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Transplanting currants in the fall and everything you need to know about it


Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum) is the most popular crop and is excellent both fresh and for canned food - especially jams and juices. From mid-August, red currants and white currants ripen.
There are currants in almost every household plot.

Content:

  • When can you plant currants
  • Planting currants in autumn
  • Autumn currant transplant: basic rules
  • Caring for a bush in a new place

When can you plant currants

Proper care and transplantation of shrubs is the key to a bountiful harvest. Changing the location of the currant bush is necessary in such cases:

  • When the bush is old and needs rejuvenation
  • If the soil in place has become impoverished, the plant has ceased to absorb the necessary nutrients, it becomes ill
  • If the bush has become too spreading and began to press against other plants

Young currant bushes are planted in autumn in October, November or in spring in March and April. It is worth noting that red currants are better suited for spring planting than black currants, because later they start to grow and form leaves. Container currants can be planted during the growing season. It is more expensive than open-rooted currants.

Planting currants in autumn

Black currants should be planted in spring or fall. Choose an open and sunny location. Dig up a large area of ​​ground and then dig a hole for the roots of the bush. Place the compost in the hole and press it deep into the soil. Add some fertilizer to the hole and also deep into the soil.

Gently spread the blackcurrant roots evenly over the entire hole. Place the currant shoot so deep that the root collar is 5 cm below the ground. Fill the space around the roots with soil by slamming your foot on the ground to remove any air bubbles.

Water the bush with plenty of water, as leaching allows the soil to settle well around the root system.

Trim all shoots of the planted shrub into 1 or 2 buds to encourage new branches to grow. In summer, the bush forms many new shoots, they will bear fruit in the next season. If you are planting more bushes, keep a distance of about 1 meter between them.

Autumn currant transplant: basic rules

Gardeners often think about when it is best to transplant currants in the fall or spring, the following should be considered. In the northern regions, the transplant is carried out in the spring. The earth must thaw, and the average temperature must not drop below zero. It is necessary to inspect the bush, if it has started to grow, then the transplant should be postponed until the fall.

Transplanting currants in the fall requires patience, because the bush must be free of leaves and young shoots during "relocation" in order to stop the flow of juice. In central Russia, the end of October is considered the best time to transplant currants. In colder regions of the country, planting dates range up to 14-21 days.

If you rush to transplant currants, the bush will confuse the seasons and weaken. When transplanting in the fall, the weather should be dry and warm, watering plentiful. Transplanted shoots must be insulated for the winter. The bushes are sprinkled with several buckets of compost and mixed with the foliage. If you do everything well, then your currant in the new place of residence will adapt and give a bountiful harvest.

Caring for a bush in a new place

It is necessary to follow the rules for caring for currants so that they take root better. Mulching has a good effect on the growth and development of shrubs. You can mulch the bushes with agrotextile, shavings, or sprinkle with pine bark. Currants love moisture in the soil, and the litter limits water evaporation and keeps the soil moist longer. It also inhibits the growth of weeds.

Weeding and fertilization

If we do not use litter, then we need to take care of regular weeding of the soil around the bushes. We can break them by hand or use a scraper, cultivator, which additionally moisten the soil.

During the growing period, currants are fed with organic fertilizers (manure, compost, vermicompost) or mineral fertilizers. Remember that shrubs are sensitive to chlorides, so we only use fertilizers that do not contain them. You can use fertilizers specially formulated to fertilize fruit bushes that have properly selected and balanced ingredients. These are available at garden centers.

Watering and pruning

Currants have fairly high moisture requirements. We can control soil moisture with a moisture meter and, if necessary, water the bushes. For irrigation, it is best to use rainwater, which can be collected in special barrels or containers. However, it is important not to flood the plants too much, as this prevents air from reaching the roots and can damage them. The first pruning of currants is done immediately after planting.

Over the next 2-3 years, the bushes are not cut, but only very thin, broken or diseased shoots are removed. From the fourth year, when the bushes have already fully taken root, it is necessary to carry out rejuvenation annually. Currants produce crops on the shoots of the current year, which have grown at the base of the bush, lateral mature shoots. It is necessary to cut out all four-year-old shoots and leave on the bushes 4-6 of the strongest shoots of one year and 3-5 shoots of two or three years.

Use the pruning shears to cut all the shoots above the ground. Cutting can be done immediately after harvest or later in autumn, winter or early spring. On the bush, shoots lying on the ground, dead, infected with diseases and pests, as well as overly thickening bushes, should be removed.

Reproduction

The seedlings are harvested in the fall. Strong shoots are selected and cut out. In the spring we store them in a cool dry place, preferably in wet sand. Spring shoots are cut into segments about 20 cm long and placed in the ground so that one bud is above the ground. When spreading from projectiles, we choose a healthy, annual peak that grows low above the ground.

Currants are also rooted using the current year's shoot, a healthy shoot is selected, located low above the ground. It is sprinkled with earth and watered all summer until it takes root. In the fall, check whether the roots have formed. If this happens, then the shoot is cut out and planted in a new place, if not, then the shoot is left until next fall. If you follow the above tips, you will get a high yield of currants.

Video about the beneficial properties of black currant:


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