Truffle, what is it, description and photo, mushroom features, interesting facts


To begin with, let's say that truffle is one of the most expensive products, its cost is about $ 2,000 - $ 5,000 per kilogram.

Of course, to find out: a truffle, what it is, and at the same time to understand the reasons for its, to put it mildly, exorbitant price will be quite interesting.

Content:

  • What is a truffle, what does it look like in the photo
  • Truffle: a description of where and when it grows
  • How Italian summer and black truffles are harvested
  • Storage options
  • How truffle is used in cooking, truffle oil
  • What is the use of the product
  • Interesting Facts

What is a truffle, what does it look like in the photo

Truffles, as Wikipedia points out, are a type of mushroom that has tuberous marsupial fruits. They are classified as gourmet products. A special feature is that the development of fleshy tuberous fruiting bodies occurs underground.

It is impossible to see them with the naked eye, tk. some specimens hide very deep down to the ground, up to 40 cm. Therefore, the search process is rather complicated.

They are distinguished by a characteristic rounded shape, the size in diameter is from 4 to 10 cm. Outside, the mushroom is leathery, it can be smooth or covered with polyhedral warts.

The section of the fruiting body has a marble pattern with alternating light and dark veins.

There are many varieties of truffles, but the most expensive of them are:
black, native to the south of France, in the county of PĂ©rigord
white, which is harvested in Italy, in the administrative regions of Umbria and Piermont.

White Italian truffles are considered more expensive and valuable among mushroom pickers and gourmets. In the photo, they look a bit like Jerusalem artichoke, their peel has a rich brown tint, the cut is light, cut with reddish veins.

The aroma of white truffles is somewhat more refined and more pronounced.

Sometimes you can find the saying that the smell of a truffle resembles fried sunflower seeds, and also real Swiss chocolate.

A person who tastes mushrooms for the first time cannot always say definitely his opinion whether he liked the product or not, but a few tests definitely turn him into an avid fan who, in order to enjoy a delicacy, will travel to the place of its collection during the season and receive from the tastings fresh product is a real delight.

The truffle yield is different every year, but a high-quality mushroom always has a high price. In the event of a poor harvest, prices can rise several times.

In general, the cost of this product is due to the narrow distribution area, difficulties in finding and storing, refined taste and aroma.

In addition, the mushroom picking season is very short, white truffles are harvested only in late autumn, black truffles from November to early March.

Truffle is what, what determines its value, watch the video:

Where and when does truffle grow

Black truffles, summer, French, grow in birch and oak forests, in the immediate vicinity of trees.

In the photo, they look like black-brown potatoes, on the cut they have shades from brown to red.

A special difference is the extremely strong, persistent aroma, the taste is slightly nutty.

Search and collection features

Mushroom picking is a rather complicated procedure, it requires special knowledge of the issue, preparation, accuracy from the mushroom picker. The fact is that each truffle grows separately, and it should be removed from the root of the tree without any damage.

Trained dogs and pigs are involved in the search for a delicious mushroom, i.e. animals with a very sensitive sense of smell. Again, the training of the bloodhounds is quite difficult because their tasks include not only finding the next specimen, but also digging out, while the mushrooms and roots must retain their appearance.

Of course, everything is very difficult, but other options for extracting the delicacy have not yet been invented.

Chinese entrepreneurs are trying to organize the cultivation of truffles on farms, but at the same time the exceptional characteristics of the mushrooms are lost, and the cultivation of only black truffles turned out to be effective, it is more problematic to grow white ones on the farm.

Let's watch a video with recommendations for growing truffles on a private plot or in a greenhouse:

Storage options

The shelf life of the product is relatively short. You can truly appreciate the taste and aroma only when tasting a freshly picked mushroom. For this reason, the truffle trade is very lively during the harvest season, restaurants are literally chasing the freshest product.

True connoisseurs of mushrooms make a pilgrimage to France and Italy in order to feast on this fresh delicacy.

If we talk about long-term storage, that is, recipes when mushrooms are poured with oil, then used as seasonings for other dishes.

The option of storage in rice is attractive because risotto of amazing taste is subsequently prepared from rice. But the mushrooms themselves, being surrounded by a dry product, lose weight rather quickly.

They also use the freezing procedure in low-temperature chambers.

How truffle is used in cooking

Culinary experts all over the world claim that very few products can match the originality of taste and aroma with a truffle.

The product is considered universal, it is used for the preparation of many dishes. The most striking qualitative characteristics are manifested in the case of using a supplement that is neutral in taste and smell.

Fresh truffle is used for cooking:

  • fillings
  • sauces
  • rice dishes
  • pasta.

Before eating, mushrooms lend themselves to heat treatment, but some true admirers eat them raw.

To make the story complete, you should remember what truffle oil is, how it is prepared. This is the name of olive oil infused with fresh truffle shavings.

Naturally, the most expensive and high quality oil is chosen, and the mushrooms are exceptionally fresh. Before pouring oil, the mushrooms are crushed into thin shavings.

One serving of a dish with a truffle goes from 3 - 5 to 8 g of mushroom. Quite a bit, but even this amount can radically change both the taste and aroma of familiar complementary foods.

It is customary to serve such dishes with champagne, red and white wines, perfectly complemented by their creamy sauce.

What is the use of the product

Truffles are not only original and tasty, they contain many substances that are useful for humans:

  • vitamins B 1 and B 2, ascorbic acid, vitamin PP
  • substances with antioxidant action
  • they are a powerful aphrodisiac because contain a large amount of pheromones with the composition, even the smell causes increased sensitivity and emotionality in a person.

Cosmetologists confirm the effectiveness of the extract obtained from the body of the truffle: it evens out wrinkles, makes the skin more toned, and removes cellulite.

Historians confirm that famous people all over the world hunted this mushroom: Napoleon and Dumas, Balzac and Casanova.

Interesting Facts

Firstly, the very fact of their origin is mysterious, in the Middle Ages they were considered magical, attributed, which, however, quite deservedly, healing properties.

For a long time it was believed that it was impossible to grow a mushroom under artificially created conditions. Then all the same attempts became more successful, but a capricious plant requires a certain soil.

Naturally, mushrooms grown in the wild are valued much higher.

Mushrooms are characterized by unstable yields, which are determined by weather conditions. The most favorite habitats for truffles are oak, beech or birch groves.

Truffle plantations can produce high yields for 2-3 decades, then they quickly fall. In general, there is a tendency towards a decrease in the volume of truffle production. And the price for them because of this increases every year. The most expensive are those who grew up in Alba.

The largest of the mushrooms was found in Italy, weighing up to 2.5 kg.

Cases were recorded when a 750 gram mushroom was sold at an auction for 100 thousand dollars.


Watch the video: You Didnt Know Mushrooms Could Do All This. National Geographic (November 2021).