By the appearance of musky hibiscus, it is easy to determine that it belongs to shrubs. The plant is perennial and attracts attention with its decorative effect, rich color of leaves and brightness of large flowers of exquisite shape.
It is these flowers that are valuable raw materials - the famous hibiscus tea is made from them, used for the manufacture of medical and cosmetic products, exquisite culinary dishes.
- Description of the plant hibiscus marsh
- Hibiscus musky hibiscus red, features of its preparation and application
- Growing hibiscus musk from seeds
- Propagation by cuttings and dividing the bush
- Herbaceous musky hibiscus - care recommendations
Description of the plant hibiscus marsh
Hibiscus moscheutos, or marsh hibiscus, it is also musky, belongs to the mallow family, the number of representatives of this genus, according to some sources, reaches three hundred.
Hibiscus, like a real shrub, has several stems with stiff bark. The plant does not have any special requirements for care and location; it can be grown quite successfully in the garden.
But to get long flowering, you still need:
- maintain soil moisture in the trunk circle
- make periodic feeding
- provide good lighting
Each of the buds of the plant blooms for only a day, but the formation of buds itself can last from May to October. On an adult plant, ten flowers are often revealed in one day.
Their shape is very exquisite, and the diameter can reach 15 cm.The flower has the formula: H (5) L5T (10) P. Flowers can be double or simple. And the options for their color amaze the imagination with their diversity: from delicate cream to rich scarlet and purple-violet.
In the wild, musky hibiscus is found in the south-east of Asia, in the tropical part of America and the African continent.
And the Thai, Chinese, Egyptians, Mexicans grow gibikskus on plantations - in order to obtain valuable raw materials for making tea.
Hibiscus musky hibiscus red, features of its preparation and application
As raw materials, not only fresh and dried flowers are harvested, but also roots. When collecting flowers, use garden shears, or simply cut them off with your hands. Harvesting is done every ten days. When harvesting, the seed pods are removed so that only the petals remain.
For the preparation of medicines and cosmetics, six-day ovaries are collected, this is the period of the highest saturation of the petals with valuable substances.
They contain the following elements:
- organic acids
- phytosterols and flavonoids
- polysaccharides and pectin
Drying of petals for hibiscus tea is carried out in ventilated rooms, avoiding sunlight. For storage of the dry product, paper bags are used.
Hibiscus ovaries are also stored frozen, canned and boiled.
Growing hibiscus musk from seeds
It is not difficult to grow a new tea rose from seeds by sucking. First you need to collect these same seeds. They are found in the pods that form after flowering is complete. When ripe, the pods turn brown.
Before harvesting seeds, it is recommended to cover the ground around the plant with a piece of cloth or paper bags - otherwise seed loss can be large. Collecting seeds that have fallen on the canvas from cracked pods is not at all difficult.
If the seeds are purchased in a store, you should study the information on the purchased variety.
Before starting sowing, it is recommended to check the seeds for germination. To do this, wrap a few seeds in a piece of damp cloth, pack in polyethylene and keep in room conditions for a week. During this time, the seeds should swell, and root formation may begin on them. Such seeds are quite suitable for sowing.
For sowing, prepare a container, fill it with soil. The distance between the seeds should be 0.5 cm. The crops should be lightly sprinkled with soil. Next, you need to moisten the substrate well and place the container in a warm, lighted place.
Seedlings can be expected in a couple of weeks.
This breeding method has its pros and cons:
- seedlings from seeds are strong, viable and resistant to weather conditions
- but at the same time there is no guarantee that the varietal qualities of the plant will be preserved
Propagation by cuttings and dividing the bush
It is much easier to propagate a Chinese rose by cuttings. A piece of branch is suitable for planting, it is best to take it from the top of the bush.
Before planting, the lower leaves should be removed; you can plant it directly into the soil of a suitable composition. After filling the container with the substrate, it is well watered, a hole is made in the center of the pot into which the cutting is planted. A growth accelerator can be added to the soil.
To create more comfortable conditions for a new plant, you can build a greenhouse around it from a plastic bag. The location of the seedling should be well lit, but direct sunlight should not fall on the leaves.
It will take about three weeks for the roots to appear.
Only heavily overgrown bushes can be subdivided. The best time to do this kind of work is in the spring. At the same time, the bush is dug out completely, divided into two or more parts, depending on the number of buds or stems. You can divide the roots with your hands, the use of a pruner is allowed.
This method allows you to preserve the purity of the variety, and therefore its quality characteristics.
Musk hibiscus - care recommendations
Caring for the plant will not cause difficulties if you do not ignore certain rules:
- you can place a flowerpot in partial shade, provided that for 6 hours a day the flower will be in a room lit by the sun
- the soil can be slightly acidic (up to pH 6.5), half of peat, a large percentage of organic matter in the soil is encouraged
- it is necessary to arrange high-quality drainage, stagnant water will cause decay of the roots
- we should not forget that hibiscus is a moisture-loving plant, i.e. watering should be moderate, but systematic
- the plant signals the lack of moisture with withered leaves
- for irrigation, you can use settled tap water
Periodically it is recommended to carry out pruning, in the spring it will be an incentive to rejuvenate the plant. If the hibiscus is grown outdoors, then the autumn pruning should be discarded.
Clean gardening tools should be used for pruning; dead and diseased branches should be removed.
Recommendations for the care of herbaceous musky hibiscus, in particular pruning, are somewhat different:
- it is recommended to cut off all branches before wintering
- the plant itself will require shelter for the period of winter frosts
- in the spring, to accelerate the growth of new shoots, you can build a greenhouse above the bush
Fertilizing the plant consists in the introduction of a large amount of potassium, a limited amount of nitrogen. It is better to refuse the introduction of phosphorus-containing substances.
In winter, no feeding is done.
You can learn more about red hibiscus tea and its beneficial properties by watching the video: