Few people wonder what indoor plants are, what groups they are divided into, where the green beauties come from.
However, knowledge of which group a particular flower belongs to is often necessary for proper care.
- What are the houseplants, into which groups they can be divided
- Decorative blooming indoor flowers
- Non-flowering deciduous houseplants
- The most beautiful indoor flowers
- Unpretentious indoor plants
- How to determine the name of a houseplant
What are the houseplants, into which groups they can be divided
There are a number of classifications, both botanical, according to their belonging to families and species, and conditional.
One of the most simple and convenient is the conditional subdivision into such groups.
|Decorative deciduous||They differ in that they retain a green crown throughout the year|
|Decorative blooming||This group includes all indoor plants that bloom for a long time (orchids, begonias, hesperous)|
|Succulents and cacti||Drought-resistant flowers, most often represented by aloe, Kalanchoe, milkweed, agave|
|Fruit||A small group, which includes several types of fruit trees (pineapple, pepper, citrus fruits, kiwi)|
It is simple to determine belonging to this community - representatives who, growing up in apartment conditions, bear fruit, belong to fruit.
When choosing a variety, it is important to take into account the peculiarities of cultivation and subsequent care for them.
So some people like abundant watering and lighting, some, on the contrary, prefer diffused light and minimal moisture.
Decorative blooming indoor flowers
This group is the second in terms of the number of representatives. All grow well in indoor conditions, although they require compliance with the rules of care. You can recognize the representatives of this group by the abundant and long flowering, for some it continues throughout the year.
Among the decorative flowering varieties there are both annuals and perennials. It is important to remember that the former, after the end of flowering, often dry out with the subsequent formation of seeds.
However, in order for these plants to bloom, it is recommended not to forget about the need to properly organize their care. First of all, in accordance with the specific needs, it is recommended to choose a place for a flower, to provide an appropriate light and temperature regime.
Bright representatives of decorative flowering flowers are listed below.
Anthurium is an exotic handsome man, which can be recognized by the large wide foliage of dark green color. The bud is shaped like a yellow ear surrounded by deep red leaves.
Quilia - This South African variety loves high humidity, which is important to consider when growing.
It transfers shaded places without damage, which allows you to place the pot in any convenient place.
Chinese rose - outwardly resembles a stunted tree, which is recommended to be pruned from time to time in order to maintain a neat appearance.
The bud is bright red, keeps open during the day and then falls off, but others open up to replace it.
Spathiphyllum is a snow-white flower of surprisingly delicate beauty, which is bizarrely combined with absolute unpretentiousness in care. Outwardly, it somewhat resembles a calla.
Uzambara violet is a popular and unpretentious variety. The color of the buds differs depending on the variety, but its juiciness will be the same.
Like other violets, it negatively perceives direct watering; when leaving, it is recommended to pour water into the sump several times a month.
Phalaenopsis - refers to Orchids, but completely unpretentious in care. A distinctive feature is the presence of aerial roots, which allows the orchid to absorb water from the air. The color of the buds, depending on the variety, is different.
The group brings together a large number of the most diverse varieties and species. If you wish, you can find both lush-flowering trees and delicate flowers such as orchids.
We offer you to watch a video about indoor plants blooming in winter:
Non-flowering deciduous houseplants
This group includes the largest number of indoor plants. The main feature of the group is the fact that the representatives are distinguished by lush and delicate foliage of all possible colors: from the usual green to variegated, yellow and white.
Representatives of non-flowering deciduous trees are a great addition to any decor. Species diversity makes it possible to choose exactly what you need.
The main advantages are greens, the plates of which, growing up, take the most bizarre shape. The plates can be dissected, linear, oval, serrated.
Despite the name, representatives of this group still bloom, but the buds are often small and appear quite rarely. For some, they may not be noticed at all.
Non-flowering deciduous trees are not as demanding on lighting conditions as flowering ones. However, this does not mean that all species are recommended to be placed in the shade, some representatives will begin to change the color of the plates.
In contrast to the blooming ones, representatives of this group react sharply to a lack of moisture and nutrients, which leads to darkening. Representatives of this group are: palms, vines, ferns, bamboos and others.
Useful video about growing bamboo:
Nature is rich in a variety of non-flowering species, and selection increases this diversity every year. As well as among the flowering ones, there are both unpretentious representatives and especially capricious species, which is recommended to be taken into account.
Under the name "succulents" unpretentious species are united, which calmly tolerate a lack of moisture. Fleshy stems, leaves that allow water to accumulate, distinguish all succulents.
The most famous types of indoor succulents are:
- Aloe is an ornamental plant known to almost everyone. Differs in long fleshy leaves with small thorns along the edges. It is known not only as an indoor, but also as a medicinal species, which is often used in cosmetology, traditional and alternative medicine. It tolerates winter temperature fluctuations well, is not susceptible to diseases and well tolerates pest attacks;
- Kalanchoe is a native of Madagascar and is capricious in comparison with other succulents. Poorly tolerates excessive watering, loves light, but does not tolerate the afternoon sun, the optimal temperature for Kalanchoe should not be higher than 19? C;
- Euphorbia - tolerates a lack of moisture without loss, feels good on garden soils, but needs a lot of light. At the same time, direct sunlight will not bring him much joy. The main rule of caring for milkweed is the need to systematically wipe it from dust;
- Krassula or Fatty Woman - popularly known as the Money Tree, which came to Europe from Africa. Krasula is unpretentious, but when leaving it is important not to overdo it with moisture. The fat woman calmly tolerates temperature fluctuations, it is recommended to apply top dressing every two to three weeks, for this it is worth using standard fertilizers for cacti. It will not be superfluous to systematically prune the branches of the bastard;
- Yucca - outwardly distantly resembles a palm tree, loves sunlight, so it is better to put a pot with it on the southern windowsill. Unfortunately, in apartment conditions, it does not bloom, but this is more than compensated for by lush greenery. In summer, it is recommended to make complex dressings.
Despite the ease of care, there are incredibly beautiful representatives among succulents. Unpretentious, with beautiful lush foliage, they will decorate any windowsill.
The most beautiful indoor flowers
Each flower is beautiful and remarkable in its own way, but some are especially attractive to gardeners.
The most notable and exotic representatives are described below.
|Begonia||The appeal of which lies in the fact that the leaves and flowers take on bizarre, completely unpredictable forms. needs systematic watering and good lighting|
|Bromeliad||A distant relative of pineapple, which is easy to determine by the lancet shape of the leaves collected in a rosette, from which the peduncle grows. Does not need abundant watering, grows well with weekly moisture, but needs a lot of sun light. Flowering continues for several months;|
|Geranium||Known to everyone in our country, it can not only decorate any apartment, but also has bactericidal properties. The flower is not picky about watering and spraying;|
|Hyacinth||Small in size, it is widespread, both in home gardening and indoor gardening. Neat with narrow leaves and buds, the shades of which vary from deep red to almost completely white and even purple;|
|Hibiscus||A small evergreen shrub, the buds of which are kept on the branches from early spring to late autumn. Needs moderate watering and diffused light, but does not tolerate temperature fluctuations and drafts|
|Hyperastrum||A heat-loving representative with amusing corolla-shaped flowers of a rich pink color|
|Croton||Differs in bright colors of leaves, adds zest to home and office interiors. Unpretentious, grows up to 80 cm in height;|
|Lithops||Originally from the rocky deserts of Namibia, the plant tolerates the hot season without damage, accumulating water in the leaves. The buds are yellow or white, rarely, but you can find lithops with orange petals|
|Fuchsia||Unpretentious, prefers diffused light. Differs in surprisingly graceful flowers, the color of which ranges from pale pink to purple|
|Schlumberger or Christmas||Prefers abundantly lit places, abundant watering and high humidity. bloom exuberant and lush|
It is difficult to name uniquely the most beautiful views, each of them is beautiful in its own way. There are simply no ugly plants in nature.
Unpretentious indoor plants
In addition to beauty and varieties, the persistence of flowers is also considered an important fact, whether they need special care conditions or easily tolerate some negligence on the part of the forgetful owner.
If you do not want to spend a lot of time caring for a green pet, pay attention to such representatives of the flora:
- Asparagus - differs in original leaves, flowers are small and inconspicuous, differ depending on the variety. It tolerates drought without loss, but needs an annual transplant;
- Heliotrope is a fragrant perennial that blooms from spring to autumn. Buds, depending on the variety, can be white or lilac. Undemanding, but with a lack of light, its leaves are excessively stretched;
- Monstera is an ornamental perennial with large feathery leaves that can be up to a meter in length. It grows slowly, a transplant is recommended once every four years. It is unpretentious, but does not tolerate direct sunlight, and in winter it is recommended to reduce the frequency of watering to once a week;
- Sansevieria or Mother-in-law's tongue - reaches a meter in height. It features long belt-like sheets covered with a pattern, assembled into an outlet. Not capricious, but with excessive moisture, the danger of death increases. It grows well both in partial shade and in bright sun;
- Scindapsus is a vine valued for its amazing monochromatic or variegated leaves. Not afraid of temperature fluctuations and partial shade. The main thing in care is to prevent waterlogging of the soil;
- Tradescantia - differs in colorful leaves with curly or straight stems, depending on the variety. The flowering period is three months. Prefers bright diffused light, with a lack of which the leaves become dull;
- Chlorophytum is an ideal plant for the kitchen, it purifies the air. It grows well with a lack of light, it is recommended to water it as the soil dries out, replant when the root grows.
Despite the fact that all the species presented are undemanding and will not cause much difficulty in care, it is difficult to call them ugly.
Each has its own special and exotic beauty.
How to determine the name of a houseplant
Sometimes a new green pet does not come into the house from a flower shop and it is difficult for an ordinary person to determine its name. Meanwhile, knowing the name makes it possible to provide proper care.
But how do you determine the name of a stranger who has entered the house? The best option is to contact a biologist or agronomist. But not everyone has familiar botanists or gardeners. The second option is flower guides, but this one will take too long.
But do not despair, because we have the Internet. So it is worth posting a photo of a flower on a forum or in a thematic group with a request to help in determining the name, or search it yourself.
For this you need:
- Take a picture of the plant, while the photo must be extremely clear;
- In the browser, set the request "catalog of indoor plants" and enter the pictures;
- Click on the camera image at the end of the line and "Select file", through which you upload the photo;
- After the image is loaded at the bottom of the page, the phrase "It seems in the picture" will appear and then a list of names from which the desired one will be found.
There are many options, but they differ in time costs. The easiest is the last option, the most effective is the advice of a specialist.
The variety of indoor plants cannot but amaze: flowering, fruit, deciduous, they are all beautiful and unique in their own way.
Indoor plants and their names, watch the video:
If desired, even the most unlucky gardener can pick up something unique and inimitable.