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Indoor pomegranate, growing from seeds and cuttings, care features


Pomegranate belongs to the family Loosestones. Dwarf varieties are suitable for home cultivation.

The seeds of the plant can be purchased at the store. The most popular varieties in our country are "Carthage" and "Baby".

Content:

  1. Description of the plant
  2. Growing indoor pomegranate from seeds on a windowsill
  3. Growing pomegranate at home from cuttings
  4. Care features
  5. Is it possible to eat the fruits of a decorative dwarf pomegranate
  6. What diseases are indoor pomegranate susceptible to, plant pests

Description of the plant

Dwarf pomegranate is the most unpretentious exotic plant for growing at home. It is a perennial deciduous shrub about a meter high. It has a branched trunk with light brown bark and many thin, thorny branches. The sprawling tree reaches a width of 120 cm, when grown in a pot - 90 cm.

The leaves are oval glossy. In the spring they have a bronze color, in the summer they turn green, in the fall, before falling off, they turn yellow. The leaves are small, up to 3 cm long. They are located on short red petioles.

The dwarf pomegranate blooms profusely from May to September. It has tubular red or orange flowers that reach a length of 4 cm. Most of them have a short column and do not form an ovary. Those with a long column bear fruit. But such flowers are not more than 10%.

The buds appear daily. The infertile ones fall off after a couple of days, the fertile ones stay for a week and a half. The beauty of the pomegranate is that its flowering continues even during the fruiting period.

Berries up to 5 cm in diameter are formed on the bush. They have a thin but hard skin that is yellow, orange, brown or red in color. The pulp is dark red.

Growing indoor pomegranate from seeds on a windowsill

For this method, seeds from a store are more suitable. They will provide flowering in the same year, and fruiting in a year or two. If you take grains from a purchased fruit, the plant will bloom only after 7 years, and its size will be too large for an apartment.

If you want to prepare the seeds yourself, you should take them from the fresh fruit of the bonsai. The seeds remain viable for about six months, but the earlier they are planted, the better.

The optimal sowing time is late autumn or early spring. In this case, seedlings will appear in two weeks. Otherwise, they will have to wait for several months.

The seed is cleaned of pulp, washed and dried. It should be light in color and firm to the touch. Green and soft seeds will not work.

Before sowing, they should be soaked for a day in a solution of Zircon or Kornevin.

Too many grains do not need to be harvested, because their germination rate is 95%.

Land for planting is prepared from peat and sand in a 1: 1 ratio. It is abundantly moistened and seeds are placed in it to a depth of 1 cm. The surface is covered with a glass jar or transparent film to create a greenhouse effect. The container with seedlings is placed in a well-lit place with a temperature of 25-27 0ะก.

After the appearance of the first shoots, the covering material is removed. The appearance of 2-3 real leaves indicates that it is time for a pick. The strongest sprouts are planted in pots with a diameter of 6 cm. The soil is prepared from turf, humus, sand and peat in a ratio of 2: 1: 0.5: 0.5. A drainage layer is placed on the bottom of the container.

In order for future plants to develop well, they should be provided with warmth and light, protection from direct sunlight, regular moistening by spraying from a spray bottle. For growth in width, the sprouts are pinched.

Growing pomegranate at home from cuttings

This method has several advantages over the previous one. Trees grown in this way begin to bloom and bear fruit earlier. In addition, the fruits are of higher quality. All features of the variety, including disease resistance, are better preserved during cuttings.

Planting material is harvested in mid-summer or late winter. In July, take semi-lignified twigs. They take root better. In February, the shoots are completely lignified. They are used more often, since the plant does not bloom at this time, and it is not so dangerous to damage its integrity.

Take cuttings from fruiting pomegranates. It should be borne in mind that the survival rate is only 50%. Each branch should have 6-7 buds. The sections are processed by Kornevin.

Rooting can take place in water or directly in the soil. To do this, take a mixture of peat and sand, moisten well and place a twig in it at an angle of 450 by 2-3 cm in depth. Cover with foil or glass from above and put on a windowsill in a warm room. The temperature should not fall below + 23 C.

With regular watering and airing, the first roots will appear in a couple of weeks. Full rooting will occur in a month. Young kidneys will notify about this. At this time, the shelter is removed and the constant moistening of the soil continues. In order for the pomegranate to branch profusely, the growing shoot is shortened by a third.

Care features

Dwarf pomegranate is unpretentious. Even if you don't bother taking care of the plant, it will feel good. True, flowers and fruits in this case can not be expected.

But if you follow all the subtleties of keeping the tree, it will regularly delight the owners with flowering and fruiting.

Lighting

Pomegranate is very light-requiring. Even in winter, you should create a daylight for him not shorter than 12 hours. For this, phytolamps are used. It is better to keep the plant on a windowsill on the south, southwest or southeast side.

Adult trees are not afraid of direct sunlight, so shading them is not necessary. In summer, it is advisable to keep the pomegranate on the balcony or outside. The main thing is that the place is well lit and protected from drafts.

In the early days, you should keep the tree in the shade so that it gets used to the new weather conditions.

Temperature

In summer, the optimum temperature is +25 C, in winter +11 C. Some growers are sure that indoor pomegranates have a dormant period in the cold season, and they advise to provide cool conditions for at least a month to give the tree a rest.

True, many argue that if this is not done, the plant will not suffer, and the quality of flowering will not decrease.

Watering

Indoor pomegranate loves moisture. It should be watered abundantly 1-2 times a week during flowering and fruiting. But you can't pour it either. In this case, the leaves will begin to turn yellow. To avoid waterlogging, the soil should be provided with a drainage layer, and the pot with an opening for excess water outflow.

Also, in the warm season, spraying is necessary twice a week. In hot weather, you can do this more often. In winter, watering is reduced, but they make sure that the earth does not dry out.

Fertilizer

You can feed a dwarf pomegranate no more than 2 times a month. In spring and summer, nitrogen fertilizers are applied, closer to autumn - based on potassium. Complex feeding is also added once a month. In winter, when watering is reduced, no fertilization is required.

Pruning

The crown is formed in February. It is drawn up depending on the wishes. As a result, you can get a round shrub or standard tree. During the growth period, it is permissible to remove branches that spoil the appearance. During pruning, 4-6 large branches are left. Each process will retain 5 internodes.

The slices are made over the upward-facing bud so that the shoots do not get confused. Also remove the lower branches growing horizontally. It is important to cut off those branches on which the fruits have ripened.

Sanitary pruning is done regularly. In the first year of flowering, all the buds are removed to ensure the normal development of the tree.

Transfer

Young plants are replanted every year. Trees older than three years - every 2-3 years. The procedure is carried out in the spring. To do this, carefully take out the pomegranate along with a lump of earth and place it in a new pot, 2-3 cm wider.

If the roots are damaged, sprinkle them with charcoal. The empty space in a new container is filled with sod with sand. Don't forget about the drainage layer. It should take up a quarter of the volume. It is important to choose a pot that is not too large.

Some tightness of the roots provides more abundant flowering.

Is it possible to eat the fruits of a decorative dwarf pomegranate

The fruits of the dwarf pomegranate are edible, like those of its larger relatives. True, not everyone likes the taste. There is no sweetness in the berries, the taste is sour.

In some sources, you can find an opinion about the toxicity of all parts of the plant. Allegedly, they contain a lethal dose of alkaloids.

But it is not so. The roots, leaves and fruits are used in traditional medicine. Of course, in minimal dosages. As the saying goes, "there is medicine in a spoon, poison in a cup."

It is also not recommended to consume concentrated pomegranate juice from homemade fruits. Due to the increased acidity, there is a risk of mucosal burns. Otherwise, dwarf pomegranate seeds can be eaten without fear.

What diseases are indoor pomegranate susceptible to?

The plant has no immunity from diseases and parasites. You should carefully monitor the health of the tree and take timely measures to eliminate problems, otherwise the pomegranate will die. Consider those that are met frequently.

Decay of roots

Due to strong waterlogging, the root system suffers. You can understand that this has happened by the yellow and brown spots on the leaves.

A transplant with the removal of dead roots helps to solve the problem. Sections are dried and treated with charcoal. It is important to avoid overfilling in the future.

Branch cancer

It occurs due to hypothermia or mechanical damage. In this case, the branches are covered with cracks. The bark swells around the edges. Treatment involves removing the affected shoots. Sometimes you have to cut off most of the crown.

This cannot be avoided, otherwise the plant cannot be saved. For prevention, the temperature regime should be observed, the processes should not be broken off, the pruning should be carried out with a sharp disinfected tool.

Powdery mildew

Appears in poorly ventilated areas with high air humidity. Temperature changes also contribute to the disease. Pomegranates can also get infected from other indoor plants.

Washing the leaves and spraying with soap and soda solution helps to get rid of the misfortune.

Pests, if not noticed and eliminated in a timely manner, can cause damage no less than disease.

Spider mite

It bites through the upper tissues of the plant and feeds on its juices. Leaves white grains on the lower surface of the leaf. With a serious lesion, a cobweb appears.

The parasite feels comfortable in dry rooms and attacks weakened plants in need of watering or overfed with nitrogen fertilizers.

To get rid of the tick, the tree is washed under the shower and treated with acaricides (Neoron, Akarin, Agaverin).

Shield

Sucking insects. They look like brown bumps 2-5 mm in diameter. Easily removable. Areas of leaves underneath are discolored. A sticky plaque appears around. The parasites are covered with shields, so contact insecticides do not work on them.

Insects should be collected by hand, and the plant should be treated with alcohol, water-oil emulsion or systemic intestinal preparations. It is also helpful to replace the topsoil.

Whitefly

Another sucking parasite. These are white flies that leave white oval larvae on the inner surface of the leaf.

High temperatures save the insect. If the pomegranate is left on a closed balcony on a hot day, whiteflies will die. In the absence of the desired result, treatment with contact insecticides (Agravertin, Inta-vir, Fitoverm) will help.

Aphid

Green, brown or black insects up to 2 mm in size. There are winged or wingless. Mostly localized at the top of the crown. They are easy to move and quickly affect all the flora in the house.

To combat aphids, use a soap solution or chemicals (Akarin, Askara, Iskra-bio). Before the procedure, the soil should be covered.

A dwarf indoor pomegranate will undoubtedly decorate any interior. The decorative qualities of the plant are given by bright flowers and beautiful fruits. The tree multiplies easily. With proper care, it will delight the owners for many years.

You will learn more about growing indoor pomegranate from seeds by watching the video:


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