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Which grapes are healthier, black or green, what are the benefits


Grapes are a climbing plant with many benefits. The question often arises, which grapes are healthier - black or green? Let's try to figure it out and find the answer.

Content:

  1. What is grape as a plant
  2. What are the benefits of berries, what substances are contained
  3. Which grapes are considered more useful

What is grape as a plant

Grapes belong to the class dicotyledonous, ampelous family. It is a vine with twisting stem antennae.

Grapes began to be grown in the past centuries. Even then, people knew about its extraordinary chemical and taste properties. During excavations, scientists have found grape seeds that are more than 60 million years old. Ancient Greeks and Romans made wines from berries. Grapes were also grown in Armenia.

Grapes are not a common plant. This is the basis of an entire industry - winemaking. Vineyards are grown on an industrial scale on hectares of land.

The plant propagates by cuttings, vine pieces, seeds or layering. Grapes need periodic pruning, loosening and grafting. 200-700 buckets of harvest are harvested from one hectare of vineyards.

The plant bears fruit only 4 years after sowing the seeds. In the first year, only low shoots appear. The grape bushes are formed with regular pruning and shoot minimization.

The plant blooms with small fragrant flowers, which are collected in a brush. The fruits vary in color and size. You can choose between dark or light grapes, with or without seeds, large or small, round and oblong.

The fruits are folded into beautiful mouth-watering bunches. Their size ranges from 10 to 25 cm in length. Berries are consumed fresh and processed. They are used to prepare wine, juices, use in desserts, make jam, make vinegar.

There are about 70 species found in different regions. In our latitudes, the most common 5.

The grapes are famous not only for their delicious fruits. It is also actively used in vertical gardening. Thanks to the climbing plant, arches are formed, arbors and arches are woven around.

What are the benefits of berries, what substances are contained

Disputes about the benefits of grapes do not subside. Each species has its own supporters. The healthiest grape varieties are believed to be Madeleine, Ladies Grapes and Chasselas. They are ranked among medicinal plants. They are valued for their lower sugar content and more water. In our latitudes, the Isabella variety has gained popularity.

Grapes are an unusually tasty and healthy berry. The ripening time for the fruits falls in autumn - the season of rains and colds. At this time, a product rich in valuable elements comes in handy. The grape contains the following ingredients.

Natural sugars

Berries are 30% fructose and glucose. Most grapes are very sweet. On the one hand, this makes it tasty and suitable for creating desserts and sweets, and allows you to raise the level of serotonin in the body. On the other hand, a high concentration of sugars is unfavorable for groups of people with excess weight or diabetes mellitus. Therefore, in the use of berries, you need to know when to stop.

Vitamins

Grapes contain vitamins necessary for the body - C, group B, A. Regular use of the product allows you to replenish stocks in the autumn season.

Trace elements

Fruit juice contains many useful trace elements. The iron in it helps in the formation of red blood cells. Grapes also contain copper, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium.

Useful material

Pectin has antioxidant properties and protects against infectious diseases. Selenium regulates the endocrine system, strengthens the immune system, and has an anti-inflammatory effect. Flavonoids and quracetin slow down the aging process, and also minimize the likelihood of the formation of abnormal cells and neoplasms.

The use of grapes in raw and finished form strengthens the immune system and has a beneficial effect on the body: the metabolism is activated, the blood vessels are cleansed, the work of the gastrointestinal tract and the heart is normalized.

Which grapes are considered more useful

It is easy to get confused among the abundance of grape varieties. Which variety should you choose? Which grapes are the healthiest - black or green?

The most delicious grapes are not always the healthiest. Leadership in the content of valuable elements in black grapes. The dark color provides a high concentration of anthocyanin, a phenolic compound that has powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. The substance prevents oxidation of blood vessels, aging of the brain and the growth of abnormal cells.

In second place in terms of "usefulness" is green grapes. In fact, it also contains tons of medicinal substances, including resveratol. This component has antifungal properties, prevents oxidation processes and Alzheimer's disease.

In last place is seedless green grapes or raisins. This variety is artificially bred and contains a lot of sugars. The concentration of valuable elements in it is much lower - 50% less than in black berries. But he is loved by many and is much more convenient for drying.

If we talk about the benefits for the body, dark grapes are the most useful. They contain the maximum amount of nutrients and antioxidants. However, green fruits also have medicinal properties.

When choosing grapes for consumption, you should focus not only on its composition, but also on taste. It is also very important to give preference to fresh berries without damage. Each grape variety has its own unique aroma and taste. So why deprive yourself of such pleasure?

More information about the benefits of grapes - in the video:


Watch the video: Amazing Health Benefits of Green Grapes (December 2021).