The homeland of the Virginia bird cherry is the southern states of North America. The ornamental shrub from the Plum genus was liked by domestic gardeners due to its unforgettable beauty during the flowering period.
We offer you to get acquainted with the rules of planting and caring for the virgin bird cherry, learn all the secrets of its cultivation.
- Description of the plant
- Bird cherry virginian: plant varieties
- Bird cherry virginian: landing
- Bird cherry virginian: care
- Reproduction of virgin bird cherry
- Diseases and pests, how to take off to fight
- Virginia bird cherry: blank recipes
Description of the plant
An American guest can look like a multi-stemmed bush or a small tree up to 5 meters high. The specific form of the Virginia bird cherry is due to the planting method and the peculiarities of its care.
The trunk of an adult shrub has a gray-purple color. Shrub leaves are oval in shape with small denticles. The length of the leaves varies from 3 to 10 cm.
During the flowering period, the shrub is strewn with lush tassels with small white inflorescences. Virginia bird cherry does not exude an odor, which is important for allergy sufferers.
You can admire the delicate inflorescences for 2 weeks.
Flowering of this variety begins 10-14 days later than local varieties. This allows the plant to avoid damage to the inflorescences possible due to spring frosts. This factor, in turn, affects the high productivity of the shrub.
The fruits ripen in late summer and early autumn. Ripe berries can be of different shades: from light red to dark purple. The color of the fruit is influenced by the climatic features of the growing region.
The berries of the American guest have a restrained tart taste, however, unlike ordinary bird cherry, these fruits have a great sweetness and slight sourness. In terms of its taste, the Virginia bird cherry beats its relative.
If not harvested, the fruits can hang on the branches for a very long time. In many areas, there are shrubs, the fruits of which remain until winter.
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Bird cherry virginian: plant varieties
The most popular among gardeners are two varieties.
|Schubert||An adult shrub has an unusually beautiful leaf color. With age, Schubert's foliage takes on a purple hue. The fruits of this variety of bird cherry are almost black in color. During flowering and fruiting, such a plant is a wonderful decoration for any garden, square or park. Shubert shrubs are used to form alleys and group compositions. For planting, it is preferable to choose slightly shaded areas.|
|Canada Red||The peculiarity of this variety is the conical crown and red-violet color of the foliage. Dark red fruits appear black in certain lighting conditions. This plant looks very elegant. Canada Red is widely used for decoration of parks and squares. The shrub height can reach 5 meters. Canada Red is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and frost resistance|
Bird cherry virginian: landing
The planting of any seedlings is planned for spring or autumn, and the virgin bird cherry is no exception. Fortunately for amateur gardeners, this is a rather unpretentious shrub. However, whenever possible, it should be planted in an open area.
Judging by the gardeners' reviews, the Virginia bird cherry also feels good in the shade. However, when comparing the quality of flowers and fruits, the absolute advantage will be on the side of plants planted in open areas.
For cross-pollination, it is recommended to plant several seedlings. The distance between them should be about 5 meters.
The most suitable soil is loam. If possible, it is necessary to ensure planting in the ground with a slightly acidic or neutral environment. To ensure the viability of the bush, groundwater must be deposited at a distance of at least 1.5 m from the surface.
For planting, you need a hole large enough to fit the roots of the seedling.
Mineral and organic fertilizers should be used whenever possible. They are laid strictly according to the instructions. An excess of organic matter negatively affects the condition and appearance of the bush.
After planting, the plant is watered abundantly, the soil around is mulched. The entire growing season requires additional watering. An adult tree is watered only if the summer is too hot.
The final stage of planting is to trim the top. The purpose of the procedure is to mark the point of formation of skeletal branches. Usually this height is 50-70 cm, although this question can be left to the discretion of the gardener.
Bird cherry virginiana: care
A young plant needs constant care. Freshly planted shrubs are watered, weeds are pulled out, the soil is loosened.
An important point is timely sanitary pruning. Sick and damaged branches must be removed without fail. To avoid excessive thickening, the crown must be periodically thinned out. Anti-aging pruning is also carried out periodically.
If you plan to grow an ornamental plant, you need to do formative pruning.
For the Virginia bird cherry, it is better to make standard pruning - the free form does not look so decorative. Slices are treated with whitewash or garden varnish.
The foliage that has fallen in the fall can not be removed. Rotting, it has a beneficial effect on the soil composition. The winter period does not require any shelter - the Virginia variety is a frost-resistant species.
Reproduction of virgin bird cherry
Reproduction of an ornamental shrub is possible in several ways:
- root layers;
To maximize the transfer of maternal qualities, vegetative methods are chosen. When planting seeds, the properties of the mother plant are not fully inherited. In addition, a shrub that has grown from a stone begins to bear fruit only in the 7th year of life.
Vegetatively propagated plants bear fruit in the 3rd year after planting. The seeds are planted at a depth of 5-6 cm. However, it should be noted that this method of reproduction may be ineffective.
Diseases and pests, how to deal with them
Most often, the leaves of the tree are affected by the marsupial fungus. Symptoms of the disease are characteristic spots on the leaves and fruits. If possible, the affected parts of the shrub should be removed immediately.
The sooner this is done, the more chances that the main part of the plant is not infected. A launched form requires maximum branching. This is a big nuisance for gardeners who have been striving to give the tree the desired shape for several years.
In addition to the marsupial fungus, the plant suffers from the invasion of aphids, weevils, silkworms, moths. You can fight them with tobacco infusion or soap solution.
Processing is carried out in early spring, and then repeated after the plant has faded.
To improve the quality of flowering, experts recommend spraying with Sherpa or Decis preparations - these are synthetic substances that provide long-term protection against insects.
The preparations have a contact, residual and repellant effect on a wide range of pests. Processing is carried out before flowering.
Virginia bird cherry: blank recipes
Virginia bird cherry is widely used in folk medicine. The amygdalin contained in it has a positive effect on the cardiovascular system. Also, the fruits of the shrub contain glucose, tannins and organic acids.
Berries are a source of vitamin C, which helps to strengthen the body's defenses. Tea made from the leaves of the virgin cherry tree is recommended to drink to relieve nervous tension and stabilize the emotional background.
The astringent properties of berries are used to treat disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, including infectious ones. To obtain the effect, it is enough to pour 200 g of water over one tablespoon of berries and boil the composition for 20 minutes. Then the liquid is filtered, cooled and taken three times a day, half a glass at a time.
For pregnant women, it is contraindicated in any form. Traditional medicine must be used under the supervision of a physician and combined with traditional methods of treatment.
In addition to medicine, the fruits are used in cooking. I use berries as a filling for baking, boil compotes, jelly, make tincture and homemade wine. It is best known for its taste and nutritional qualities of fruit flour.
To prepare it, you need to follow these steps:
- Remove the stalks;
- Wash the berries thoroughly and dry completely in the open air;
- Place the fruits in an oven or dehydrator and dry at 50 degrees;
- Grind the dried berries in a coffee grinder or meat grinder.
- This flour can be used for diet baking or as a filling for pies.
Bird cherry virginiana is a godsend for amateur gardeners and professional landscape designers. In addition to its decorative functions, the plant has a number of medicinal qualities. Decoctions from bark, leaves and fruits are widely used in folk and traditional medicine.
However, it is important to consider that only high-quality fruits should be consumed. Withered and spoiled berries contain toxins that can cause food poisoning.
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