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How to plant a cactus with children, other methods of reproduction, is it necessary to remove children


Cacti are extraordinary plants that stand out in the flora world. Let's consider in detail the technology of plant reproduction, we will learn how to plant a cactus with children.

Content:

  1. Features of cacti as plants
  2. Varieties and their distinctive features
  3. Methods for breeding cacti at home
  4. How to plant a cactus with children
  5. How to remove children from a cactus and whether you need to cut them off
  6. How to plant a cactus shoot with roots
  7. Do succulents need care

Features of cacti as plants

These representatives of the flora belong to succulent plants. That is, they are able to accumulate moisture in their powerful stem. Unlike other green organisms, they do not have leaves. Shoots are covered with hard or soft spines that participate in photosynthesis.

The Cactus family is numerous, there are over 2 thousand species, which are united in 300 genera. America is considered the homeland and main place of growth. Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Sri Lanka are rich in various types. They grow in arid desert areas and tropical jungles. Succulents survive in extreme conditions.

The trunk, also called the body, can grow to enormous sizes in the wild. The height of the stems sometimes reaches 10 m.The highest height recorded by scientists was 19 m.

Shoots grow very slowly, the annual growth is usually small. Along with giant succulents, there are also miniature specimens. The diameter of the Blossfeldia cactus reaches 1 cm.

Thorns are needed not only for protection from predatory animals, but also for protection from the sun. No matter how thick the thorns are, they cast a shadow on the trunk. The thicker the shoots are covered, the higher the preparedness for the scorching sun.

The skin is dense, practically impervious to gases and liquids. The pubescence often plays the role of an absorbent sponge.

Another interesting feature of most species is that thorny bushes do not form inflorescences, flowers do not have a peduncle. The flower is a continuation of the stem. With an excess of fertilizing, some growing buds are modified into babies.

Flowering for these representatives of the flora is an unstable phenomenon. Some specimens bloom annually, others very rarely and only under very favorable conditions.

Some varieties bloom all over the top, creating a cap. The duration of flowering also varies. While some specimens retain flowers for several weeks, others may close after a few hours.

Plants take on different shapes depending on the species. Trunks are wrinkled, with ribs, tubercles. Ribs can be pronounced or barely visible, even or spiral. Plants cover different thorns: dense, sparse, long, short, soft or hard.

A person needs to be careful with thorns. The needles are capable of pricking, and in some species they are a source of poison.

Varieties and their distinctive features

In indoor conditions, compact varieties are grown, bred by selection. Today, the choice of dwarf specimens is huge. Those cacti that grow in natural conditions are different from domestic residents.

Desert Cacti

Desert succulents are particularly resistant to heat and drought. The trunk and thorns are adapted to the lack of essential components. With a moisture deficit, the ribs of the shoots become almost invisible, and after rains they acquire distinct outlines.

The root system of desert species adapts to external conditions. Depending on the circumstances, the roots accumulate moisture, shrink or sink into the depths of the soil. Small roots can grow above the surface, collecting dew.

Their unique adaptive properties have allowed succulents to survive for centuries.

The most common desert cacti include Astrophytums, Mammillaria, Ariocarpus, Loffophora, Cephalocereus.

Forest cacti

Forest species differ from the inhabitants of the desert, they are more demanding on living conditions. Plants need high humidity and diffused light.

Forest succulents prefer to settle in trees, feeding on decay. They are also placed in rock crevices, clinging to stones. Thanks to the aerial roots, they extract moisture for themselves.

Outwardly, forest species differ from the usual representatives of the family. The shoots of plants are elongated, hanging down, and the spines rather resemble bristles or hairs. Ripsalis, Aporocactus, Epiphyllum became widespread.

Home cacti

Domestic species are represented by flowering and non-flowering species. Flowering is always spectacular and colorful. Among the adapted varieties, there are specimens of a wide variety of forms. Non-flowering species are also attractive and decorative.

Rebutia, Cereus, Notocactus, Echinocactus, Cephalocereus and many others have gained popularity as a houseplant.

Methods for breeding cacti at home

Home cacti can be propagated in a variety of ways. Each has its own characteristics and advantages.

Seating children (processes)

The small thorny outgrowths on the plant are called babies. These parts take root and grow well. Reproduction by this method is considered one of the simplest and most effective. It is believed that the strongest shoots are located on the top of the cactus; weaker specimens grow near the ground.

Even an inexperienced amateur can handle the seating of the processes. However, this method also has a drawback. Florists have noticed that each next generation grown from children becomes weaker. Degeneration of plants takes place.

Cuttings

Most houseplants reproduce in this way. The method is quite simple and effective. However, getting a cut is not easy. There is a technology for cutting the cutting and processing it. The cut fragment is left to lie down for several days. This is followed by a long stage of rooting. The stalk takes root no earlier than in 30-60 days.

Graft

Vaccination is needed in certain situations:

  • decay of roots
  • prolonged absence of flowering
  • inability to reproduce in another way

The method is complex and does not always give the desired result. After all, every living organism tries to get rid of a foreign fragment. The beginning of summer is best suited for the procedure.

For the event to be successful, the plant that is being grafted must be young and completely healthy, as well as have a developed root system.

During the splicing period, it needs special conditions - heat and humidity.

Planting seeds

With regard to seed germination, the cactus is called one of the most capricious plants. Growing a full-fledged prickly plant from a seed is another task. However, some growers still prefer this method.

Unlike other plants, cactus seeds cannot simply be buried in the ground - they will not germinate. In small greenhouses, beds are organized, on the bottom of which drainage is placed, previously scalded with boiling water.

Calcined sand is poured on top. Seeds will germinate only under conditions of high temperature (about 30 C) and humidity. The container is covered with glass or foil and placed on the southern windowsill. The sprouts that appear will have to be handled very carefully.

Not all breeding methods are simple and fast. Lovers of thorny plants most often resort to two methods: planting children and cuttings.

How to plant a cactus with children

Seating children is the most acceptable way for a beginner. Suitable for those types of cacti that form these processes. In some species, they fall off on their own and take root after a while.

Children without roots are first placed in a substrate. Instances with developed roots are planted directly in the ground.

Before planting a new young specimen in a pot, the children are rooted. The cut fragment is first lightly dried on a clean paper sheet. To do this, be sure to choose a dark place.

The wider the cut area, the longer the process is dried. It takes at least 1-2 days for dry corn to appear. If the children fell off on their own, they start rooting immediately. This can be done in two ways.

Placement in the substrate

For rooting, take a small pot, which is only a couple of centimeters larger than the diameter of the process itself. In the process, it is very important that the water does not stagnate, otherwise the cut will rot. Therefore, the container must necessarily have drainage holes.

A slightly wet sandy mixture is taken as soil (for 1 part of the earth, 2 parts of sand). The prickly process is gently cut to the surface. Please note that the section is not buried or covered with soil.

Watering is carried out especially carefully. A plant without roots moves easily and falls to the side. Do the movements as carefully as possible, and do not move the pot until the roots appear. For stability, the baby is covered with small stones or vermiculite. Roots are formed after 7-12 days.

Rooting in a glass

Rooting directly in water is completely unsuitable. The cut rots long before root formation. There is an unusual rooting technology.

The shoot is fixed to the glass so that the cut is 5-6 cm above the water level. As it evaporates, water is carefully added, bypassing the plant itself. The temperature of the liquid is maintained at a level of 27-30 C.

Children are placed in pots after roots have formed. While the plants are small, one container will work well for several specimens.

How to remove children from a cactus and whether you need to cut them off

In order for the mother plant to remain healthy and the babies to successfully root, they should be removed correctly. Most people prefer to do this with tweezers. In no case do not try to remove the appendages with your hands.

It should be separated so that there are no pieces of the appendage on the main trunk, and pieces of the mother's body on the baby. Otherwise, rotting of the bush or the separated fragment may occur.

To minimize the risk, gardeners recommend cutting off the scions with a sharp, sanitized knife.

If you are taking kids for seating, use the following tips:

Wait until the outgrowth acquires a size of 1.5-2 cm.A too small specimen will not be able to provide nutrition on its own and will dry out without taking root.

The most suitable time for breeding is spring and early summer.

You can wait until the outgrowth falls off by itself. One should not wait longer than August. In autumn, the plant takes root worse.

Flowering is not a good time to breed.

Do I need to specially cut off the kids? If you are not doing this for the purpose of breeding, be guided by your taste. Sometimes a bald patch forms at the site of removal, which spoils the view. If the shoots grow throughout the trunk, the plant takes on an unusual appearance.

The need to cut off the shoots appears when the plant is sick and looks bad. The bush will need strength and nutrition to recover.

How to plant a cactus shoot with roots

Shoots with roots are planted in a pot of soil. The landing technology is as follows.

When choosing a container for planting, pay attention to the material. Plastic containers cool less and retain moisture longer. The light color attracts the sun less and protects against overheating.

It is desirable that there are drainage holes at the bottom. If there are none, do them yourself, or increase the thickness of the drainage layer. Small diameter containers stimulate root growth.

A drainage layer must be laid on the bottom, which takes up a quarter of the container. Crushed brick or expanded clay will do. This technique removes excess moisture and protects from root rot.

It is best to purchase a ready-made substrate. Instead of a store-bought mixture, black soil, crushed dry leaves and river sand are combined. The bush loves loose soil, so don't try too hard to tamp the ground.

A recess is made in the center of the container, where a young cactus with roots is planted. You cannot bury the bush deeply and press down.

Although they have a strong root system in the wild, indoor plants are endowed with small roots. In the future, an adult plant is transplanted into a larger pot as it grows.

Do succulents need care

After you have the children seated, you will have to think about their content. Some believe that once a succulent is planted, no further action is required. This is not true, any plant requires care and attention.

Representatives of the family are photophilous and prefer warmth, but they tolerate moderate temperature changes well. If you want to see a thorny bush in bloom, provide dormant conditions: place the pot in a shady and cool place.

Select special top dressing with a reduced amount of nitrogen. From an excess of a component, spots appear on the shoots, which rot over time. It is best to purchase fertilizers specially adapted for succulents.

Top dressing is applied during watering during the growth period. In the winter season, the plant does not need fertilization.

Despite the fact that succulents are resistant to drought, indoor plants require watering. Take filtered, settled or boiled water. The hotter the room and the drier the air, the more often you moisten the soil. In winter, it will be enough to add water once a week, in summer it is advisable to water it every couple of days.

In fact, cacti are unpretentious plants. Caring for them is very simple and does not require a lot of time and effort.

They are great for keeping at home as well as in offices. Due to their interesting appearance and unpretentiousness, the plants have gained popularity among flower growers.

Anyone can get a cactus family on the windowsill. Even a beginner will be able to propagate it with the help of offshoots, children, subject to a simple technology.


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