Raspberries are associated with amazing aroma and taste, warm summer days. What are the features of the berry and why is it loved?
- What is the Indian summer variety
- Features of planting raspberries
- How to care for a plant
- Exposure to pests and diseases, prevention
- The benefits of berries, harvesting methods
What is the Indian summer variety
The main advantage of the variety is its remontability. The natural desire of the gardener is to get the harvest for as long as possible. The raspberry variety Indian Summer allows you to pick berries not only in summer, but also in autumn. Bred by the breeder I.V. Kazakov.
The first wave of fruiting begins from June to mid-July. The second - from September until frost.
The berry itself is characterized by its small size (about 2.5 g) and a neat shape. A big plus is that raspberries do not lose their sweetness and do not sour even with a lot of rains. The aroma is not pronounced. They have the shape of a rounded cone.
Since the pulp is very tender, transportability is low. The best option would be on-site processing or fresh consumption. The yield is average, from one bush it is possible to get from 1 to 1.5 kg. With proper care and favorable weather conditions, twice as many fruits can be harvested.
The bushes are small - the height does not exceed 1.5 m. The branches are not spreading, the plant has a rather neat appearance, it is easy and convenient to collect fruits.
Raspberries are resistant to a wide variety of common diseases (gray mold). With a sufficient layer of snow, it perfectly tolerates frosts down to -30 C. However, even in good conditions, it rarely forms new shoots.
Also, the raspberry variety Indian Summer 2 was bred, which differs from its counterpart in higher yield. He grows shoots more actively. Fruits are larger, weighing about 4 g. It tolerates winter well.
Features of planting raspberries
The most favorable time for planting a young plant is the period from late September to early October. However, many people plant raspberries in the spring or fall.
The yield and life expectancy of the plant depends on how correctly the planting site is chosen. To get the most out of Indian Summer, plant it correctly:
- choose sunny areas
- periodically change the location of planting any raspberry (at least 5 years must pass)
- protect bushes from strong winds (make a hedge, plant near the building)
- watch the groundwater level (it should not exceed 1.5 m.)
- you can't choose a site where nightshade crops used to grow
- put fertilizer (humus) on the bottom
- tamp the roots thoroughly
- after planting, pour plenty of water (5-6 liters for each bush)
Planting options for bushes can be as follows.
One of the most popular ways. We plant raspberries at a distance of 1 m from each other. The width between the rows is up to 2 m.
We plant seedlings in the shape of a square. Side length - up to 1.5 m.
The location depends on individual preferences and characteristics of the site. The main thing is to maintain a sufficient distance between the plants and comply with the planting requirements.
How to care for a plant
The raspberry variety Indian Summer, the yield of which is largely determined by weather conditions, does not tolerate drought. Remember to water on time. In arid climates and without water, the plant dies. If there is no rain, and you cannot water the land on time, get a drip irrigation system.
To retain moisture and allow access to oxygen, periodically loosen the soil. The rhizomes are close to the surface, so avoid digging and loosening deeply. To protect raspberries from disease, weeds should be removed regularly.
Good care also includes the following activities.
You should start fertilizing raspberries in mid-spring. Apply a fertilizing containing nitrogen. Chicken manure diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 20 is perfect. Starting from the second half of summer, they switch to mineral fertilizers. A mixture of 20 g of potassium sulfate, 15 g of saltpeter and 40 g of superphosphate is prepared in a bucket of water. In the fall, take potassium sulfide, at the rate of 30 g per 1 sq. M.
Pruning Indian Summer is not much different from pruning other raspberries. To continue harvesting next year, the stems need to be bent to the ground. Only the weakest can be removed. If you want to use the plant as an annual, cut the shoots at the root.
Exposure to pests and diseases, prevention
The Indian Summer variety is susceptible to several diseases. To save the plant, you should be aware of their signs and remedies.
Purple spotting. The appearance of brown spots on young stems. The disease spreads quickly, affecting almost the entire plant. For warning, raspberries are sprayed in spring with Hom and 1% Brodsky liquid. If the disease has already struck the shoots, you will have to cut off the spots with spots.
Powdery mildew. A whitish bloom forms on the leaves during periods of warmth and high humidity. To eliminate it, spray with Topaz or Fundazol, diluting according to the instructions.
Sheet mosaic. The sheet changes color in the form of a mosaic. Aphids become the culprit of the disease. Complete deliverance is unlikely. We'll have to destroy the affected stems.
Raspberry beetle. Berries eaten by a beetle deteriorate and rot. To get rid of the pest, bred Ѕ g. Potassium permanganate in a bucket of water. You can purchase special preparations Iskra or Kinmix.
Raspberry aphid. Folding and wilting of leaves occurs. For the prevention of the kidney, it is worth treating with Nitrafen and Karbofos. In case of damage, the diseased areas are cut off.
Spider mite. A common picture is that the berries or leaves are entangled in a thin web, the fruits are eaten away. The problem can be eliminated by means of Aktofit or Vermitek.
Timely care and the use of correctly selected products will help protect raspberries from damage and death. An attentive owner will immediately notice the problems with the plant.
The benefits of berries, harvesting methods
Raspberries can be safely attributed to medicinal berries. It is used for medicinal purposes for colds, fever, chills. Drinks from fruits relieve inflammation, remove toxins and toxins. The berry is recommended for chronic respiratory tract infections, radiculitis, atherosclerosis and low hemoglobin.
Raspberries are enriched with ascorbic acid, vitamins of group B, PP, E. Contains micro- and macroelements necessary for the body (potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron), malic, salicylic, citric acids. The carbohydrate content is about 10%. The calorie content of 100 g of the product is 38-40 kcal.
Those who grow raspberries on their plots practice different harvesting methods.
Grinding with sugar
One of the most popular methods of preserving berries for the winter. Harvesting is done without boiling, so the berry retains its best properties and vitamins. Raspberries, ground with sugar, are most often used for medicinal purposes.
The easiest and fastest way to enjoy the fruits at any time. Good for eating or cooking compote.
An easy-to-use method that helps to prepare raspberries without taking up a lot of space. For drying, it is better to take slightly unripe berries.
Raspberries are a popular berry among amateur gardeners. The fruits are distinguished by a delicate sweet-sour taste. On the Indian summer raspberry variety, reviews are mostly positive.
Of the shortcomings, summer residents note poor transportability.
The advantages include the fact that the berry does not turn sour in a rainy summer and bears fruit until mid-autumn. It is grown for their own consumption and appreciated for its excellent medicinal properties.
Secrets of growing remontant raspberry varieties - in the video: