Not only willow can be weeping. If desired, any young tree can be gradually given the shape of a crown, in which the branches will gracefully bend and fall down.
Weeping trees for the garden are readily used by landscape designers and amateur gardeners to create original green compositions on the site.
- Weeping trees for the garden: general information
- How to decorate a garden with original trees: how to form a crown
- Weeping deciduous trees for the garden
- Weeping conifers, general information
- Popular breeds
- Dwarf trees
- Hanging trees: care and pruning
- Formation: how to make weeping birch from ordinary birch
- Weeping form of plum, acacia, pear and other trees in landscape design
Weeping trees for the garden: general information
Gardeners interested in decorating the site use various original options for presenting familiar plants. One of the ways to surprise guests and liven up the landscape is to form weeping crowns on trees that are not naturally prone to this. Traditional garden plants are willow and birch.
However, if you wish, you can form a "sad" crown in apple, plum, cherry, mountain ash and coniferous trees.
Weeping trees do not differ in height, but in small areas they look cumbersome. If you still want to decorate a small garden, gardeners choose a method of forming a crown according to a narrower type.
Trees with a downward crown intricately set off flower beds and lawns. The peculiarity of the shape allows you to organize shady alleys, where in the heat you can safely hide from the scorching sun. If there is enough free space, the owners can make interesting compositions with the participation of trees of this species.
Such plants look especially good in the vicinity of small bodies of water - ponds, lakes, springs.
Depending on the type of branching, 3 varieties are distinguished:
- reflexa - this type has a sharp bend. The branches hang down practically from the trunk. Such plants have a narrow silhouette and therefore are appropriate for the decoration of a small area;
- pendula - the most typical form in which the branches of the tree descend to the ground in a graceful flowing arc;
- inversa - with this branching, the shoots first grow perpendicular to the trunk from all sides, and then drop sharply downward, forming a cascade.
For even more information on weeping trees for the garden, see the video:
How to decorate a garden: ways to form a crown
Numerous varieties of weeping plants are the results of long-term breeding. Specialists had to work for a long time to consolidate such properties at the genetic level. However, this mutation is still very unstable.
The original form is obtained by such methods:
- man-made formation. Timely and competent formative pruning will allow you to give the necessary shape to almost any tree species. However, the "kids" will not inherit this trait;
- grafting on a stem with a cutting with appropriate properties - in the offspring of such a plant, a weeping crown can form naturally. The height of the trunk must be at least 1.5 meters. Otherwise, over time, the branches of the plant will begin to creep along the ground, and this gives a sloppy look and makes it difficult to sanitize pruning.
Weeping deciduous trees for the garden
Among the deciduous varieties of trees, there are both those in which the natural formation of a weeping crown occurs, and those in which a similar shape can be created by a skilled gardener.
The first type includes the following breeds:
- hanging birch;
- willow of babylon;
- Lespedesia Thunberg.
With age, bird cherry, pear, maple and some other trees can also take this shape.
It is believed that the weeping silhouettes of the plantations contribute to a sad lyrical mood caused by affection for the Motherland. This description is the best fit for the drooping birch, which has long become an informal symbol of Russia. It can be up to 25 meters high. In the first years of growth, the tree rushes upward, but after a few years, the shape of the crown becomes sadly lowered.
The willow of Babylon is another tree symbolizing light sadness. It can reach a height of up to 15 meters. Weeping willows, planted near water bodies, look harmonious. If at the same time the branches lie on the water in places, the landscape of the site will acquire the features of a fabulous landscape. Experienced gardeners do not recommend planting willow in the immediate vicinity of buildings. She has a very strong root system, which over time will begin to destroy the foundation.
Lespedezia Thunberg is a spreading shrub from the legume family, which gardeners love for its lush flowering. The flowers of the Thunberg Lespedesia bloom in early autumn and decorate the garden when other trees are already preparing for winter.
Artificial weeping is possible for elm, beech, ash, sophora, bird cherry, apple, pear, peach, mulberry and other fruit trees.
Weeping conifers: general information
Not only deciduous varieties can have an interesting shape with falling branches. Among conifers, there are also representatives with natural weeping, as well as those that are easy to give the desired shape with the help of competent pruning.
These plants look incredibly sophisticated. Due to their picturesque properties, they are used to decorate parks, squares, sculptural groups. The ability to "wear" green clothes all year round is another advantage of the coniferous decor of various landscapes.
Coniferous plantings are often complemented by stone boulders. This combination looks very picturesque. Landscape designers often experiment with different types of needles, organizing diverse compositions. However, it is important to take into account the fact that drooping branches with yellowish needles against the background of green counterparts will give the tree a sickly look.
Weeping needles are becoming popular among ordinary summer residents. It is important to take into account the soil properties of the garden plot, as well as the maximum possible tree sizes. If the size of the estate allows, the owners can decorate the site on a royal scale.
An evergreen tree with cascading branches gives a fabulous flavor to the image of the estate. Also, do not forget about the medicinal properties of pine needles. Such trees disinfect the air and improve the microclimate near the house.
Popular breeds of weeping needles
Such breeds are considered the most popular among Russian landscape designers.
|Norway spruce||This inversa-shaped tree looks like the original green snowdrift. The plant reaches a height of 5-8 meters, the diameter of the crown in the lower part is 2 meters. Spruce is not too picky to care for. The main condition for its growth is moist, well-drained soil.|
|Serbian spruce||This variety is shaped like a pendula. The tree has elegant dark green needles. Serbian spruce is unpretentious and takes root well on different soils|
|Engelman spruce||The tree is distinguished by its elegant blue-gray needles. The weepingness of the breed is manifested in the form of downward fluffy paws|
|Scots pine||A light-loving tree looks great as a tapeworm. Planted near the house, it will be a wonderful themed decor for the New Year holidays. Lack of breed - poor tolerance to urban conditions|
|Atlas cedar||A mature tree looks extremely monumental, although its height is only 3-4 meters. The color of the needles is silvery blue. Atlas cedar takes root well in the southern regions, where in winter the thermometer rarely drops below -15 degrees. The Black Sea coast is an ideal climatic environment for planting this breed|
|Falling larch||The tree is 1-1.5 meters high with needles soft to the touch. In the fall, the larch outfit acquires a golden-orange tone, and it looks amazing|
|Red cedar||It has thin branches with scaly needles. This breed has not yet become very popular, however, it is gradually beginning to be in demand due to its unpretentious care. Juniper Virginsky tolerates frost, drought and not the most suitable soil.|
It is more difficult for owners of plots with a small area to find a suitable weeping tree. In this situation, sprawling monumental plantings will be inappropriate. Dwarf varieties of weeping rocks can be very useful here.
Small in size, they remain a suitable decoration for landscaping.
Conifers are widely available dwarf varieties. On sale are miniature spruces, pines, thuja, juniper trees. The cost of "dwarfs" is an order of magnitude higher, since for their breeding it is necessary to do quite laborious selection work.
Among the deciduous varieties of weeping trees, dwarf specimens can also be found. The cultivation of such a plant is carried out using bonsai technology. The process takes 4-6 years, and this greatly affects the pricing of such decorative elements, and they look much easier than their coniferous counterparts. Dwarf deciduous breeds are more appropriate indoors than outdoors.
On the garden plot, you can grow, if not a dwarf, but a fairly stunted deciduous tree. This is done by inoculation on the stem and constant control over the length of the shoots.
Dwarf tree species need the same conditions as their "normal" relatives.
Hanging trees: care and pruning
Even if a grafted stem was purchased for the garden in a good nursery, the plant must be properly looked after. Otherwise, it may not show its decorative features vividly enough. Naturally weeping trees do not need much control.
For grafted seedlings, 2 pruning options are used:
- the stem is cleared of unnecessary shoots below the inoculation site. In the first year, the shoots are cut short - they leave 15-20 cm. For the 2-3rd year, the shoots left are shortened by 5-6 buds. Next year, the required shoot length is determined visually, focusing on the overall picture. In the future, the plant does not need an annual formative pruning. The procedure can be performed once every several years;
- the second method involves permanent plucking of the apical buds of young shoots during the summer.
Formative pruning in summer-flowering varieties is done in early spring. Trees that bloom in spring are processed at the end of flowering.
In addition to shaping procedures, one should not forget about other generally accepted agricultural procedures. This includes, first of all, the selection of suitable soil, watering, mulching, sanitary pruning, feeding and protection from harmful insects.
A lot of interesting information about pruning and the formation of weeping forms of different breeds - in the video:
Shaping a tree: how to make a weeping birch from an ordinary birch
If the gardener has no desire or opportunity to purchase high-quality planting material in a specialized nursery, it is worth trying to "make" a weeping tree on your own. So, for example, you can make a high-quality imitation of drooping birch from ordinary birch. To do this, you will need to plant a two-year-old seedling in the fall.
In the spring, the birch is pruned to the first fork. Then pegs are driven in around the tree at a distance of 1 meter, to which the remaining branches will be neatly tied. Unwanted upward shoots are removed as they emerge.
In autumn, the hammered pegs are moved 30 cm closer to the trunk. During the next growing season, procedures are carried out similar to last year.
In the fall of the 3rd year, the branches are untied, and the pegs are removed. By this time, ordinary birch takes a weeping form, and in the future, to maintain it, it will only be necessary to remove the shoots growing up in a timely manner.
Weeping form of plum, acacia, pear and other trees in landscape design
Decorative forms of fruit are used solely for the purpose of decorating the landscape. Their fruits are of little use for food, but this does not matter to create a picturesque group or an alpine slide.
To decorate the plots, a weeping squat plum is planted. This dwarf plant is famous for its red-brown shoots, gray-green foliage and unusually bright colors in the fall. During this period, the tree becomes completely red. Squat plum is unpretentious in the choice of soil. Grows well both in the sun and in shaded areas.
Another popular plant is the yellow acacia or tree caragana. This is an unpretentious shrub with an unusually delicate appearance.
In landscape design, willow pear is used. This weeping shape bears little resemblance to an ordinary pear. The foliage of the tree has a silvery color. The fruit is slightly pear-shaped, but hard as wood and sour.
The decorative qualities of cherries, apricots, mountain ash, sakura, cherry plum, peaches and many others are also used to decorate gardens.
Weeping trees are very popular with landscape designers. A wide selection of original varieties of natural and selective origin allows you to decorate gardens and squares of all sizes and thematic areas.
Caring for such a plant does not cause much trouble. The easiest option is to purchase a grafted seedling in a well-established nursery. There you can also get detailed advice on tree crown care.