The Adele grape belongs to the Far Eastern varieties. It was bred by the breeder Vaskov Adely Ivanovich, after whom the hybrid is named.
Differs in high yield and frost resistance, suitable for both industrial-scale vineyards and for small household plots.
- Description of Adele grapes
- Adele grapes: planting and care features
- Reviews about Adele grapes
- Diseases and pests
- Uses and yield levels
Description of Adele grapes
Adele belongs to the mid-early species, which ripen in the first half of September. The grape bushes are average, according to their external parameters, they belong to the covering forms.
Other features of the variety include:
- Refers to universal;
- The shape of the bunches is conical, with an average density. It can be up to 27 cm in length;
- The weight of one bunch can reach 600 g, with good care up to 700 g;
- The berries are round and large, dark blue;
- Withstands a drop in temperature in winter to -30 C;
- Maturation occurs in three months;
- The leaves are large, dark green in color. Three-lobed, with a medium degree of dissection and a small edge on the inner side of the leaf;
- The vine has a red tint.
With proper care, it will delight the owners not only with the growth rate, but also with the abundance of bunches. So, the average yield is 100-123 c / ha.
Let's watch an interesting video about grape varieties and choosing the best of the varieties for planting:
Adele grapes: planting and care features
The most common breeding method is planting by cuttings. The optimal time for planting seedlings is early spring, as the sap moves through the plant more actively.
Other features to consider when landing include:
- Since grapes are a sun-loving plant, it is recommended to plant them on the south side of the garden, in a place protected from drafts;
- It is worth preparing a hole for planting seedlings in advance. In width, it should not be less than 65 cm. At the bottom of the hole, it is recommended to pour two buckets of manure, which has already been peeled, a can of ash, earth and 150-200 g of superphosphate. The distance between seedlings should not be less than one and a half meters, and between rows - two meters.
After planting grapes, do not forget about the plant. Proper care is the key to a good harvest.
So, it is recommended:
- Perform regular pruning;
- Do not forget about pinching the bush and tying the shoots. When growing the Adel variety, multi-arm fan formation of shrubs is best;
- In the spring, spray the plants to protect the bushes from the attack of fungi;
- Carry out several treatments with fungicides in one season;
- Water the shrub regularly. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure drainage, since the abundance of water can negatively affect the condition of the bush;
- In the first two years after planting the cuttings, make regular feeding, loosening the soil;
- Cover young plants for the winter, if the soil belongs to loams - especially carefully to prevent the root from freezing.
Adele belongs to cold-resistant plants, although young seedlings require special care.
However, this variety remains unpretentious and, if you approach caring for it with all responsibility, it will not be capricious.
Watching a video about growing grapes:
Reviews about Adele grapes
The high level of productivity and unpretentiousness of the variety could not but interest gardeners. The advantages of the variety were appreciated by a large number of positive reviews on the forums dedicated to the topic.
So, they note not only the property of the bush, but also the delicate taste of the berries, its versatility. This allows Adele to be used as a stand-alone dish or as an additional ingredient.
In addition, users note the plant's resistance to pests, which also plays an important role.
Negative reviews that can be found are often caused by non-compliance with the rules of care, or the inadequacy of climatic conditions for the needs of the variety.
Diseases and pests
Despite the fact that Adele endures the attacks of many fungal diseases, she is still susceptible to diseases such as mildew. The susceptibility level of the variety is 25%.
The main signs of damage include:
- The appearance of yellow spots on the leaf blade. On young - up to a centimeter, on old - more, located along the veins;
- Formation of white fluff on the inside of the sheet;
- Gradual formation of the same spots on berries and vines;
- In especially advanced cases - shedding of green berries, curling and drying of leaves.
Adele is resistant to such common grape pathologies as gray rot and powdery mildew.
Wasps can cause minor damage from pests.
Uses and yield levels
Adele belongs to the high-yielding varieties. So, up to 100 centners of the crop can be removed from one hectare per season. With quality care and full compliance with climatic conditions to the needs of the variety, this figure can be increased to 125 centners.
Berries of this variety are universal in terms of properties and taste. This is due to the sufficient saturation of the juice, which makes these grapes suitable not only for direct consumption raw and juicing, but also for making wine. The latter can be either dessert or dry.
In addition, the variety is excellent for sale, does not differ in high sensitivity to mechanical damage and easily tolerates a long journey, while maintaining its presentation.
At the same time, the taste of the berries does not deteriorate; rather, on the contrary, there is an increase in the amount of sugar that they contain.
The Adel variety is a high-yielding and winter-hardy variety. Unpretentious and hardy, it is suitable for both home consumption and sale.