Purslane plant is not unambiguous. Traditional healers claim that it is an excellent remedy for treating a number of diseases, designers willingly use cultivated varieties for landscaping suburban areas, gardeners consider it one of the most difficult to remove weeds.
Therefore, we propose to understand what a purslane is, learn about its properties, the features of its cultivation.
- What is purslane, its features
- Growing, care, breeding methods
- Edible, in what form is eaten
- Vegetable purslane - healing properties, useful recipes
- Wild - how to remove the weed on the site
- Purslane flower and its decorative properties
What is purslane, its features
The plant belongs to annuals, its branched stems are rather thick, can be ascending or recumbent. The leaves are fleshy, oblong.
Wild purslane has small yellow flowers. The fruits are dark brown seeds, ripening in a spherical capsule. It reproduces by self-seeding.
The west of India is considered the homeland, but today it lives in different countries on all continents, with more or less warm climatic conditions.
There is a purslane in the wild, its habitat is wastelands and vegetable gardens. He loves an open, well-lit area, tolerates heat and prolonged droughts.
Growing, care, breeding methods
Drought tolerance makes care much easier. For breeding, seeds are usually used, their germination is excellent.
When planting seedlings, sowing seeds is carried out in April. Do not water the gatherings abundantly. Planting seedlings is usually resorted to in areas with cold climates and short summers.
Seedlings that have reached three weeks of age are planted in the ground.
The second method of propagation by cuttings. In this case, you will need to organize storage of mother plants throughout the winter. With the onset of spring, the shoots are cut and planted in the ground.
How to sow seeds
Seeds are sown in rows, the distance between them should be about half a meter. The depth of the hole is within 1 cm because the seeds are very small. Crops are thinned out after the appearance of two leaves. The recommended distance between the bushes is 10 cm.
Sowing should be carried out during the period when the threat of recurrent frosts has passed.
Watering the plants will be required, but the amount of water should be moderate. Weeds should not be allowed to appear on the beds; periodic loosening of the soil will not hurt either.
For top dressing, it is recommended to use a complete mineral fertilizer.
You can cut off shoots for cooking or for medicinal purposes 10 days after planting the seedlings. Three crops are usually harvested per season. With the onset of flowering, the bushes are left alone - the leaves and stems become tough and acquire a too harsh taste.
Purslane is an edible plant in what form it is eaten
It is widely used in traditional medicine, it is an indispensable component of home cosmetics. The aboveground parts are quite suitable for food use.
Juicy shoots, cut before flowering, are an excellent addition to vegetable salads, their taste resembles sorrel and spinach, a little tart, and the smell is quite pleasant.
Purslane is included in many traditional Mediterranean, Caucasian and Asian recipes. Fresh young shoots are used raw and boiled, or fried in oil.
They are pickled and stewed, added to meat dishes, sometimes they are replaced by capers.
Vegetable purslane and its healing properties, useful recipes
Studies have shown that purslane owes its healing properties to a unique composition of chemicals in its composition.
Found in it:
- lutein and beta-carotene from which vitamin A is formed
- a number of organic sugars that fuel cells
- coumarin compounds that have an effect on blood clots, which are anticoagulants
- organic acids that stimulate metabolic processes in the body
- magnesium, potassium, calcium necessary for the body's activity
- flonoids and vitamins
Such a unique composition allows the use of all parts of the plant for treatment:
- psoriasis and neurodermatitis of the scalp
- ailments caused by high cholesterol levels
- diseases requiring stabilization of blood glucose levels
- cardiac disorders
Juice, decoctions and infusions of leaves and stems will help:
- cope with liver ailments
- ease the condition with gallstone disease
- relieve inflammation in urethritis and cystitis
- will act as a diuretic
- reduce inflammation of the gums
- relieve the symptoms of conjunctivitis
- remove allergic manifestations after bee stings
Purslane has good anthelmintic properties. Fresh juice can help treat warts. Seeds with honey are very successful in relieving asthma attacks.
To prepare the infusion, you will need to pour two tablespoons of chopped herbs with boiling water, it will take 300 g. It is recommended to infuse from one hour to one and a half hours. Such an infusion can be taken for the prevention of diseases in half a tablespoon, for the treatment of 2/3 tablespoon.
For medicinal purposes, fresh juice from the stems is also taken.
Who is not recommended to use purslane
Acceptance of funds that include purslane should be treated with caution:
- lactating women and pregnant women
- patients of cardiologists suffering from bradycardia,
- with disorders in the activity of the vegetative-vascular system
- hypertensive patients
- patients with high CNS excitability
To prepare remedies according to folk recipes, they use garden purslane, or, as it is also called, vegetable.
Wild purslane, we remove the weed on the site
The ability of wild-growing purslane at great speed to fill all new spaces and displace vegetable crops causes a lot of harm to gardeners.
Not only is the plant distinguished by enviable vitality, each of them is capable of ripening thousands of seeds by autumn, which are distinguished by good germination. It is also interesting that the seeds retain their ability to germinate for 10 years.
The above reasons are valid enough to adopt all known remedies against this plant.
The following measures will be effective:
- digging the soil to a depth of 25-30 cm, in autumn or early spring, seeds that have fallen to a great depth will not be able to sprout
- beds with seedlings of cultivated plants are recommended to be covered with a thick layer of mulch, for this you can use straw, dried grass, tree bark, as well as covering material or black plastic wrap
- carrying out regular weeding of the beds with complete removal of all weeds on them
- disposal of removed weeds by burning or composting
To achieve a quick effect will help the use of chemical systemic agents - herbicides. Treatments are carried out after germination. The choice of herbicides should take into account the crops planted in the beds, because herbicides are strictly suitable for certain types of plants. For example, a carrot field can be treated with Stomp herbicide; Zenkor is suitable for potato beds.
Purslane flower and its decorative properties
When creating a decor for a garden and a backyard territory, cultural large-flowered varieties are used. Although they are perennials, they are grown in culture as annuals.
Creeping shoots, the height reaches 20 cm.The flowers can be simple and double, cupped, about 3 cm in diameter.
Purslane looks especially attractive on alpine hills, in rockeries, it is used to create picturesque living borders. An attractive moment is the very bright green of the leaves and the varied color of flowers, from cream and white to rich yellow, orange, raspberry, red.
Especially popular with gardeners:
- double variety double mix
- Splendens with bright purple flowers
- bicolor cultivars
Often, the culture is used as a container plant for decorating verandas and balconies, hanging baskets, and planted in street vases.
Large-flowered purslane is often used to create carpet flower beds, flower beds and flower beds. It is ennobled with the appearance of dry slopes, retaining stone walls.
In dry soil conditions, the plant can be used to create a lawn. The plant is not demanding to care for, but in order to admire the large bright flowers, it is recommended to choose for planting with maximum illumination.
South windows are suitable for growing in the apartment.
There are no requirements for the temperature regime, the plant withstands high temperatures well. Watering, especially in dry and hot periods, is recommended systematic, but stagnation of water should not be allowed.
Plants planted in containers especially need watering. But watering should still be moderate.
It is better to purchase seeds of ornamental varieties in specialized stores, if you wish, you can buy seedlings in horticultural centers or nurseries.
You should choose cups with well-developed, without signs of decay, seedlings. As for pests and diseases, purslane is not affected so often. Sometimes there may be deformation of shoots and spots on the leaves caused by fungi.
The situation can be corrected by removing and destroying the affected plant fragments with further processing of healthy parts with fungicides containing copper.
Only plants planted on poor soils should be fed.
Growing purslane as an ornamental crop and medicinal plant is a profitable business, it is not difficult to get the desired results, the plant does not require special care.
But the fight against a purslane that has arbitrarily settled in the garden will require strength and ingenuity, it is not so easy to rid the beds of it.
You can get even more useful information about growing purslane by watching the video: