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Cilantro kernels, leaves and root - as used in cooking and traditional medicine


In our latitudes, cilantro has become widespread, along with dill and parsley. Cilantro kernels are widely used in cooking and medicine.

Content:

  1. Growing cilantro, the secrets of proper care
  2. We get the spice on the windowsill
  3. How are coriander grains (coriander) used in cooking
  4. The use of coriander in traditional medicine
  5. How is cilantro root used

Growing cilantro, the secrets of proper care

Cilantro (or coriander) is a frequent visitor to summer cottages and vegetable gardens in our area. Many do not realize that the spice came to the table from Asian countries, where it was grown for the past millennia.

Although the plant is native to hot countries, coriander thrives in the middle climatic zone, as well as in latitudes with cooler climates. Cilantro surprisingly combines cold resistance and thermophilicity, is unpretentious to care for and easy to grow.

Seat selection

For landing, choose places with an abundance of sunlight. In shaded areas, cilantro is not sufficiently enriched with essential oils, has a weak taste and aroma, and is more like a weed. Grows best in loose, nutritious soil. On damp soils, the roots of the plant often rot. Coriander perfectly coexists with other spicy plants (dill, caraway seeds).

Boarding time

They begin to plant seeds in mid-spring, when the soil warms up slightly. Cilantro is cold-resistant and survives small frosts up to -5 C. To enjoy the spice longer, planting can be carried out several times, until mid-July.

Training

The grains are covered with a dense shell and germinate for a long time (up to two weeks). To speed up the emergence of shoots, they are pre-soaked in warm water for 1-2 days.

Fertilizer

Compost the soil before planting. When replanting, the soil is fertilized with superphosphate dressings.

Watering

Pay attention to watering, the juiciness of the greenery depends on it. For 1 sq.m. requires about 5 liters of water. Avoid drought during hot weather. Lack of moisture slows down the growth and maturation of the grass. When the earth dries up slightly, it is loosened.

The greens are cut after 1-1.5 months after the sprouts appear, until the buds are formed. By this time, the bushes reach a height of 12-15 cm. After flowering, the grass quickly loses its taste and becomes rough.

Cilantro is grown both for collecting greens and seeds. The grains are dried and harvested for the winter.

We get the spice on the windowsill

If you don't have a plot of land, cilantro can be grown on a windowsill or balcony. The growing place should be as sunny as possible. For sowing, March is best suited.

Container selection

The size of the container is determined by how much crop you want to get. Standard flower pots with drainage holes will do. For a large number of bushes, it is better to take seedling containers. Breathable ceramic or wooden containers are suitable.

Priming

It is important to take fertile loose soil. Use regular garden soil or store-bought general purpose substrate.

Sowing

The fresher the grains are, the higher the percentage of germination. It is not necessary to plant the plants too densely, a distance of at least 4 cm should remain. The seeds are immersed to a depth of 1-1.5 cm. Note that the cilantro root is easily damaged, the plant is not suitable for transplantation.

Germination

To create favorable conditions, containers are covered with glass or film. The greenhouse is removed after the sprouts appear. As they grow, the seedlings are thinned out, removing weak specimens.

During the short daylight hours, additional artificial illumination is organized. Maintain soil moisture. The greenery is ready to harvest in a month.

The grains are harvested after the plant has faded and the heads have dried. After collecting, the seeds are dried and stored in a paper container.

How are coriander seeds (coriander) used in cooking

Cilantro is a popular spice widely used in cooking. The most widespread is in the eastern countries. For the people of India, fruits have become the base seasoning for most dishes.

It is the seeds that represent the greatest value of the plant. Interestingly, the greens are often called cilantro, and the fruits are called coriander. Fresh grains are practically not consumed due to their specific smell. The dried spice has a wonderful sweetish taste and aroma that resembles anise.

Fresh herbs are most often cut and added to fresh vegetable salads and soups. Cilantro grains are the most popular in cooking.

They are used as follows:

  • On an industrial scale for the manufacture of cold meats and cheese.
  • While cooking vegetable soups, mashed potatoes and stews. Combine with pumpkin, cabbage, beets, carrots.
  • During the production of baked goods, cookies, loaves, rolls, gingerbread.
  • Add to dishes made from legumes (peas, beans, lentils).
  • They are mixed with other spices to create interesting compositions.
  • Season with pickled vegetables and salted fish.
  • Makes sauces more savory.

Before use, the seeds are processed: dried and ground to a powdery state.

The milled spice quickly loses its taste, so it is better to grind the grains as needed.

The use of coriander in traditional medicine

In addition to its excellent taste, coriander has a beneficial effect on various body systems. The plant contains essential oils, linoleic and other valuable acids.

In folk medicine, cilantro is used in different directions due to its diverse actions:

  • Removes excess fluid, relieves swelling. Used for cystitis, urolithiasis and pathologies of the gallbladder.
  • Has anti-inflammatory effect. Effective for arthritis and other joint diseases.
  • Due to the high content of organic acids, it prevents the accumulation of harmful cholesterol and the appearance of deposits on the walls of blood vessels.
  • The use of different parts of the plant is an excellent prevention of atherosclerosis.
  • It has antimicrobial and antifungal properties and is used to treat indigestion.
  • It is used as an excipient for hepatitis, congestion in the liver and kidneys.

The following remedy has proven itself well: for 40 grains of sugar, take 25-30 coriander grains and grind. Take 2 tsp in the morning and evening, diluted in a glass of water.

Citronellol present in the composition helps with stomatitis and unpleasant odor in the mouth.

Cilantro is rich in iron, so it is popularly considered an effective remedy for anemia.

Consuming coriander is good for women. Regular use normalizes the menstrual cycle and eliminates premenstrual syndrome.

Kniza has a beneficial effect on the health of the organs of vision. Vitamins and antioxidants protect tissues from aging.

The plant is widely used for skin diseases. The substances disinfect inflammation, have a calming and antifungal effect.

Pour boiling water over coriander seeds, cumin and peppermint and prepare the infusion. The remedy is taken when coughing to thin phlegm and facilitate its excretion.

Adding seasoning to the daily diet is advised for people prone to depression and sleep disorders. The spice provides a burst of energy and sets you in a positive mood. At the same time, coriander relaxes and has a sedative effect.

An excellent effect is given by an infusion of seeds. To prepare it, it is enough to pour one spoonful of crushed grains with 0.5 cups of alcohol in a dark glass container and leave for 2 weeks. Take 45 drops several times a day.

Coriander is also used in the pharmaceutical industry. The extract is added to preparations for gastritis, antiseptics and pain relievers.

How is cilantro root used

The thin, branchy cilantro root is the least used part of the plant. It tastes like leaves, but has a much less pronounced smell and taste. Despite the weak aroma, this part of the plant is not inferior in useful properties.

In cooking, the root is used mainly in Asian countries. It is first dried and then crushed. This seasoning is suitable for fish, meat, broths, soups and sauces.

Coriander root is also used for cosmetic purposes. Prepare the lotion by infusing the root, mixing with parsley broth and lemon juice. With the help of the product, they remove age spots and narrow enlarged pores.

Cilantro is easy to grow in the garden and even on your own windowsill. In different spheres of life, grains, roots and greens of the plant are used. The seasoning has excellent aroma and health benefits.

Watch an interesting video on how to grow cilantro throughout the year: