Planting many plants requires special preparation and adherence to certain conventions. So, it is important to know how to germinate peas at home.
Despite the fact that this is a rather unpretentious plant, its cultivation requires some attention.
- Peas, plant description
- How to sprout peas for a raw food diet
- Pea sprout recipes
- The benefits and harms of the product
- Growing patio peas as a houseplant
- How to germinate peas at home for planting
- Features of plant care when growing outdoors
Peas, plant description
It is an annual herb, the genus of which is subdivided into seven species.
The salient features include:
- Weak, curly shoots that often need props;
- At the ends of the branches there are antennae, due to which they attach to the props and white flowers, which are subsequently transformed into pods;
- In height, it can reach from half a meter to one and a half;
- The fruits are represented by small peas, which on average reaches 0.5 cm. One pod can contain from five to ten peas;
- Fruits contain a large amount of useful vitamins of groups A, B, C, macro- and microelements and sugars.
The large amount of nutrients that are included in its fruits make this legume useful for health.
In particular, it has a beneficial effect on the activity of the cardiovascular and digestive systems.
How to sprout peas for a raw food diet
In the raw food diet, both young peas and their sprouts are used.
In order to get the latter at home, no effort is required, you must:
- Wash the dried peas thoroughly and place them in a deep container;
- Cover with gauze and fill the container with water at room temperature. In this case, it is important that the liquid is several times more than the seeds;
- For twelve hours, place the soaked seeds in a warm place, away from the sun;
- After that, rinse the seeds and return to the container, covering with gauze. After that, keep it in water for a day, changing it every four hours;
- Sprouts appear in a day and a half. Suitable for use are those that have reached 2-5 mm;
- The resulting sprouts can be stored in a tightly closed container under damp gauze.
Suitable for consumption remain for five days, while it is recommended to wash the sprouts from mucus from time to time, it is recommended to blanch them before eating.
It is not recommended to store germinated seeds for more than five days. Consuming such sprouts will not be beneficial to the body.
Let's watch a video on how to sprout peas at home:
Pea sprout recipes
Seed sprouts can end up on the table as a separate dish or as an additive.
However, it is important to consider several rules for their consumption:
- It is recommended to eat sprouts in the morning, preferably for breakfast;
- It is better to start from a few pieces, gradually increasing to one hundred grams;
- The consumption of seedlings must be interrupted for a short break.
In order to bring variety to the table, people have come up with many recipes and unexpected combinations of sprouts with other products.
Particularly noteworthy are:
- Pasta, which can be prepared by mixing sprouts, zucchini and garlic. Sesame seeds with a few drops of lemon juice or olive oil add special piquancy;
- The juice from sprouts has a whole range of nutrients, which makes it not only an original, but also an extremely healthy dish;
- Sprout salads can be very diverse. You can season salad with cucumbers, tomatoes, radishes with sprouts. In fact, they go well with any vegetable salad.
In addition to raw additives, grinding sprouts in a blender is practiced, followed by adding the mixture to cereals, pie filling.
Such an experiment not only adds originality to any dish, but also enriches the body with useful elements.
The benefits and harms of the product
It is difficult to overestimate the benefits of legumes for the human body.
The main positive qualities of these products include:
- Rich in nutrients and minerals (proteins, amino acids, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus);
- A large amount of zinc in seedlings stabilizes the functioning of the prostate gland, which is especially important for men;
- Optimization of the work of the digestive and cardiovascular system;
- Increasing the defense of the immune system;
- During pregnancy, the consumption of legumes helps to alleviate the unpleasant symptoms of toxicosis;
- Improving the condition of the skin and hair.
However, it is important to consider that along with the positive aspects, the consumption of legumes also has negative aspects.
So it is recommended to pay special attention to some problems in which the consumption of legumes is undesirable:
- Diseases of the large intestine are a direct contraindication to the consumption of legumes;
- Acute gastritis and nephritis;
- Ulcerative diseases of the stomach and duodenum;
- Urolithiasis disease;
- Advanced and childhood age - the sprouts are poorly digested and lead to excessive gas formation in the intestines.
Peas are distinguished by their rich chemical composition, due to which their consumption has a beneficial effect on the body. However, before entering it on the menu, it is recommended to make sure that it will be beneficially absorbed by the intestines.
Growing Patio Peas as a Houseplant
Patio peas are early maturing varieties. Compact enough and unpretentious in care, it will decorate any windowsill with lush greenery.
For growing you need:
- Prepare the container in advance, fill it with light fertile soil;
- Place the seeds in a damp cloth or saucer with water for germination. The first roots can be observed in a day;
- After the formation of roots, plant the seeds;
- It is recommended to place the container on the southeast windowsill;
- It is important not to forget about the need for systematic loosening of the soil;
- Water as the substrate dries.
Legumes are not demanding to care for and the only thing worth paying attention to is watering. Stagnant water leads to decay of the roots, which completely destroys the plant.
On how to grow Patio peas indoors, we watch an interesting video:
How to germinate peas at home for planting
Growing at home is quite simple, but you should pay attention to some of the nuances. To begin with, it is recommended to choose the right container.
The pots are fine, but too much moisture will accumulate in them, which negatively affects the fruit.
Cups are also not the best option, as the plant will have to dive later. It is best to plant seeds in separate containers or boxes.
After the container is selected, it is recommended to pay attention to the selection of the soil. Garden soil is suitable, but first it must be prepared, to destroy harmful microorganisms that lead to plant diseases and its subsequent death.
To prevent possible unpleasant consequences, it is enough to treat the soil with boiling water and dry it. It is recommended to hold the event several weeks before the actual disembarkation.
Sowing time depends on the variety, but you should not get too attached to it. Peas bear fruit not only in an open substrate, but also on a windowsill.
It is recommended to plant seeds previously germinated in water, planting them to a depth of several centimeters with a distance of up to ten centimeters between each seed.
After the seeds are laid out, they are sprinkled with soil and covered with a film. After the sprouts appear, the film can be removed.
Features of plant care when growing in open ground
One of the features of peas is its deep root system, so it is recommended to plant seeds in open ground after it has warmed up enough.
In order for the cultivation to be as effective as possible, it is recommended:
- In the fall, carefully dig up the area prepared for planting and add 20 g of potassium salt and 50 g of superphosphate per m2;
- Do not grow legumes in the same location every year. The optimal precursors of legumes are nightshades, cabbage, cucumber;
- Before planting, you need to sort out the seeds, discarding the damaged ones, treat them with boric acid and dry them.
- Planting is carried out in beds, in furrows up to 8 cm deep, at a distance of 10 cm seed from seed;
- After the sprouts reach two weeks of age, the phase of active plant care begins. It is necessary to carry out regular loosening and hilling of young plants, systematic cleaning of weeds;
- After the height of the plant reaches a quarter of a meter, it is recommended to install an additional support so that the bush does not lie on the ground;
- It is important not to forget about the need for watering. So once a week, it is necessary to apply at least 10 liters of water per m2. In the event of drought, the frequency of watering is doubled;
- Several times a month, along with watering, it is necessary to make additional fertilizing, it is enough to add a few tablespoons of nitroammofoska to the water at the rate of 10 l / m2.
Harvesting depends on the variety, but on average, after 60-80 days, the pods ripen;
After the peas have been harvested, it is recommended to fertilize the soil with compost.
One of the main aspects of caring for any plant is pest and disease control.
The most common pea problems are the attack of parasites (pea moth, leafworm, garden and cabbage moths) and the defeat of mosaic viruses.
However, don't panic. You can scare off pests with the help of garlic tinctures and tomato greens. In especially severe cases, salvation can be found in insecticides. Fungicides (Topaz, Quadris) will save the mosaic virus.
Growing peas at home does not require much effort or skill. It is enough to follow the simple rules of planting and care in order to get a bountiful harvest of fresh herbs or nutritious sprouts.