Conifers are often considered evergreen, which is not entirely true. Among the spruces and pines, a number of species are distinguished, which, being conifers, shed their foliage for the winter.
One of the most famous representatives is larch - a plant that sheds needles for the winter, is distinguished by its endurance and unpretentious care.
- Conifers and their features
- A coniferous tree that sheds needles for the winter, is it the only one?
- Siberian larch sheds needles for the winter, which makes it more interesting
- Does the fir drop needles for the winter
Conifers and their features
Conifers have long and firmly occupied a special place in the landscape gardening culture, thanks to their unpretentiousness and resilience. Green spaces look spectacular in winter under a cap of snow, which only increases the level of their attractiveness.
However, it is worth remembering that not all trees in this group are evergreen. So larch, metasequoia and marsh cypress shed their needles as the temperature drops. In the rest of the representatives, the leaves fall off gradually and non-simultaneously. At the same time, the fall does not depend on the season.
The benefits of conifers include:
- They are actively used in traditional and alternative medicine;
- Due to the natural correct shape, they practically do not need crown formation;
- A variety of shapes and types, which makes it possible to use in garden plots of various sizes;
- Good tolerance to lack of water and light.
The combination of these factors determines the breadth of distribution of these plants. Ease of care and resistance to disease attracts many, both beginners and experienced gardeners.
A coniferous tree that sheds needles for the winter, is it the only one?
In addition to larch, there are several other types of deciduous conifers.
Famous and common representatives include the following.
Marsh cypress (taxodium two-row)
The plant is native to North America. It is distinguished by strong wood and the presence of respiratory roots (pneumatophores). The development of the latter is due to the natural distribution of the species.
Found in swamp areas of the United States (from Texas to Delaware). Since the bog soil is characterized by a large amount of moisture and a lack of air, the respiratory roots provide the plant with an additional source of oxygen. By the fall, not only leaves fall, but also twigs.
Kempfmer's false larch
Outwardly, it is very similar to the Siberian Larch, it is easy for an inexperienced gardener to make a mistake. The difference lies in the fact that this species does not have cones, which crumble when ripe to diamond-shaped plates, like a cedar.
The distribution area of the plant is the mountains of East China, where the plant forms forests. It became widespread in gardening culture because of the peculiar beauty of the needles.
The tall tree is distinguished by a straight trunk and a broad-conical crown of a light green color. The needles of the plant are soft, by autumn they turn yellow and fall, sometimes even together with the twigs.
The speed is different. growth and unpretentious care. It is not resistant to temperature fluctuations, but grows better in the humid subtropics, along the outskirts of hollows and river beds.
Metasequoia and Taxodium are related species, despite the fact that they are distributed on different continents. Each of the deciduous species has a number of characteristics, but the seasonal dropping of needles unites them.
Siberian larch sheds needles for the winter, which makes it more interesting
Siberian larch is widespread in Russia from the Sea of Okhotsk to Lake Onega. It is considered the main species that forms the forests of this region.
The features of the species include:
- Unlike other types of wood, over time, the durability of wood only increases, so it is often used in the construction of houses, shipbuilding. In museums, there are products made of larch, which have only darkened over the centuries that have been spent in the mounds of Altai.
- A large number of Russian cities have been built on this wood. In addition, it is known that even in tsarist times it was exported. So the piles of houses in Venice were also made from this very breed;
- In addition to deciduousness, the plant is distinguished by its durability, it can live from four hundred to five hundred years;
- Larch belongs to dioecious plants, that is, both female and male cones are located on the same tree, which is typical for many coniferous species;
- The plant perfectly tolerates not only a decrease, but also a significant increase in temperature. This feature makes it possible to grow it not only in the harsh conditions of the north, but also in the hot climate of the south. Drought, with proper care, will not harm the tree;
- The trunks of the trees are straight and can reach a height of thirty to forty meters. But sometimes they can exceed this size up to fifty meters with a trunk thickness of up to two.
The mechanism of shedding foliage for the winter has developed in larch as a result of climate change. Seasonal cold snap significantly impairs the process of plant enrichment with water, and in the presence of green foliage, this disadvantage is significantly aggravated.
To avoid the danger of dying due to lack of water and oxygen, larch had to adapt.
Being an unpretentious and hardy species, larch is widely spread over many regions and areas of the globe. It is used both as a horticultural and industrial crop. The tree can not only decorate the site, but also ensure the durability of the building.
Does the fir drop needles for the winter
There are several types of deciduous conifers. The fall of leaves in these species arose as a result of adaptation to a cooling climate. However, for the majority of conifers, it remains characteristic of the preservation of a vigorous green appearance at all seasons.
One of the brightest representatives of evergreens is the fir, which belongs to the Pine family.
The main features of the species include:
- Unlike other representatives of evergreen trees, fir reproduces not only by seeds, but also by layering, which is formed as a result of grounding its lower branches;
- Monoecious - the trees are dioecious, on the same plant both male and female genital organs are formed at the same time;
- It tolerates shade perfectly, the lack of good lighting does not oppress the plant;
- The growth of fir in the first ten years of life is slow and only after that it begins to accelerate sharply;
- The average life span of a tree is from three hundred to five hundred years, sometimes it can live up to seven hundred;
- Flowering begins at the age of sixty when grown in the forest and at the fortieth in the park;
- Fir cones, unlike pine and spruce, are arranged vertically, resembling candles. They do not fall off, while maintaining their integrity, but scatter on a branch, like cedar and false larch in autumn or early winter.
Since the fir is an evergreen tree. Unlike larch, this species does not completely shed its needles for the winter.
The needles are renewed gradually, regardless of the season. That is why it seems that the fir does not shed its foliage at all.
The widespread belief that all conifers are evergreen is erroneous.
A striking example of deciduous representatives is larch - a tree unique in its durability, widespread in horticulture. It is used for landscaping areas of various sizes, wood is highly valued in construction.
You will learn more about larch and the secrets of its cultivation by watching the video: