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When to dig up Jerusalem artichoke, how to store it correctly, can it be frozen


Jerusalem artichoke belongs to unpretentious plants that do not require special care. you will need to know when to dig up Jerusalem artichoke.

Content:

  1. Harvest time - when to dig up Jerusalem artichoke
  2. How to plant Jerusalem artichoke correctly
  3. Harvesting recipes for the winter, is it possible to freeze Jerusalem artichoke
  4. Jerusalem artichoke in folk medicine

Harvest time - when to dig up Jerusalem artichoke

One of the main features of the root crop is the fact that it perfectly tolerates the winter cold in the soil. It does not freeze and does not deteriorate even with strong temperature fluctuations, if you sprinkle the plantings with fallen leaves or dry grass in advance.

However, crops are often harvested in the fall. But in this case, it is better to finish with the collection before the first frosts and rains, as they can significantly complicate the assembly process.

It is also important to take into account that the root crop receives the largest amount of nutrients in the middle of autumn, therefore it is not recommended to cut off the shoots before November. This negatively affects the taste.

It is worth picking up the harvest at the end of November.

This requires:

  • Cut off the stems, leaving at least 20 cm of shoots;
  • Leave the plant like this for several weeks until fully ripe;
  • Dig up the roots, leaving some for spring harvest.

The latter are recommended to be removed before the spring warms up the soil. If you do not have time to do this, the tuber will take root and grow again.

How to plant Jerusalem artichoke correctly

Despite the fact that the plant is not whimsical, you should pay attention to some nuances when caring for it.

The main ones are:

  • In order for the root crop to give a good harvest, it is recommended to prepare the soil in the fall. To do this, you need to dig up the area to the depth of a bayonet, remove the roots of weeds, apply fertilizer;
  • Root crops should be planted in early spring with the soil warming up to 16-18 ° C;
  • Planting time is the first half of April or early May;
  • For planting, it is better to choose tubers without mechanical damage or signs of disease. It is important to remember that the quality of the crop directly depends on the quality of the seed;
  • Before direct planting, the beds need to be dug up again, loosened and leveled;
  • The row spacing should be 70 cm;
  • The depth of the tuber hole is 15 cm, the optimal distance between the holes is 30-50 cm.

It is important to adhere to these rules because of its property to grow up to two and a half meters in height. When leaving, it is important to remember that tubers prefer soils with sufficient permeability to water and air.

Harvesting recipes for the winter, is it possible to freeze Jerusalem artichoke

There are a number of ways to harvest root crops for the winter. The most common and commonly used are the following.

Drying

It is recommended to thoroughly clean and wash the Jerusalem artichoke before drying. It is worth choosing good fruits, which do not show signs of damage.

Cut into small thin slices, which should be laid out in a thin layer on a plate and placed in the fresh air.

In this case, it is important that direct sunlight does not fall on them until the moisture has completely evaporated.

Freezing

For this, the tubers need to be washed and cut into small pieces. Blanch in milk-curd whey for 5-10 minutes, then let cool and place in the freezer.

Drying in the oven

You do not need to cut the tubers right away. Blanch them in a mixture of water and a teaspoon of baking soda for nine minutes before drying.

After that, allow to cool and cut into thin slices, then put them in a thin layer and send to the oven, preheated to + 60 C and dry until tender.

Then allow to cool and place in a glass container, which must then be tightly closed. If this is not done, insects can start in the dryer.

In some cases, not only pieces of dried fruit are used, but also a powder from them. It is important to remember that Jerusalem artichoke can only be frozen in the freezer, since it will last no more than a month in the refrigerator.

Jerusalem artichoke in folk medicine

Like many other plants, it has found use not only in cooking, its medicinal properties are widely used in folk medicine.

It is used for:

  • The need for general improvement - for this, it is recommended to eat 50 grams of tubers every day, without adding seasonings and peeling the skin half an hour before the main meal;
  • To increase the defense of the immune system, you can prepare a drink from the stems and leaves collected during the flowering period and dried. Pour 20 g of greens with one liter of boiled water and let it brew. Filter and drink during the day instead of tea;
  • Diabetes mellitus - for this you need to collect the stems and flowers of the plant, thoroughly wash them from dust and cut them, preparing a salad seasoned with vegetable oil. You can add other vegetables as desired;
  • Malfunctions of the pancreas, high blood pressure or low hemoglobin, it is recommended to drink decoctions from tubers. For cooking, you need to pour five tubers with a liter of water and cook over low heat until softened. Drink one glass throughout the day;
  • Systematic headache - it is recommended to grate the fruits, squeeze the gruel and dilute the juice in a ratio of 1/1 with water. Drink a couple of spoons in the morning before breakfast.

Despite its apparent simplicity, Jerusalem artichoke has a lot of useful properties. Do not underestimate this root vegetable; if used correctly, it can become not only tasty, but also a healthy dish.

Harvesting and planting a plant does not require special knowledge, but you should not treat this with negligence.

Subject to all the rules of planting, harvesting and storage, the root crop will delight lovers with a bountiful harvest and a pleasant taste.

We offer you to watch an interesting video about growing Jerusalem artichoke and its benefits:


Watch the video: Jerusalem Artichoke every thing you need to know! (January 2022).