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Compost from tree leaves, especially in the pit and in the bag


Fertilization of vegetable gardens and summer cottages is an important stage in spring soil cultivation. Easy to manufacture, it will be the optimal yield.

Content:

  1. We use fallen leaves as fertilizer
  2. Composting leaves in a compost pit
  3. How to compost tree leaves in 7 days
  4. Can you compost oak and walnut leaves?
  5. Preparing compost in garbage bags

We use fallen leaves as fertilizer

With each fall of leaves, the problem of what to do with crumbling foliage becomes acute. Some just throw away litter, or burn it, which is absolutely wrong.

The mass thrown off by foliage trees contains a large amount of fiber and such microelements important for the growth and development of cultivated plants as iron, potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen, magnesium, calcium and sulfur.

Correctly treated foliage can be useful not only to improve the structure of the soil, but also to increase the level of soil fertility. Fallen foliage helps to loosen the earth, enriches it with such useful elements as moisture and oxygen. In addition to this, earthworms often live in decayed foliage, which also helps to loosen the substrate.

The leaves of almost any tree that grow in every region can be turned into fertilizer. Humus from walnut leaves works especially well on soils, but they can be found only in some areas.

Conversely, do not abuse the leaves of fruit crops, as there is a danger that they are carriers of harmful insects and diseases.

You should not throw away litter, it is a unique source of a large amount of nutrients that will help to significantly improve the quality of the soil in the garden and in the garden.

Composting leaves in a compost pit

The leaves are used for both soil mulching and composting. The latter is known to many gardeners as a consequence of the high level of efficiency, which has a positive effect on the quality of the crop.

To compost in a specially dug hole, it is recommended:

  • By autumn, dig a hole no more than one and a half meters deep and one by one meter wide;
  • Collect tree debris and place in a hole;
  • Tamp and fill the hole with water, then trample again;
  • Cover the resulting mixture with a twenty-centimeter layer of soil;
  • To speed up composting, you can additionally add a solution of nitrogenous fertilizer.

With the arrival of spring, it is recommended to plant vegetables in the pit, but by autumn, after the harvest has been collected, it is recommended to scatter the compost throughout the entire plot.

It is important to remember that for the preparation of fertilizer only the fall of forest trees, or those that grew away from roads, is suitable. The fact is that the plants that grew near the highway absorbed a large amount of harmful substances, which can negatively affect the harvest.

And another way to make compost:

How to compost tree leaves in 7 days

To prepare fertilizers quickly, it is worth a little diversification of the composting mixture, not only leaves, but also hay, straw and even paper are useful. It is recommended to grind all this thoroughly. This will ensure uniformity of oxygen and moisture distribution processes, which ensures more productive work of compost microbes.

You can grind the constituent components by passing them through rotary lawn mowers several times.

If manure or green plants are at hand, they can also be used for fertilization, after crushing them.

After that it is recommended:

  • Fold the resulting crushed mixture into a pre-dug hole, if it turns out to be dry, moisten and mix thoroughly. If necessary, you can additionally moisten the mixture, do not let it dry out;
  • Cover the pit with plastic to keep warm;
  • Observe the change in temperature, it should begin to grow on the first day;
  • Stir the contents of the pit systematically to supply the oxygen necessary for the compost microbacteria.

By the end of the week, the compost will be ready, but to be sure, it is recommended to hold it a little longer, ideally for another week. You can determine when the fertilizer is suitable for use by its temperature, it should not exceed + 38 C, otherwise it can harm the plants.

Can you compost oak and walnut leaves?

There is an opinion that it is impossible to use walnut and oak leaves for compost, as they emit harmful substances that can spoil the fertilizer.

In fact, the foliage of these trees contains a large amount of tannins, which greatly slow down the decay process. In addition, the aromatic components of these plants can repel some insects.

Since oak and walnut foliage decays slowly, the heat will not be generated enough and the decay processes will proceed more slowly.

However, this does not mean that adding them to compost can negatively affect the quality of the crop. Plants do not feed on humus itself, but on the waste products of microorganisms that live in it.

If you add oak and walnut leaves as an additional component to the compost pit, you can not only not harm, but also improve the quality of fertilizer. The aromatic substances they contain will protect the feeding from harmful insects, and a large amount of nutrients will enrich the soil.

It is fundamentally wrong to say that the use of oak and walnut litter in composting is wrong. Despite the large amount of tannins that slow down decay, they also contain a considerable amount of nutrients that plants need during the growth process.

Preparing compost in garbage bags

Making compost in plastic bags is not only quick, but also low-cost. The only thing that will have to be spent is garbage bags. It is important that the bags are large and the black polyethylene must be tight.

You can find the most suitable ones in hardware stores, while it is recommended to check the strength of the material on the spot, since the packaging does not always indicate the density level to check it is enough to stretch them, if they practically do not stretch - this is what you need.

Many gardeners recommend paying special attention to bags holding 250 liters. Fertilizer will not dry out in them, which is especially important when making compost.

After the bag is purchased you need:

  • Collect any plants, leaves, fruits and herbs. At the same time, it is important to ensure that none of them is infected with parasites or disease, since the problem can affect the entire mass of fertilizer, and then the soil into which it will be applied;
  • Add food waste to the mixture (potato peels, egg shells)
  • Apply soil, or weeds with soil, add cardboard, paper, sawdust. It is important that the sawdust is from untreated wood, sleepers will not work;
  • Add legumes to increase nitrogen levels in the compost;
  • Place the bags on the site and lay everything collected in layers: food waste, soil, leaves, and so on, then thoroughly tamp everything and thoroughly pour water over everything;
  • Add EM preparations to the workpiece, which promote the active reproduction of microorganisms that contribute to decay;
  • Tie the bags tightly so that no air enters them;
  • It is important to remember that in the process of manufacturing organic fertilizers, it is not recommended to add to it everything that may be associated with chemistry: soapy water, ash, chemicals.

Experienced gardeners use complex compounds of mineral and organic fertilizers. It is better to lay them in the fall, since in the spring, after long-term exposure to subzero winter temperatures, bacteria develop faster.

Making compost in bags is simple and inexpensive. To do this, it is recommended to purchase dense black garbage bags, collect organic raw materials and an EM preparation, sprinkling all this with a small amount of water.

Making compost from tree leaves with your own hands is an easy task. It is enough to prepare the hole in advance, fill it with litter and water it with water in order to get high-quality fertilizer for the soil of the garden and vegetable garden next spring.

Let's see how to properly prepare compost from leaves in garbage bags:


Watch the video: Making Leaf Mould No-turn Compost. Black Gumbo (December 2021).