Tulips are the favorite flowers of many girls, so spring, delicate and touching, bright, pleasing to the eye not only on holidays, but also in flower beds in summer cottages and plots. But nothing lasts forever and a moment comes when the tulips have faded and the question arises: what to do with them next?
- Correct actions after the buds have faded
- The tulips have faded, but what should you do next with the bulbs?
- How to disguise wilted plants and make your flower bed beautiful?
- How to dig up tulips correctly?
- Planting tulip bulbs in the ground
Correct actions after the buds have faded
To understand how to care and what actions to take, it is worthwhile to study a little the history of the appearance of this flower and its genetics. The homeland of the plant is the countries of Asia with an early onset of spring and arid summer.
The life cycle of a flower looks like this:
- Vegetation in March, April and May
- Flowering period
- Ripening of the bulb, the appearance of "children"
- Transplant in the fall
That is why all the gardener's actions should be focused on the full ripening of the bulbs, strong and strong.
The tulips have faded, but what should you do next with the bulbs?
After flowering, the bud itself is removed, but the plant needs to be watered for at least another 15-20 days. During the same period, top dressing is recommended for better growth and ripening of the bulbs. For feeding, fertilizers with phosphorus and potassium are used in the composition. But in no case with chlorine and nitrogen!
The leaves are cut off at the moment when they completely turn yellow, otherwise there is a high risk of stopping the growth of underground parts of the plant. But the flowers and a basket of seeds are given immediately so that they do not take away the extra juices and strength of the plant.
How to disguise wilted plants and make your flower bed beautiful?
Dried and withered leaves and stems do not look as aesthetically pleasing as flowers and bright greenery. This can be corrected by masking with other plants.
Florists plant next to the seedlings of annuals: marigolds, calendula, salvia, zinnias, put up elegant pots with pelargonium, begonia, petunias. Or you can choose annuals such as chrysanthemums and dahlias, which will rage until the very frost.
Or think about this issue even before planting, and plant flowers immediately in the basket, and when they bloom, dig them up along with the baskets and move them deep into the flower garden or garden for further care.
Correct agricultural technique for digging out material for future planting. What should be done in the open field, when the tulips have faded, how, and most importantly, when to start digging?
In areas with a warm climate, digging begins earlier, towards the end of June, in the middle lane from mid-July, when the stems and leaves will finally turn yellow and even acquire a brownish tint. If you do not dig up the bulbs for several years, then they noticeably become smaller, and the variety is displayed.
How to dig up tulips correctly?
They start work on a warm day, and when it is damp, the bulbs are rinsed with water and immediately dried, but not in the sun.
They start first with the early varieties, and then as they bloom. The damaged ones are immediately removed. Healthy bulbs are treated with a pink solution of potassium permanganate or fungicide.
The underground part of the tulips is dug out, dried well, all unnecessary things are removed from them: roots, scales, unhealthy or damaged ones are removed, and also laid out in size.
Store before planting for about 50-60 days in optimal, most suitable conditions for the correct formation of the peduncle for the next year. Initially, a room temperature of up to 25 degrees is desirable, a month later it is lowered to 15 degrees, and just before planting it is brought closer to the biological norm of 10 degrees.
It is necessary to try to comply with these requirements for temperature, since at this moment a bookmark of leaves, buds, peduncles is formed. The bulbs are poured in 1-2 standing for full access of oxygen into cardboard boxes, paper bags. Throughout the entire storage period, you need to periodically review the planting material and throw away the rotten, dried one.
Planting tulip bulbs in the ground
Towards the end of September, the planting material is again planted in the ground, it is advisable to choose a sunny day with a temperature of 5-8 degrees. The bulbs are soaked briefly in a solution of potassium permanganate before planting.
It is worth looking for a new place, where tulips have not yet grown, you can add sand if the soil is heavy. The planting depth is approximately equal to five sizes of the bulb itself, and the distance between them should be approximately 12 cm.
It is important to know that the planting material must take root well, but the deeper it is in the ground, the higher the risk of fungus charging. The plant is covered with earth and watered well.
Then they are fed with wood ash or ammonium nitrate. Mulching before cold weather is done with a small layer of humus.
With such simple tricks, you will save your most favorite varieties of flowers and will be able to multiply them. What kind of material you plant will determine what kind of plants you grow, what kind of flowering will be, so choose large, smooth, strong bulbs.
To grow beautiful, healthy tulips, you must adhere to the rules for caring for a flower throughout its entire life cycle. You can learn about care in a particularly important period for the plant after the buds wilt and the leaves dry, as well as what to do next when the tulips have faded, you can watch the video: