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Peperomia magnolia-leaved, plant features, growing secrets


Peperomia is a plant with interesting and varied leaf shapes. In fact, caring for him is not difficult at all.

One of the most popular and elegant varieties is magnolialeaf peperomia. What is its peculiarity and attractiveness and how to properly care for it?

Content:

  1. Description and features
  2. What is the use
  3. Care basics
  4. How to transplant
  5. Diseases and pests - how to fight
  6. Reproduction methods

Description and features

The peperomia flower is considered to be in the Pepper family. The natural habitat is the tropical part of South America. The plant is presented in different varieties. In room conditions, about 30 subspecies are grown. Each copy has its own characteristics and unique appearance. There are representatives erect, ampelous or bushy. Leaves vary in shape, color and size.

Some varieties bloom periodically. However, in most cases, the attractive point is the extraordinary appearance and variety of shapes.

Magnolialeaf peperomia is a perennial with elastic massive leaves that resemble magnolia in shape. The color ranges from light green to brownish green, with spots, edging, stripes and blotches may be present.

The flower is a neat compact bush, reaching 30 cm in height. Its stems are dense and fleshy. Even in the natural environment, it reaches a length of no more than 50 cm. This is due to the fact that all forces and nutrients are directed to the formation of massive shoots.

The leaves are smooth and shiny, round or slightly elongated, each about 5 cm in diameter. From above, they are covered with a waxy bloom.

The flowering of magnolia-leaved papheromia is completely unattractive and occurs at the beginning of summer. Outwardly, the inflorescences look like small nondescript spikelets of plantain.

At home, the plant lives for several years. The same lifespan at home, subject to care requirements. The flower is thermophilic and when the temperature drops below 10 ° C in the natural environment, it dies in the first year.

Peperomia looks great in any interior. It also goes well with other houseplants.

What is the use

The peperomia bush has received the fame of a "friendly" plant among the people. It is believed that the flower has positive energy and has a beneficial effect on the atmosphere in the house. After settling the plant, people note good omens.

If you have a streak of failures in your life, choose a flower with striped leaf color. A positive aura will help to overcome difficulties and bring closer the onset of bright days.

It is recommended to start it for people who are conflicted, with a contradictory rebellious character. She will help to reconcile with others, bring friendliness and peace to the home environment. Peperomia is so cute and extraordinary that when you see it, your mood involuntarily improves.

Contributes to the purification and preservation of the positive biofield at home, smooths out negative influences and emotions, sets the household in a positive mood and good mood. The bush growing in the office helps to establish friendly relations in the team.

Peperomia improves air not only at the energy level. The plant secretes phytoncides that help moisturize the air and fight disease-causing microbes. It is recommended to place it in rooms where children live. They are most prone to colds. The flower cleans the room from formaldehyde and other toxic substances.

It is also believed that peperomia prevents the development of disease. It has a beneficial effect on the digestive system and gallbladder.

Care basics

Caring for magnolialeaf peperomia is quite simple. With a little effort, the flower will delight with freshness and beautiful appearance.

Lighting

Lighting requirements vary by color. Instances with dark leaves tolerate shade well. Variegated and light green plants need more light. Indoor lighting is ideal. It is better to place the pot at some distance from the window. Peperomia should be protected from direct sunlight. With an excessive lack of light, the plant fades and loses brightness, and can also stretch out.

Temperature

The plant is thermophilic, it feels great at 20-24 C. But it should be protected from drafts and temperature extremes. Otherwise, it will react with diseases. It does not have a pronounced rest period.

Watering

Peperomia is a plant that is more likely to withstand a lack of moisture than too much moisture. The shoots contain a large amount of water, which is consumed if necessary.

The most dangerous situation is wet soil at low indoor temperatures. Under such conditions, the root system can rot. Watering intensity should be adjusted from moderate in summer to sparse in winter. It is advisable to take water that is settled and slightly heated.

Indoor humidity

Humidity regulation is required only during the heating season. The rest of the time there are no special requirements for this parameter. Spraying is used to moisten. To increase the humidity, you can put a container of water near the battery.

Top dressing

There is no particular need for frequent fertilization. The soil should be fed no more than 1-2 times a month. Half the standard dosage should be used. Top dressing is carried out only in the warm season.

Pruning

Pruning of the plant is carried out to form a lush shape. If the flower has dropped the lower leaves, the top is also pinched.

In practice, the content of peperomia is not at all complicated. Don't forget to look at its roots after purchasing. If they are not visible from the holes at the bottom, it is too early to transplant the flower into a new container.

How to transplant

If the peperomia loses its appearance and stops growing, check to see if the pot has become too tight. Perhaps it's time to think about a transplant.

Despite the powerful shoots, the roots of the peperomia are short and weak. Therefore, flower growers advise using a shallow container with a solid drainage layer (4-6 cm) for planting.

The transplant is carried out no more than once every 2 years. The best time to do this is in the spring. The old flower is transplanted only when the roots begin to show up from the drainage hole.

As a substrate, you can purchase a ready-made substrate for exotic plants. If you want to make the mixture yourself, include the following ingredients: turf and garden soil, humus, peat, and coarse sand. The ratio is 2: 2: 2: 1: 1. Instead of sand, perlite is suitable. It is very important that the soil is loose. In compacted soil, the roots rot easily.

The capacity is chosen 3 cm larger than the previous one. Drainage holes are required. The pot should not be too spacious. The flower does not feel well in large containers.

Reproduction methods

There are several ways to breed.

Cuttings

The most common and effective method of flower propagation. Cut off the top of the shoots with several nodules, after which the cutting is rooted. For the early appearance of the root, you can use the biostimulator "Kornevin". For rooting, take a sand-turf mixture.

It is best to plant the cutting in a greenhouse container, which will help maintain the humidity at the required level. At this stage, the temperature in the room should be 23-25 ​​C. In the cold, the stalk rots easily. After the root system begins to develop, they are transplanted into a small pot.

As for the paperomia magnolialeaf plant, leaf propagation is also practiced. However, this method does not always give a positive result. Leaves of flowers with a dense texture take root well.

Dividing the bush

When the bush is large enough, it can be split in two by gently separating the roots. The roots should be disinfected before transplanting. To do this, they are dipped in crushed charcoal or ash. After planting, do not water the first week.

Sowing seeds

For beginners, breeding paperomia is another challenge. The seeds are very small and it is not easy to create suitable conditions for germination.

For planting, you should take a shallow container. We take a sand-earth mixture as a soil. We place the seeds in the ground shallowly. The container is moistened and covered with glass. The room where the seeds are germinated should be warm all the time.

In addition, the container should be placed in a bright place. Avoid direct sunlight. The plant is transplanted into a pot after the appearance of several leaves.

Diseases and pests - how to deal

Some diseases and pests can affect peperomia. To fix the problem in time, periodically observe the condition of the plant. Parasites and symptoms of infection may be as follows.

Spider mite

His presence is indicated by the appearance of a white fibrous bloom. First of all, the plant is gently washed with warm water. After that, it is treated with an insecticide.

Thrips

Pests drink juice from the leaves, after which they become covered with dry spots. On the reverse side, they lay larvae. If a problem is found, the leaves are washed with soapy water. For processing, it is necessary to purchase a special preparation in the flower department.

Mealybug

This pest is the least common. Infestation is indicated by the appearance of small white insects on the shoots. To combat, use the treatment with an alcohol solution.

The following problems and diseases may also occur:

  • Root decay can occur due to a fungal infection. The reason is excessive watering or dense soil. Such a plant must be transplanted into fresh, loose soil without fail.
  • Blackening of the leaves occurs after a sharp drop in the temperature in the room. Make sure that there are no strong fluctuations in the thermometer in the room where the flower is located.
  • If there is a severe lack of moisture, the leaves begin to fall off. This can happen during the heating season if the flower is near the battery. Change location and adjust watering.
  • Curling and wrinkling of leaves is the result of direct sunlight. Provide diffused light.

Most of the diseases of peperomia are associated with non-compliance with the conditions of detention. Therefore, the first thing to do is adjust the basic parameters.

Peperomia has amazing decorative qualities. In addition, the flower has a positive effect on the energy of the house and disinfects the air.

In order for the plant to please the owner with freshness and neatness, it is necessary to create favorable conditions. Peperomia grows well in apartments and perfectly complements the home interior.

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