Peppermint is a perennial plant widely known for its characteristic fresh scent. This mint is a hybrid cultivated for medicinal use.
It is about the beneficial properties of the plant that will be discussed, about how peppermint is used and what contraindications to its use should be taken into account by lovers of treatment according to traditional medicine recipes.
- Growing peppermint
- What useful substances does it contain?
- Indications for the use of peppermint
- What are the properties of broth and tea from mint?
- Preparation and use of peppermint tincture
- How peppermint oil is used
- Peppermint use and contraindications for women
- General contraindications
Wild varieties are essentially weeds. Its cultural variety - peppermint - is the absolute record holder for menthol content. Such a chemical composition determines not only a wide range of its use in medicine, but also a number of contraindications.
The wild variety mainly grows in marshy areas, on the banks and other places with permanently damp soil. Peppermint, like its wild ancestors, loves moisture. The ideal soil for planting cuttings is lime clay.
An interesting fact is that the cultivated variety practically does not form viable seeds. That is why it is almost impossible to meet her away from people.
Once in the wild, the hybrid gradually returns to its original wild-growing species.
Peppermint propagation is carried out in a vegetative way - by planting particles of rhizomes, seedlings or cuttings. The best time to transplant is spring or early fall.
What nutrients does it contain?
The main medicinal substance in peppermint is menthol. This medicinal substance makes up from 50 to 80% of the structure of the plant. It contains a large amount of ascorbic acid, rutin, carotene and other vitamin compounds. Its composition is also rich in microelements.
The flowers and leaves of mint contain in large quantities:
The chemical composition makes this plant extremely useful for treating diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, relieving heart attacks, relieving pain syndromes and nervous tension.
Peppermint can be used with equal efficiency both in the form of a decoction, tea or tincture, and in pharmaceutical forms.
Indications for the use of peppermint
Menthol has analgesic, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. When applied to the skin or mucous membrane, it constricts the blood vessels close to the surface and dilates the internal ones.
Peppermint preparations are very effective in treating the following gastrointestinal problems:
- increased acidity;
- spasms of the intestines and biliary tract;
- weak peristalsis;
- lack of appetite.
Menthol is widely used to relieve pain in the heart area. This substance is the main active ingredient of validol, valocordin and other cardiac drugs.
This medicinal plant is used to treat renal and hepatic insufficiency, rhinitis, tonsillitis, tonsillitis, and ARVD.
The antiseptic and astringent properties of this plant are used in cosmetology and dermatology.
Lotions with tincture effectively tone the skin, relieve irritation and itching.
What are the properties of broth and tea from mint?
A decoction and tea made from peppermint leaves are ideal for normalizing the digestive tract. It should be noted that with regard to this plant, the points of view of traditional and traditional medicine do not differ.
During treatment, it is important to take into account the specifics of the disease and apply additional therapeutic measures.
So, for example, to reduce acidity, St. John's wort, yarrow and leguminous should be added to the decoction of peppermint leaves, and to increase it, the effect of the decoction is enhanced by enrichment with chamomile, dill, caraway seeds, valerian, knotweed and hops.
A decoction of the leaves of the plant, taken daily on an empty stomach, helps to improve digestion, gives the skin a fresh, healthy look. It should be drunk warm to room temperature, in small sips.
Mint tea helps with decreased vitality, bouts of nausea, heart palpitations.
Doctors recommend drinking it either in the morning or in the evening before bedtime.
Due to its antiseptic properties, mint broth refreshes the oral cavity well. Rinsing your mouth daily helps kill bacteria that can cause bad breath.
For the treatment of acute respiratory diseases, doctors recommend adding a small amount of honey to the broth or tea. This combination enhances the therapeutic effect of both drugs.
A decoction of mint leaves can be used for bathing. In addition to the beneficial effect on the skin, mint relieves joint pain caused by arthritis, arthrosis, gout.
We suggest watching a video about the beneficial properties of peppermint:
Preparation and use of peppermint tincture
There are 2 types of tinctures:
- alcohol - 100 g of dried or fresh leaves are poured with 75% alcohol and insisted for 10-14 days in a dark cool place. The resulting drug should be used three times a day, 20-25 drops. It helps to improve the functioning of the digestive system and strengthen the immune system. Also, alcohol tincture relieves spasmodic pains well, and when applied externally, heals skin rashes;
- water - 1 tablespoon of dry grass, 200 g of boiling water is poured. The composition is infused in a water bath for 20 minutes. Then the tincture must be cooled and filtered. The drug should be taken 3 times a day, 50 ml 15-20 minutes before meals. The effect of this drug is identical to an alcoholic infusion.
A water tincture is used if it is impossible to use alcohol-containing preparations. This applies to young children, pregnant and breastfeeding women, people who want to get rid of alcohol addiction.
How peppermint oil is used
The essential oil is widely used in dental prophylaxis. On its basis, toothpastes, powders, elixirs are created. It is an irreplaceable assistant for the preparation of home cosmetic products: soaps, lotions, rubbing liquids, creams, masks, balms.
The aroma lamp filled with mint oil effectively disinfects the air. Also, mint oil is used to treat insect bites, burns and various skin rashes.
Peppermint: use and contraindications for women
Peppermint is also used to treat especially female diseases, such as cervical erosion. The tincture is used for external treatment of pathologies. To obtain a drug, it is necessary to mix the leaves of the plant and ethyl alcohol in a ratio of 1:10.
The solution should be infused for 5 days. Then strain, add an equal amount of sunflower oil and evaporate the alcohol through a water bath.
There are contraindications for taking mint by women of fertile age. If a woman has certain difficulties with conception, the use of "mint" drugs can aggravate the situation.
This plant is harmless. Subject to the dosages recommended by the instructions or by the attending physician, the risk of any adverse reactions in the patient is very low.
However, in some cases, you should treat mint with caution. These are situations that require increased concentration of attention, such as driving a car. Tea or a decoction of the leaves can cause drowsiness and subsequent traffic accidents.
It is strongly discouraged to give mint in any form to babies under the age of 3 years.
Breastfeeding mothers should also refrain from mints. Older children should be given teas and decoctions with a reduced concentration of this medicinal plant. Men should not abuse mint-based drugs. An excess of its active ingredients leads to a decrease in sexual activity.
This medicinal plant is contraindicated for people with low blood pressure and patients suffering from varicose veins. This is due to the fact that it reduces the tone of the blood vessels. However, with varicose veins, the external use of tinctures in the form of compresses is allowed.
Individual intolerance and a tendency to allergic reactions are another reason for refusing to use menthol-containing drugs. Do not use the plant all the time.
Long-term use is addictive, and in the future, the use of this medicinal plant will be ineffective.
Peppermint is an effective, safe and affordable remedy used in both traditional and traditional medicine. In addition to the undoubted healing qualities, the plant has a unique fresh taste and aroma, which allows the patient to easily tolerate the recommended treatment.
Learn how to properly store mint harvested for the winter: