Often, vegetable growers and gardeners face a problem with the appearance of diseases on cultivated plants, ornamental plantings and fruit trees.
Having invested a lot of work, care and attention in their plantings, they do not want to lose the harvest and the spectacular appearance of the site.
In this, they are helped by such a modern, practically safe drug Fitosporin, which actively fights against many fungal plant diseases and serves as an excellent prophylactic agent.
- Characteristics of the composition and form of release of Fitosporin
- Complete instructions for the use of Fitosporin
- Reviews on the use of the drug
- Indoor Plants Application
- How to dilute Fitosporin in powder and paste for processing seedlings
Characteristics of the composition and form of release of Fitosporin
Currently, almost every summer resident knows about the purpose of this tool, in which cases to use it, how to use it correctly. In general, this is not surprising, because Fitosporin is especially popular among amateur gardeners and owners of suburban areas.
It is used:
- for the treatment and prevention of numerous fungal diseases
- for seed treatment before sowing
- seedling root system processing
- to improve the keeping quality and safety of the harvested crop
The product on the market can be found in various forms and for different types of crops. The active substance in it is common for each species, but biological additives are different.
Fitosporin - M is a universal remedy, growers pay more attention to a fungicide for flowers, and vegetable growers - a fungicide for tomatoes, potatoes and other crops.
The main active ingredient in the composition is a natural biofungicide, that is, it contains spores and cells of living bacteria of natural origin Bacillus suptilis (strain 26D).
The bacteria are resistant to frost, sun, drought, due to their ability to go into a state of spores.
Gumi is often an additional component of the preparation. This substance is produced from brown coal, contains nitrogen, phosphorus in large quantities.
In addition to Gumi, chalk is added - for viscosity, some other substances.
The action of the agent is due to the reaction of the bacterial strain with water, when added, the bacteria begin to actively develop and feed. Their waste products have a depressing effect on fungal spores and pathogenic bacteria.
Unwanted microflora is neutralized, and plants' immunity to diseases is improved. In the presence of the Gumi component, the drug has an additional stimulating effect on the roots, becomes a fertilizer and an immunomodulator.
The tool comes in several forms for convenience, depending on the purpose of use.
Packaged in disposable sachets of 10 or 30 grams, with a titer of at least 2 billion bacteria per 1 gram.
The substrate is dark in color, packed in a flat bag, the weight of the product is 200 g. 1 g of such a substrate contains at least 200 million live spores.
The concentration of live spores in 1 g of suspension reaches 1 billion. Fitosporin is a complex agent intended for absorption and distribution through the vessels of the plant.
They are used to combat numerous plant diseases, or rather:
- with bacteriosis and black rot
- white spot and brown rust
- powdery mildew and root rot
- downy mildew and snow mold
- various types of rot of tubers
- phomosis and late blight
- fruit rot and tracheomycosis
The effectiveness of the application depends not only on the type of disease, but also on the type of the culture itself, basically it is in the range from 65 to 95%. This is a pretty high figure. A positive point is also the ability to use the product both in open and closed ground, even in a residential environment.
Bacterial cultures of Fitosporin are able to survive at temperatures ranging from -50 to +40 degrees, do not lose their effectiveness even after freezing and thawing.
But the most important advantage is the ability to use them at any of the stages of culture development: vegetation, buds, flowering, fruit formation.
Safe even during fruiting, the manufacturer confirms this with his research.
It is necessary to apply the composition only in cloudy gloomy weather, in the late evening, since the bacteria of the hay bacillus die under the influence of bright light.
Complete instructions for the use of Fitosporin
The shelf life of the composition is up to 4 years. It is used for spraying cuttings, seeds, pre-sowing soil preparation, processing plants.
It should be borne in mind that after the rain, the film of the product is partially thinned and additional processing is required after 1 - 2 weeks. If the drug was used as irrigation, then repeated treatments are required less often: 1 time in 30 days for vegetable crops, and 2 times in 30 days for bushes and fruit trees.
For indoor flowers, once a month is enough.
The method of preparation and use depends on the type of substance used:
It has a white - gray tint, lasts a long time, without losing its qualities. The suspension is made a couple of hours before use.
For soaking bulbs or tubers: dilute 10 g of powder in half a liter of clean water. The resulting suspension is sprayed up to 20 kg of planting material.
For pre-sowing seed treatment, soaking for one and a half to two hours is enough. Before sowing, dilute 1.5 g of powder (this is about half a teaspoon) in 100 ml of water.
Soaking roots from rot
Before planting, 2 hours of soaking the roots in the following emulsion are enough: 10 grams of the drug per 5 liters of water. The same composition can be used to shed a landing circle.
Potatoes: 10 gr. powder is diluted in 5 liters of water and sprayed again after 14 days.
Cucumbers: 10 gr. for 5 liters of water. Three single processing is required in 10 - 12 days.
Tomatoes, eggplants, peppers. Mixes up in the ratio: 5 grams per 10 liters of liquid with repeated processing after 12 - 14 days.
For soil and soil cultivation in greenhouses
5 gr. powder is diluted to a homogeneous state with 10 liters of water and the surfaces of the greenhouses are treated, the whole soil is watered with the mixture.
The paste contains humic acids necessary for good growth and development of crops (GUMI).
Many summer residents are wondering: how to dilute Fitosporin in the form of a paste? The concentrate is prepared as follows: 200 gr. the paste is mixed until dissolved with 200 ml of water, it can be stored, previously diluted in the required amount of liquid before use.
Tubers and bulbs: 15 ml in 1 glass of water.
Soaking seeds of indoor plants, vegetables, flowers
2 drops of diluted paste in 1/2 cup of water, 2 hours of soaking before sowing is enough.
For cuttings: 4 drops of the concentrate are diluted in 0.2 l of water.
Processing on a leaf of vegetable crops, berry, fruit bushes and trees: 3 tsp of the working solution is mixed with 10 l of liquid, or 4 drops per 0.2 l of water. With this composition, crops are sprayed and the soil is watered.
The ready-made solution is used for spraying on the leaf and for spraying the fruit before storing it.
Prepare the working solution as follows: dissolve 10 drops in 0.2 l of water. Cuttings or seeds can be soaked in the same solution. It is more gentle, therefore it is more often used in indoor floriculture or greenhouses.
Consumption rates depend on the development of the disease:
At the beginning of the disease, the fungicide is diluted in a ratio of 1:20. After 10 to 12 days, they are re-processed.
With a strong spread of fungus or rot, dilute 1 part of the concentrate with 2 parts of the liquid and also spray it again after 12-14 days.
Reviews on the use of the drug
Having studied a large number of reviews about the tool on the Internet, one can make an unambiguous conclusion about the great love of gardeners and summer residents for this biofungicide. Negative reviews are only from those who processed crops at the wrong time, or did not follow the instructions for use and used the wrong proportions.
For example, one cottage owner shares her opinion. I believe that Fitosporin is the best assistant at all times. I use it when soaking seeds, spraying during the growing season, for processing greenhouses and soil, watering indoor flowers.
I care about the health of my family and therefore I use a biological fungicide, it helps me a lot!
An interesting tip from amateur vegetable growers who know not by hearsay what late blight is: The soil in my area is contaminated with late blight, so every year I have to process all crops, vegetables and flowers at the slightest suspicion of the onset of the disease. This is not a magic medicine, after the application of which the result is immediately visible; it will take some time for the plants to heal. I believe that this is Aibolit for plants.
Fitosporin is one of the most beloved helpers in the country. The seedlings processed with it acquire a strong immunity to late blight and powdery mildew. Consumers consider paste to be a particularly economical option, while emphasizing the convenience of its use.
Treatment of indoor plants with Fitosporin allows you to protect green pets from mold and putrefactive diseases; it is not recommended to violate the processing rules.
Indoor Plants Application
It has a 4th class of toxicity, that is, it is slightly toxic and is capable of causing small rashes or irritation of the mucous membranes in a person upon direct contact with the substance; it can be used in a closed room, apartments, private houses.
However, it is worth taking precautions:
- All work is carried out with gloves.
- During work, you must not eat, drink, smoke.
- If the substance comes into contact with the mucous membrane, immediately rinse the mucous membranes with running water.
- If the fungicide gets inside, it is necessary to induce a gag reflex (3 to 4 glasses of liquid are drunk), and then absorbent drugs are taken.
- Store away from food and drinks, out of the reach of children and animals.
The use of Fitosporin for indoor plants has received many positive reviews. The application is the same as for garden crops, and depends on the form of the preparation.
For spraying flowers and other crops for preventive purposes, make a suspension of 1.5 grams. powder and 2 liters of liquid. If the disease has already appeared, the same amount of powder is dissolved in 1 liter of liquid.
In the form of a paste
10 drops are dissolved in 1 liter of water for processing on a leaf, and for watering the soil in pots - 15 drops in 1 liter.
The liquid is primarily intended for spraying. There are many forms of fungicide, but they are all very similar in action, therefore, the substance is most often used in an amount: 10 drops per 0.2 l of water.
Treatment of seedlings with biofungicide
For the processing of seedlings, the manufacturer produces a special type - Fitosporin-M Seedling.
It acts in a complex way:
- disinfects planting material;
- increases the resistance of young plants;
- helps to get rid of the diseases that have arisen;
- affects the rate of germination;
- supports the stable growth of seedlings;
- increases crop yield by at least 1-20%.
The scheme of using Fitosporin for young seedlings is as follows:
Alternating watering: 1 with phytosporin, 2 standard waterings as usual.
Once a week, the seedlings are thoroughly sprayed with a working composition from a spray bottle.
The composition is made at the rate of 0.5 g of powder per 1 liter of oxen. Choose the amount of solution yourself, it depends on the number of planted seedlings. Shake the solution before use. With the early use of hay bacillus bacteria, immunity to various diseases increases: the bacteria penetrate and remain inside.
Time and progress does not stand still, therefore, the biological fungicide Fitosporin was created to combat all kinds of parasitic fungi and bacteria.
The drug of the new generation is practically not harmful to humans and pets, but it copes well with the tasks set. A large number of plant breeders and gardeners share their positive reviews about this useful tool. Almost every summer resident has such an assistant, he fights against plant diseases, saves the crop from loss or damage.
All the secrets of using phytosporin can be found by watching the video: